Malaysia’s skilled labour shortage

More trained workers needed to attract new capital investments

THE Malaysian economy can sure use a boost to grow sustainably in the long term because the indicators for long-term growth do not look very good.

That boost should come from a focus on human capital. To put it simply, a better proportion of skilled workers is needed for the economy to move up the value chain and be globally competitive.

This year the economy is expected to grow just over 4% year-on-year, after growing 5% last year and 6% in 2014. The economy is expected to grow by 4% to 5% next year although the headwinds buffeting the Malaysian economy will make it challenging to hit the upper band of the target.

Moving up the chain will mean producing goods and services that have a higher value, meaning that productivity will rise. The rise in productivity will mean that workers will get better wages. This is the basic argument of policymakers when they speak of how human capital can help the economy.

However, the reality is different. According to data from the Malaysian Productivity Corp, the average annual labour productivity growth between 2011 and 2015 was 1.8% while the 11MP has a target of 3.7% annual growth. The doubling in labour productivity growth is needed to hit the high-income target of the New Economic Model.

Malaysian Employers Federation executive director Datuk Shamsuddin Bardan notes that the economy saw a labour productivity growth of 3.3% last year but believes that it will be challenging for labour productivity to grow in the years to come because of the lack of skilled workers.

Yap says manufacturers have to source for high-quality technology from places such as Europe and Taiwan to upgrade their production processes.

Yap says manufacturers have to source for high-quality technology from places such as Europe and Taiwan to upgrade their production processes.

The 11MP targets skilled workers, that is, those with diplomas and higher qualifications, to reach 35% or 5.35 million of total workforce by 2020. Currently 28% of the total workforce of 14.76 million are considered skilled workers.

Shamsuddin fears that without more skilled workers, the economy will find it more difficult to move up the value chain and will not be able to attract large capital investments.

He tells StarBizWeek that the 11MP target is well below the proportion for skilled workers compared to developed economies, where the proportion is at least half of the total workforce.

Shamsuddin says government plans to raise the skill levels of Malaysian workers have so far only shown mixed results, with a gap between the plans and the actual implementation.

Indeed, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, a grouping of rich economies, says in a 2013 report that the country needs to address long-standing economic weaknesses in the medium term in order to progress toward becoming an advanced economy within the next decade.

“Skill shortages and mismatches and the deficiencies in the education system that underlie them and the low participation of women in the workforce particularly need to be remedied,” it says.

It adds that the talent base of the workforce lags behind the standards of high-income nations. “The country suffers from a shortage of skilled workers, weak productivity growth stemming from a lack of creativity and innovation in the workforce, and an over-reliance on unskilled and low-wage migrant workers,” it adds.

Observers say cheap unskilled foreign labour is the bane of the Malaysian economy. According to the latest official estimates, there are 1.9 million documented foreign workers in the country with the Government having put a cap of the proportion of foreign workers to the total labour force at 15%.

Unofficial estimates of foreign workers, both legal and illegal, could be more than double that with the numbers having a negative effect on total wages.

Socio Economic Research Centre executive director Lee Heng Guie says in the long run, businesses will need to increase automation for the low-value processes in the manufacturing sector in order to reduce their reliance on foreign labour.

Shamsuddin: ‘I doubt very much whether our policy emphasising English will be successful, as statistics indicate that if we ask teachers themselves to take SPM English exam, possibly half of them will fail.’

Shamsuddin: ‘I doubt very much whether our policy emphasising English will be successful, as statistics indicate that if we ask teachers themselves to take SPM English exam, possibly half of them will fail.’

“We are not asking everything to be automated as some places you still need labour, but what you want is to gradually move up rather than continue to rely on cheap labour.

“It is not a solution for industries to compete,” he says. There is also a need to review policies in order to identify implementation flaws and weaknesses.

But the work cannot be all one-way. Lee points out that the private sector must come forward to work with the Government to create a sustainable ecosystem for innovation.

While businesses acknowledge the urgency of working efficiently and relying less on foreign workers, they point out that the supporting technology including for automation cannot be found in the country and must be sourced from abroad.

Asia Poly Industrial Sdn Bhd executive director Michael Yap says manufacturers have to source for high-quality technology from places such as Europe and Taiwan to upgrade their production processes. The company, a subsidiary of Bursa-listed Asia Poly Holdings Bhd, is a maker of cast acrylic sheets used to make corporate signages, lighting displays and sanitary ware, has a high proportion of foreign workers in its workforce.

Yap also finds it difficult to get skilled workers or even motivated ones compared to the 1980s and 1990s. He says engineers today are not willing to take up challenges and many graduates cannot solve problems.

His colleagues observe that Malaysians also do not want to work in the manufacturing sector, even if the workplace environment is conducive and they are given opportunities to give their inputs.

Given the increasing importance of the services sector to the economy, English-language skills are important but again, there is a gap between the plan and the implementation.

The Services Sector Blueprint launched last year targets the sector to make up 56.5% of gross domestic product by 2020.

Shamsuddin says it is critical for the education system to plan for the future requirements of the economy and the command of English is very important to the services sector.

“I doubt very much whether our policy emphasising English will be successful, as statistics indicate that if we ask teachers themselves to take SPM English exam, possibly half of them will fail,” he adds.

Lee feels that a more consistent policy towards English is important, referring to the abrupt change in the teaching of mathematics and science to Bahasa Malaysia after it was taught in English from 1996 to 2012, as a change that has failed Malaysian children.

 

Sorce: The Star.com.my

Kursus Induksi PP-PPD, PP-PPT & PPL bulan November & Disember

Kursus Induksi PP-PPD bulan Nov & Dis 2016Tarikh: 5-6 Nov di Kepong Metro Prima (Selesai)
Tarikh: 10-11 Dis di Kolej New Era, Kajang

Kursus Induksi PPL bulan Nov

Tarikh: 19-20 Nov di Kepong Metro Prima (Selesai)

Kursus Induksi PP-PPT bulan Dis

Tarikh: 17-18 Dis di Kepong Metro Prima

Yuran: RM350
Masa: 8.30-5pm
Bank: Maybank 514589203020 (I Smart Educare)

 

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Kursus Induksi PP-PPD, PP-PPT, PPL bulan Oktober (KL & Penang)

Kursus Induksi PP-PPD bulan Okt

Tarikh: 8-9 Okt di Kepong Metro Prima   (Selesai)

Kursus Induksi PP-PPT bulan Okt

Tarikh: 22-23 Okt di Seberang Jaya, Penang

Yuran: RM350
Masa: 8.30-5pm
Bank: Maybank 514589203020 (I Smart Educare)

 

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*Jika nak kami jalankan di tempat anda (kalau ramai peserta ~15 orang), kena maklumkan sekurang-kurangnya 1 bulan ke atas.

 

Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand agree on sharing job market information

Jakarta (ANTARA News) – Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand agree on sharing job market information via online service in order to reduce illegal migrant workers coming to the countries.

“The information sharing on job market helps the three countries to fill the sub regional job markets. Hopefully, the migrant workers will be distributed well according to job availability,” the Head of International Cooperation Bureau at the Indonesian Manpower Ministry, Indah Anggoro Putri, said here on Wednesday.

The agreement was initiated at the sixth Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) meeting on human resources development in Jakarta on September 7.

IMT-GT is a sub regional economic cooperation which was established in 1993. It has a strategic role in improving development in border areas among the three countries.

There are ten provinces in Sumatra belonging to IMT-GT members.

Earlier, the information sharing has also been delivered by the Indonesian Minister of Manpower, M Hanif Dhakiri, at the Colombo Process Forum (Associations of Migrant Workers Sending Countries in Asia) in Sri Lanka in the end of August 2016.

The online job market information sharing provides an opportunity for the sending countries of migrant workers to prepare their labor force according to the needs in the destination countries.

Indah added in addition to the exchange of labor market information, Indonesia also proposed cooperation which involves vocational training centers in three countries.

In this regard, Indonesia refers the centers in Aceh, Medan (North Sumatra) and Padang (West Sumatra) to collaborate directly with those in Malaysia and Thailand without having to involve government bureaucracy.

The vocational cooperation covers areas of expertise which is required by labor markets.

“Thus, there will be no gap in skills among Indonesian, Malaysias and Thailand workers,” she added.

In the forum, Malaysia proposed cooperation on capacity building and human resource development in tourism industry and training in the field of computer networking technology.

Meanwhile, the Thailand delegation proposed cooperation in competency and skill standards workshops.

“The skills are for spa therapists, in welding and shipping logistics,” Indah said.

The three countries agree to immediately prepare a blueprint for the implementation of the cooperation agreement.

Lepasan KV, pemegang Diploma/Ijazah bidang teknikal boleh ambil VTO?

Saya sering dapat pertanyaan ini dari pembaca blog di sini.

Jawapannya, BOLEH. anda layak jadi TENAGA PENGAJAR & juga PEGAWAI PENGESAH DALAMAN (walaupun tanpa SKM tapi kena ada sijil induksi PP-PPD-PPB).
Sekiranya anda ambil VTO, anda layak dilantik sebagai Pegawai Penilai (PP).
Cuma pastikan bidang kelayakan anda tu sudah ada dalam Daftar NOSS supaya anda dapat jalankan internship (praktikal mengajar di Pusat Bertauliah JPK awam/swasta) selama 6 bulan setelah habis kursus teori.

Sumber: Razidah binti Sagap, Unit Pengurusan Pembangunan Pengajar Baru, CIAST

Tarikh-tarikh pengambilan

1) VTO
Pengambilan akan datang: bulan Nov/Dis, akan ditentukan kemudian

2) Induksi PP-PPD
Tarikh: 8-9 Oktober di Kepong Metro Prima (sekiranya anda di negeri lain yg jauh, tolong maklumkan, mungkin ada alternatif)
Tarikh tutup: 30 Sept

Hasil Kerja Identifying WA RileksJika ada pertanyaan lanjut, sila hubungi 03-62429999 atau 012-3123430.

 

Kursus Induksi PP-PPD, PP-PPT & PPL bulan November & Disember

Kursus Induksi PP-PPD, PP-PPT, PPL & VTO bulan  November (KL)


Kursus VTO mulai 11 Dis

Yuran: RM2,700 atau RM500x6 bulan
Tarikh mula: Kepong Metro Prima (separa masa, setiap Ahad)
Masa: 10-5pm

Kursus Induksi PP-PPD bulan Nov & Dis

Tarikh: 5-6 Nov di Kepong Metro Prima, KL
Tarikh: 3-4 Dis di Kepong Metro Prima, KL

Kursus Induksi PPL bulan Nov

Tarikh: 19-20 Nov di Kepong Metro Prima

Kursus Induksi PP-PPT bulan Dis

Tarikh: 17-18 Dis di Kepong Metro Prima

Yuran: RM350
Masa: 8.30-5pm
Bank: Maybank 514589203020 (I Smart Educare)

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Borang: Boleh muat turun di sini

Pendaftaran: Isi borang dengan selengkapnya & emel kembali ke ismarteducare@gmail.com bersama slip bayaran.

*Jika nak kami jalankan di tempat anda (kalau ramai peserta ~15 orang), kena maklumkan sekurang-kurangnya 1 bulan ke atas.

PROSES BAHARU PENDAFTARAN PELATIH 2016 PERSIJILAN KEMAHIRAN MALAYSIA

Salam Sejahtera dan Salam 1 Kemahiran,

Adalah dimaklumkan Jabatan Pembangunan Kemahiran telah memutuskan beberapa perkara berkaitan proses baharu pendaftaran pelatih Persijilan Kemahiran Malaysia seperti maklumat berikut:

1. Pendaftaran pelatih empat (4) kali setahun

1.1. Pendaftaran pelatih hanya dibenarkan dalam tempoh yang telah ditetapkan seperti Jadual 1.

Jadual 1: Penjadualan Pendaftaran Pelatih.

 Pendaftaran Pelatih di JPK  Pendaftaran di PTPK
 1 Januari- 28 Februari  1 Februari- 15 Mac
  April – 31 Mei  1 Mei-15 Jun
 1 Julai – 31 Ogos  1 Ogos- 15 September
 1 Oktober – 30 November  1 November-15 Disember

1.2. Kaedah baru ini akan dikuatkuasakan mulai 1 Januari 2017.
1.3. Pusat Bertauliah (PB) perlu memastikan pendaftaran pelatih hanya dibuat sekali dalam tempoh seperti ditetapkan dalam Jadual 1 bagi memastikan nisbah Pegawai Penilai (PP) adalah mencukupi dan memudahkan PB mengatur jadual latihan bagi kumpulan pelatih tersebut.

2. Pendaftaran pelatih dalam tempoh peralihan (sebelum 31 Dis 2016)

2.1. PB hendaklah mengemukakan permohonan pendaftaran pelatih dengan mengemukakan dokumen proses baharu pendaftaran pelatih.
2.2. Sekiranya bilangan pelatih yang hendak didaftarkan melebihi kapasiti sedia ada yang diluluskan, PB perlu mengemukakan dokumen sokongan dan komitmen seperti penjadualan PP, jadual penggunaan bengkel dan peralatan latihan serta kemudahan fizikal bagi pertimbangan Jabatan.
3. Penguatkuasaan Proses Baharu Pendaftaran dan Kapasiti Pelatih

3.1. Mulai 1 Jan 2017, semua PB hanya boleh mendaftarkan pelatih mengikut kapasiti yang telah diluluskan oleh Jabatan.
3.2. Mengikut peruntukan Akta 652, Seksyen 23, Bahagian 23, PB perlu menyediakan personel dan kelengkapan serta kemudahan peralatan yang mencukupi bagi tujuan pelaksanaan latihan kemahiran bagi memenuhi ketetapan jaminan kualiti di bawah Sistem Persijilan Kemahiran Malaysia (SPKM).
3.3. Kapasiti pelatih bermaksud bilangan pelatih yang telah diluluskan oleh JPK berdasarkan kepada dua (2) kriteria utama iaitu keupayaan PB menyediakan bilangan personel Pegawai Penilai (PP) dan kemudahan fizikal/mesin dan kemudahan lain-lain yang mencukupi. Secara prinsipnya, nisbah PP kepada pelatih ialah 1 PP:25 pelatih.
3.4. PB hendaklah memohon kelulusan JPK bagi tujuan penambahan kapasiti terlebih dahulu sebelum pendaftaran dengan mengemukakan maklumat seperti berikut:

i. Surat iringan permohonan;
ii. Borang penambahan kapasiti pelatih [JPK/T/KAPPK/01(P1)]
iii. Maklumat personel pentauliahan;
iv. Kemudahan fizikal; dan
v. Maklumat-maklumat lain yang menyokong permohonan.

3.5. Permohonan penambahan kapasiti pelatih hendaklah dikemukakan ke alamat berikut:

Ketua Pengarah
Jabatan Pembangunan Kemahiran (JPK)
Kementerian Sumber Manusia
Aras 8, Blok D4, Kompleks D
Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan
62530 Putrajaya
(u/p: Pengarah MOSQ)

4. Kadar Fi dan Caj bagi permohonan penambahan kapasiti.

Bermula 1 Julai 2016, semua permohonan penambahan kapasiti pelatih dikenakan bayaran RM 200 setiap program melalui pewartaan Peraturan-Peraturan Pembangunan Kemahiran Kebangsaan (Fi Dan Caj) 2016 di Laman Portal Rasmi Jabatan Pembangunan Kemahiran pada 8 Jun 2016.

Sekian terima kasih.

“BERKHIDMAT UNTUK NEGARA”
“Pekerja Berkemahiran Penggerak Ekonomi”
Ketua Pengarah
Jabatan Pembangunan Kemahiran
Kementerian Sumber Manusia

Sumber: www.dsd.gov.my

Kursus Induksi PP-PPD, PP-PPT & VTO bulan Ogos & Sept (KL, Kuantan, Penang, Kedah)

Kursus Induksi PP-PPD bulan Ogos

Tarikh: 13-14 Ogos di Gambang, Kuantan
Tarikh: 27 & 28 Ogos di Shah Alam
Tarikh: 27 & 28 Ogos di Bedong, Kedah

Kursus Induksi PP-PPT bulan Sept

Tarikh: 3-4 Sept di Kepong Metro Prima

Yuran: RM350
Masa: 8.30-5pm
Bank: Maybank 514589203020 (I Smart Educare)

Kursus VTO mulai 20 Ogos

Yuran: RM2,700 atau RM500x6 bulan
Tarikh mula: 20 Ogos di USJ Sentral 3 (separa masa, setiap Sabtu)
Masa: 10-5pm

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Borang: Boleh muat turun di sini

Pendaftaran: Isi borang dengan selengkapnya & emel kembali ke ismarteducare@gmail.com bersama slip bayaran.

* Yuran kursus istimewa RM100 ditawarkan kepada calon yang pernah ikuti kursus induksi yang sama dengan I Smart Educare dalam masa 2001-2016. PERLU BUKTI berikut: Salinan sijil induksi berkenaan.

*Jika nak kami jalankan di tempat anda (kalau ramai peserta ~15 orang), kena maklumkan sekurang-kurangnya 1 bulan ke atas.