Tarikh :  12 November 2018

Assalamualaikum dan Salam Sejahtera.

YBhg. Prof./Dato’/Datin/Tuan/Puan,


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Sekian, terima kasih

Jabatan Pembangunan Kemahiran
Kementerian Sumber Manusia

Make education system tvet-friendly

PUTRAJAYA: The country ‘lost’ 147,422 students from national schools from 2006 to 2017.

The former deputy director general of Education Datuk Ahmad Tajudin Jab said that the figure constitutes some 30 per cent of students that enrolled in Standard 1 in 2006.

He was concerned about the direction in which the students took upon leaving school as there was a possibility that they would never return to school or pursue higher education.

At the same time, the ministry found low enrolment among Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) leavers in Technical and Vocation Education Training (TVET).

The dejection felt upon failing to secure a place in public or private institutes of higher learning may be one of the reasons why some SPM leavers feel that furthering their studies after 11 years of schooling is an exercise in futility.

“How wonderful it would be if we could get those 30 per cent, or at least some of them to enrol in TVET.

“Their interest may not be in academics and TVET could offer a better alternative,” he said when presenting a working paper at a TVET roundtable discussion recently.

The discussion, organised by the National Professors Council (MPN), was chaired by its president cum CEO Prof Datuk Dr Raduan Che Rose and was attended by over 30 participants from institutes of higher education, government departments, parent-teachers associations, employer associations and youth organisations.

Among the major issues identified is the involvement of too many parties in the implementation of TVET in the country.

Identifying the issues

TVET issues have become so widespread that the Pakatan Harapan government had to establish a TVET Empowerment Committee in June and appoint Permatang Pauh MP Nurul Izzah Anwar as its chairperson.

In the Mid-Term Review of the 11th Malaysia Plan (RMK-11) which was tabled recently, Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad had said that the government was working on improving the capabilities of youth in the field of TVET.

Among the issues plaguing TVET are the overlapping education system, the certification system, the lack of funding and the uncertain future of TVET graduates.

The ministries were the Rural and Regional Development Ministry (KKLW), the Education Ministry (KPM), the Higher Education Ministry (now under the Education Ministry), the Human Resources Ministry, the Youth and Sports Ministry, the Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Ministry, the Works Ministry and the Energy, Green Technology and Water Ministry (KeTTHA).

“Every ministry uses a different model and organises their own programmes. They have their own fields and they don’t share (those models) with the others. If we can promote the idea of a main institution, that would be progress,” said Raduan.

Other situations that also contribute to TVET issues are different curriculums for the same programme, the lack of a standardised certification system and bureaucracy issues when it comes to sharing human resources and equipment.

Standardise tvet

The discussion panel unanimously agreed that remedial measures need to be taken as soon as possible to address the plethora of problems plaguing TVET in this country.

They presented several proposals for the consideration of the government, including placing all TVET institutions under the purview of the Education Ministry.

They also recommended that the ministry be renamed the Ministry of Education and Training.

The national education system should also be revamped to reduce the number of students dropping out due to disinterest in academic learning, in addition to increasing the number of student enrolment in TVET among upper secondary school students at a rate of 30 per cent or a figure equivalent to other countries in the region.

They also recommended that Malaysia study TVET programme models under one ministry as successfully practised in countries like Finland, Germany, Austria, Australia, Singapore, South Korea and Japan.

In Finland, Germany, Austria, Singapore and South Korea have students entering TVET as young as 15 and 16 years old, eventually entering the workforce by age 18 and 19.

The panel also proposed that TVET institutions be consolidated into four institutions namely the Upper Secondary School Industry Apprenticeship (PIMA), the Upper Secondary Vocational Programme (PVMA), vocational college and polytechnic and a higher level TVET centre.

At the moment, there are 1,901 public and private TVET institutions in the nation.

Teaching manpower and accreditation

The discussion panel also proposed for the resolution of the difference in service schemes among TVET teachers.

They called for all TVET teachers who are still under class J (TVET teacher), DV (TVET teacher, DS (Malaysian Technical Universities) and others be switched into the DG scheme (Academic Teacher) or DH (Polytechnic and Community College) through special training at Teacher Education Training Institutes.

This would make it easier to relocate teachers to a certain state or district should there be a shortage of teaching manpower in the area.

It was also recommended that bodies involved in the accreditation of TVET institutions provide a specific approach to combining academic and practical training to eliminate the need for separate accreditation as is the practice today.

On the policy aspect, it was hoped that the government would review policies that could improve the marketability of TVET graduates by making it compulsory for workers in skill sectors to have a TVET certificate.

They also proposed for current workers to undergo competency tests so that they could become certified, as is the practice in Finland.

In addition to that, foreign workers should only be hired for non-supervisory or non-professional positions.

Raduan said it was time for the industry to join the government in the effort of empowering TVET sectors in the country, whether through financial support or strategic partnerships.

“TVET is skill-based and will eventually contribute to the industry.

The industry can play their role by sponsoring TVET students and absorbing them intro the workforce upon graduation,” he said.

Source:  Bernama, 4th Nov 2018

Budget focus of Human Resources Ministry on TVET

Human Resources Minister M. Kulasegaran.

IPOH: The focus of the Human Resources Ministry’s budget will be on Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) to meet the demands for future human capital.

“We need to empower institutions at this crucial stage to produce the future workforce,” its minister M. Kulasegaran said after attending a meeting with NGOs, Tamil School activitists, PTA and school representatives, here today.

“I am specifically pleased that the budget included the concern for developing future jobs as part of the advent of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, as the world moves towards automation and demands for a highly skilled work force.

“Without a doubt we need to embrace technology and automation if we want to remain competitive and the 2019 Budget will be address these issues.”

Kulasegaran also welcomed the double tax deduction for private sector companies that support the development of human capital, especially through TVET.

“The ministry will collaborate with the private sector to ensure senior citizens who want to work following the inclusion of new tax incentives to hire them,” he said.

“It is a relief to the B40 groups as the government will continue and improve the living assistance to them by providing more targeted assistance.

“Through the Human Resources Development Fund, the government will implement apprenticeship and graduate enhancement programme for employability.”

Kulasegaran said this is meant to provide skills to school-leavers and to increase the marketability of graduates.

RM50m for TVET will help produce more high-skilled grads

KUALA LUMPUR: The RM50 million allocated by the government on  strengthening  Technical Education and Vocational Training(TVET) will encourage and boost the institutions involved to provide more programmes and  at the same time, produce more high-skilled graduates.

Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM) deputy vice-chancellor (Research & Innovation), Professor Dr Ruzairi Abdul Rahim said the allocation will be able to provide a clearer direction for vocational diploma students to continue their studies at tertiary level.

He said the allocation channeled to universities within the Malaysian Technical University Network (MTUN) focusing on teaching TVET programmes, including UTHM, will allow universities to offer more facilities, such as courses, laboratories and equipments.

“For example, vocational diploma graduates face difficulties in pursuing undergraduate studies because most of the universities are lacking of TVET-based facilities. The allocation provided will aid the universities to provide the necessary pathways,” he added.

The amount allocated amounting to RM30million will be under TVET Wibawa Fund, while another RM20 million is provided for the Bootcamp Programme which is to increase youth competence.

Meanwhile, Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP) deputy vice-chancellor (Student Affairs & Alumni), Prof Datuk Dr Yuserrie Zainuddin, said the allocation is also in line with the university’s funding requirements which are to introduce six undergraduate Bachelor’s degree courses based on technology in 2019.

He said UMP needed the funding to start the courses which involve teaching and learning facilities, as well as providing training related technological courses to lecturers to ensure they master effective teaching techniques.

Prof Yuserrie said the allocation provided also highlighted the government’s concern in recognising the field of TVET and highly skilled workers, in line with the importance and progress of the Industrial Revolution 4.0.

“Malaysia is slightly delayed in focusing and recognising TVET compared to Germany and Japan that are in the forefront focusing on technology and skills for their students.

“However, I am grateful that the government continues to provide funds through the Budget 2019 which is seen to produce hands-on graduates, high-tech nation and workers,” he said.

Source: www.nstonline



Adalah dimaklumkan bahawa, penggunaan Sistem Kredit Kemahiran Malaysia (SKKM) akan bermula pada 1 Oktober 2018 bagi Persijilan Kemahiran Malaysia melalui kaedah Pengiktirafan Pencapaian Terdahulu (PPT) untuk menggantikan proses secara manual yang digunakan sekarang.

Semua permohonan Pengiktirafan Pencapaian Terdahulu (PPT) boleh dibuat secara atas talian dengan menggunakan capaian url: – . Pemohon hendaklah mendaftar sebagai pengguna SKKM terlebih dahulu sebelum proses seterusnya boleh dilakukan. Untuk permulaan, permohonan PPT secara Mengikut Tahap (MT) & Single-Tier (ST) boleh dipohon melalui sistem ini.

Penggunaan sistem ini juga akan melibatkan peranan Personel PPT iaitu PP-PPT dan PPL-PPT. Oleh itu, Personel PPT juga perlu mendaftar sebagai pengguna SKKM supaya proses Penugasan PP-PPT dan Penugasan PPL-PPT berjalan lancar.

Sekiranya terdapat sebarang permasalahan pada sistem tersebut, pengguna boleh membuat aduan pada Sistem Aduan IT dengan menghantar emel ke atau hubungi helpdesk di talian 03-83214769.

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Sekian, terima kasih
Cawangan Pengiktirafan Pencapaian Terdahulu
Bahagian MOSQ
Jabatan Pembangunan Kemahiran

Vocational training needs one authority, says minister

KAJANG: A single authority is needed to oversee the coordination of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) programme, said Permatang Pauh MP Nurul Izzah Anwar.

Nurul Izzah, who is Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) task force chairman, said she proposed for a TVET commission to be set up in Parlia­ment and for the Department of Skills Development (DSD) to be more empowered.

This is to ensure that DSD can compel any TVET institution under any ministry to meet the stipulated requirements or face closure.

“If you don’t have a single authority or regulatory body, you will never get anywhere,” she said at the Empowering Women Summit 2018 at Universiti Tenaga Nasional here yesterday.

This comes after reports that the TVET landscape was fragmented, with programmes offered by agencies under different ministries, state skills development centres and private institutions.

She said there was also a need to standardise qualifications of TVET graduates.

“We even have two different bodies (of certification), the Malaysian Qualifications Agency for academic qualifications and DSD for TVET graduates.”


Education Ministry welcomes private sector’s involvement in producing skilled workforce

Education Minister Maszlee Malik speaks during a press conference at the Ministry of Higher Education in Putrajaya June 7, 2018. — Picture by Mukhriz Hazim
Education Minister Maszlee Malik speaks during a press conference at the Ministry of Higher Education in Putrajaya June 7, 2018. — Picture by Mukhriz Hazim

ALOR SETAR, Oct 28 — The Ministry of Education (MOE) is now more open to listen to the demand and needs from the industry players to improve the quality of the Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system.

Ministry’s technical and vocational education division principal assistant director Suraimi Rithwan said such move would enable the TVET education system to be strengthened as well as to increase the level of employment of technical and vocational students.

“We have been collaborating with 750 industry partners since 2015 and as a result, more than 90 per cent of TVET students, such as from the vocational colleges gained employment with the salary range between RM2,000 and RM15,000 per month.

“This is the result of our partnership with the industry players where we know what kind of skills that they need and our involvement with the private sector will be expanded from time to time,” he told Bernama today.

He said this after the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Alor Setar Vocational College and seven electronic and mechanical engineering companies.

In the same event, the Alor Setar Vocational College also signed Note of Understanding (MoU) with the Insitut Kemahiran Tinggi Belia Negara (IKTBN) Bukit Mertajam and Insitut Kemahiran Belia Negara (IKBN) Jitra.

Among the efforts to be implemented under the collaborations include to upgrade the workshops or manufacturing laboratories and to equip the college with high-tech equipment as well as to carry out industrial training.

Source: Bernama

Deputy PMs call for stronger Vietnam-Malaysia strategic partnership

NDO/VNA – Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Pham Binh Minh held talks with his Malaysian counterpart Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, who is on an official visit to Vietnam, in Hanoi on October 26.

The two sides said amid changes in the Asia-Pacific region, including ASEAN, that bring about both opportunities and challenges, the two countries should enhance their strategic partnership in a more substantive manner for the sake of the two peoples and for peace, cooperation and prosperous development in the region and the world.

The Deputy PMs applauded the breakthroughs in the strategic partnership over the last five years since its establishment, noting close-knit political ties, substantive economic cooperation, and expanding relations in other fields like defence-security, education-training, labour, culture, and people-to-people exchange.

They agreed to increase mutual visits at all levels between the countries’ Parties, Governments, States, Parliaments and people. Both sides also agreed to continue implementing bilateral cooperation mechanisms effectively and discuss to have a unanimous stance on regional and international issues of shared concern.

Vietnam and Malaysia will keep tightening economic links and promoting bilateral trade to US$15 billion or higher by 2020, the officials said, stressing the need to boost dialogue between their Governments and businesses.

They affirmed the determination to remove obstacles and create optimum conditions for Vietnamese and Malaysian firms to seek investment and business chances, especially in new sectors that apply technology and have high added value like digital economy, clean energy, hi-tech agriculture, infrastructure development and logistics.

They also talks ways to step up cooperation in other fields such as culture, tourism and sea-related areas.

Deputy PM Ismail said the Malaysian Government will further provide favourable conditions for Vietnamese who are living, studying and working in the country. She also agreed to strengthen bilateral ties in labour and vocational training.

At the talks, the Deputy PMs exchanged views on regional and global matters of common concern. They said amid the current regional situation, the two countries should maintain consultation on issues relevant to regional security and strategies and coordinate to help build a united ASEAN, successfully realise the ASEAN Community Vision 2025, enhance the bloc’s centrality in the regional architecture, and bring into play its role in the settlement of strategic issues in the region.

They affirmed the resolve to work closely together to reinforce regional economic connectivity, particularly within the framework of ASEAN, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM), and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP).

Malaysia pledged to support Vietnam’s holding of the ASEAN Chair in 2020. Meanwhile, the Vietnamese side also committed support and close coordination when Malaysia hosts APEC events the same year.


‘Private TVET providers need at least RM1b funding per year’

KUALA LUMPUR: Private Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) providers will need an allocation of at least RM1 billion a year for the next five years from the federal budget in order to support a total of 60,000 students, according to the Federation of JPK Accredited Centers Malaysia (FeMAC).

The amount is more than five times this year’s allocation of RM180 million to TVET providers.

FeMAC president P Sailanathan said the group has engaged and presented the figures to TVET task force chairman Nurul Izzah Anwar, who had said she would raise the issue in Parliament.

According to the federation, TVET providers are facing funding crunch. FeMAC alleges the TVET providers have yet to receive up to RM20 million of the total allocated funds since January this year.

“Only a selected few of us (private TVET providers) have received funding [but] a lot more were denied,” Sailanathan told the media yesterday.

So far, the Department of Skills Development and the Skills Development Fund Corp (PTPK) have been “pointing fingers at each other”, without having yet come to a positive outcome on when the remaining funds can be distributed, he added.

Although Minister of Human Resources M Kulasegaran recently said that his ministry has secured an additional RM140 million in funding from the finance ministry for TVET students and providers, the minister has so far not given a timeline for the disbursement, nor has it engaged with FeMAC on the matter.

“We are willing to cooperate, but there is no direction from the ministry. We are neither here nor there,” Sailanathan said, adding that many providers are on the verge of ceasing operations as the students are considering dropping out due to a lack of financial support and they can no longer afford to pay teachers.

To make matters worse, the students may often end up with a minimum of three overlapping loans as they are required to take a new loan for every level of vocational training, which usually amounts to four levels for a diploma.

Kulasegaran has proposed a fixed monthly repayment of RM100 for these students, but details are lacking on implementation.

Considering as many as 90% of TVET graduates find jobs within a year after completing their courses, Sailanathan does not foresee a major problem of them not repaying loans.

Currently, between 60,000 and 80,000 TVET students attend private TVET colleges, which are equivalent to about 13.3% to 17.8% of total tertiary-level students in Malaysia, according to data presented by FeMAC.

A total of about 45% of tertiary-level students in Malaysia are studying for TVET qualifications, compared to 55% at universities.

FeMAC, which represents about 350 private TVET providers out of 636 in total, has called for PTPK to be modelled after National Higher Education Fund Corp, with an abolishment of the current quota system.


Comment: I hope TVET task force chairman Nurul Izzah Anwar could set up a body for check & balance, to monitor the disbursements of the loan. Before this, my understanding is that those providers that are acting as AJK in FeMAC are getting priorities/more funding compared to other ordinary members. Some projects that were awarded to FeMAC mainly benefitted the AJK members. There has been complaints from ordinary members, citing that they didn’t get anything at all as ordinary members.
Disclaimer: Admin is not part of FeMAC, only reporting based on what the TVET providers feedbacked to admin.

Industri, majikan boleh bantu perkasa TVET

Mohammad Rizan Hassan

SHAH ALAM – Industri berkaitan atau majikan boleh membantu memperkasakan Pendidikan Teknikal dan Latihan Vokasional (TVET) dengan membayar pinjaman latihan kemahiran lulusan sistem pendidikan berkenaan.

Setiausaha Agung Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Pekerja Berkemahiran (PKPB), Mohammad Rizan Hassan berkata, cadangan itu secara tidak langsung dapat mengurangkan kebergantungan kepada pekerja asing.

“Ia boleh dikurangkan apabila industri atau majikan bersedia mengalihkan bayaran levi pekerja asing dengan membayarkan pinjaman latihan kemahiran lulusan TVET.

“Contohnya, levi pekerja asing bagi sektor perkilangan adalah RM1,850 setahun boleh dipindahkan kepada bayar pinjaman lulusan TVET,” katanya mengulas harapan sempena Bajet 2019 yang bakal dibentangkan Jumaat ini.

Mohammad Rizan berkata, dengan cara itu, semua pihak termasuk majikan, pekerja dan Perbadanan Tabung Pembangunan Kemahiran (PTPK) akan menerima manfaat masing-masing.

“Majikan membantu kesejahteraan ekonomi pekerja, penajaan dan ikatan kontrak untuk suatu tempoh yang dipersetujui dengan pekerja.

“Pada masa sama, pekerja juga tidak terbeban dengan bayaran balik pinjaman latihan kemahiran, jaminan peluang penempatan pekerjaan dan mendapat persijilan dari kemahiran diterima, manakala PTPK mempunyai dana yang cukup melalui pembayaran balik yang cepat dalam tempoh singkat,” katanya.

Beliau berkata, TVET di Malaysia memerlukan satu kerangka hala tuju yang baharu dan jelas serta dikuatkuasa serta-merta, dengan satu badan akreditasi latihan iaitu Jabatan Pembangunan Kemahiran (JPK) dan satu badan pengiktirafan profesional, Lembaga Teknologis Malaysia (MBOT).

“Selain itu, kaedah ‘apprenticeship’ yang diterajui industri perlu digerakkan berskala besar dan bersifat mesra kepada industri dengan mengurangkan karenah birokrasi di pihak kerajaan dalam aspek urus tadbir dan penyampaian latihan,” katanya.

Selain itu, beliau turut berharap kerajaan mempertimbangkan dana bantuan pinjaman latihan kemahiran di bawah PTPK ditingkatkan kepada RM1 bilion setahun, dengan 80 peratus daripada jumlah itu difokuskan kepada lepasan sekolah menengah.

“Tiada lagi ‘double-standard’ di antara institusi awam dan swasta di mana semua pelajar aliran TVET hendaklah membuat pinjaman dari PTPK dan bukan lagi percuma bagi sesetengah institusi kemahiran awam,” katanya.

Selain itu, beliau turut mencadangkan agar penyampaian latihan TVET melibatkan kerjasama awam-swasta terutama bagi bidang kemahiran yang memerlukan pelaburan sederhana dan ke bawah.

“Manakala bidang kemahiran berteknologi dilaksanakan oleh institusi awam,” katanya.