Vocational education: A new driver for economic diversity in ASEAN?

Pic: AP.

Pic: AP

By Murray Hunter

Education is generally accepted to be one of the major drivers of economic growth. This is one of the major infrastructural investments any government will channel a large percentage of their GNP into, to build an educational system that will support the country’s vision of its intended future growth path.

To the majority of the ASEAN economies the intended growth path has been industrialization. Within the education sphere, we have seen a mad scramble by government to create and develop universities as the prime medium to educate their young citizens in discipline based knowledge that will lend well to enhancing industrial skills and productivity. In Malaysia, this has led to a fervor to achieve high university rankings.

Most ASEAN governments have built a number of vocational training schools and institutes that focus on providing ‘hands on’ and ‘practical skills’ in specific trades like engineering, electronics, automotive, ICT, petrochemical, tourism and hospitality, food, textiles, agriculture, and nursing, etc. These institutions are in parallel to the university system, principally aimed to provide higher education opportunities to students who could not be generally be accepted into universities.

For this reason, vocational education has long been depicted as second class, which prompted the government of Malaysia to upgrade vocational schools into colleges with certificate and diploma structures that resembled university structures. As such, most courses are two and four year long with the objective of placing the student into the industrial workforce after graduation.

However the evolving social-economic panorama within the ASEAN region is shifting dramatically. The major cities in the region can be considered fully developed metropolises in the economic sense of the word. In contrast, many rural areas are still very much underdeveloped. These areas are losing skilled people, who drift to the cities with expectations of ‘big economic opportunities’, leading to a labor and expertise drain in rural areas. This rural malaise has been compounded with the collapse in the prices of commodities like rubber of late.

There has been a great emphasis on creating the economic usefulness of graduates. In Thailand for example, most vocational colleges are in the hands of the private sector which produce high numbers of graduates with certificates and diplomas, targeting career jobs in industry, medical, hospitality, and the service sectors. Malaysian polytechnics are producing graduates with diplomas in disciplines like robotic studies, which are only useful in specific industries. Polytechnics are created on the premise of providing infrastructure to produce human capital to service foreign manufacturers in specific industries.

The vocational education infrastructure within the ASEAN region, with its emphasis on developing industrial skills for industry, has been largely at the expense of creating craft and skills-based education that would assist enterprise start-ups of micro-SMEs.

With the changing economic landscape, ASEAN policy makers need to look beyond industry as the prime economic driver. They need to consider new paradigms of education beyond developing industrial skills to increase diversity and create new and enhanced value in their respective economies today.

Business schools have been generally considered the centres where most new entrepreneurs will be created. However the curricula and modes of teaching are not installing creativity and innovation very well in their cohorts. This can be best seen with final year students doing useless unpaid jobs at banks, airports, and government departments, giving queue cards to customers for their internships. By their very nature, business schools with no technology anchors are not coupling general business skills with technical skills. They disseminate business knowledge without the ‘hands on’ enterprise skills which are needed to set up new businesses. In effect students within ASEAN business schools are getting an incomplete entrepreneurial education.

This is where vocational education can step in. Vocational training should become much wider than occupational training and incorporate entrepreneurship as one of the prime objectives. There needs to be a focus within curriculum about how to develop value through innovation.

There has been some successes in the area of coupling business skills with technology through many of the agricultural colleges and institutes in both Thailand and Malaysia, where many very competent agro-entrepreneurs have been created. In particular, Thailand has showed great success in developing appropriate agricultural technologies with innovative renewable energy production systems, which have had a major impact on farming within the country. Community colleges and informal programs in both countries have created many successful rural based micro-entrepreneurs.

This type of approach needs to be expanded across all activities in the economy to create even more diversified value and diversity at the SME level within the economy.

However attempts in Malaysia to widen this have generally been lackluster. Both ministry and private contractors have tended to use ‘standard modules’ on entrepreneurship, which tend to be really about small business, leaving out important entrepreneurial issues about how to be creative in an enterprise sense, apply innovation to a business model, and develop new products rather than copy others. These courses are also most often taught by people who themselves have never been entrepreneurs.

If one agrees with the premise that entrepreneurship is one of the prime activities that can create new sources of value within economies, then practical entrepreneurial education is of utmost importance. So this is the basic challenge ahead for vocational education within the ASEAN region. ASEAN countries will need to develop enriched economies filled with diversity, which can only be achieved through creating value. However this is something that current micro-SMEs struggle to do as they are primarily only really duplicating other micro-SME activities, as copy-cat businesses.

A major rethink is needed.

Business school education is creating more executives and clerks to fill offices within the major cities of the region. Business schools have generally failed in coupling business knowledge with technology.

In addition, multinational manufacturers are not the long term answer to economic growth. They have proved to be very fickle, moving to lower cost production bases as current host countries lose their competitiveness. Wealth and diversity will come from SMEs in the future. Vocational education may be the best vehicle in helping to create these attributes in the nation’s youth.

Vocational education will be better able to serve the growing number of seniorpreneurs start new businesses, with short course formats. As unemployment increases and human life spans continue to lengthen in the region, entrepreneurship education for seniorpreneurs will be critical to prevent new bouts of urban poverty erupt within the region.

If vocational education becomes the vanguard of reframing education focus away from developing industry skills back to developing community enterprise, then the objectives of these institutions need to change. Rather than focusing on industrial employability, the primary objective needs to be personal development within an entrepreneurial culture.

This is going to lead to a few problems. There has been an emphasis on building structured curricula with diploma structures within the vocational system, in an attempt to make vocational education a stepping stone to further study in other higher education institutions, rather than gain a trade. The concept of disciplinary education needs to be widened to accommodate appropriate (rather than industrial) technology based enterprise approaches. The vocational system needs build competence and install confidence in students. This type of education doesn’t have to be diploma based. It will be better served through short courses and mentorship.

Mentorship points to a second problem, that of getting enough competent teachers for this approach. This is where the governing ministries and quality assurance agencies must accept experience over qualifications and consider allowing retired experienced and practical people to become part-time teachers of entrepreneurship as practidemics. This approach has been successfully adopted by Tecnologico de Monterrey of Mexico, now considered to be one of the leading entrepreneurship universities in the world today.

As there is a need for both enterprises and labor markets to be much more diverse than before, vocational education must come to the forefront. Vocational education should produce better accountants, chefs, agriculturalists, tourist operators, and small scale engineers, who can create new sources of value, than the university structure. Focus needs to be put on specific educational needs, rather than forcing students to take compulsory studies on Asian Civilization, etc., in a university environment.

Research indicates and experience shows that potential entrepreneurs will be better suited to short courses within a vocational system rather than the longer tertiary education route. Highly motivated people tend to have much shorter attention spans. This list of successful entrepreneurs who dropped out of university due to boredom is large and impressive.

This is the challenge in the next decade that goes out to all ASEAN governments. They need to view the entrepreneurial economy as the next carryover stage of development, from the current industrial stages the larger ASEAN economies are now immersed within. They need to change the educational paradigms within their vocational systems to take the best advantage of this opportunity.

Source: http://asiancorrespondent.com

PM agrees Kapit needs vocational college

Good news for students in Kapit!

KUCHING: Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak has agreed to a suggestion that Kapit Division needs a vocational college.

Minister of Land Development Tan Sri Datuk Amar Dr James Jemut Masing said he shared this vision of a technical institute with Najib during the PM’s visit on Tuesday.

“People of Kapit Division have given up a lot for the construction of three dams. And the power produced by the three dams will be used elsewhere. So it is only fair that we get something back in return,” the Baleh assemblyman told The Borneo Post yesterday.

“We hope a vocational college will be set up here to train our people so that they can participant in the construction of the Baleh Dam. We want to be participants of the mega project and not as bystanders.”

The hydroelectric power (HEP) dams in Kapit Division are the completed Bakun and Murum HEP dams as well as the upcoming Baleh HEP dam.

Upon the completion of Baleh Dam, all three would be able to produce a total 4,700MW of electricity to support industries in the Sarawak Corridor of Renewable Energy (SCORE).

“With the setting up of the college, there will be no need for our youth to travel to Kuching, Miri or Mukah to seek vocational training. They can stay put in Kapit. This in turn will help parents to save money spent on their children’s education,” said Masing.

He pointed out that Kapit folk are forward-looking and open to change and development.

“They know that the building of the Baleh Dam is a game-changer as the construction of the dam will bring about the opening of roads, linking to other places. It is true. With the dam, the SCORE Road — an 80km road connecting the dam to Kapit will be built.

“And along SCORE Road, there are over 100 longhouses with about 10,000 residents. These people know that with road accessibility, the whole area will be open up for development,” he said.

Masing said the villagers are looking forward to changes brought about by greater accessibility.

“So apart from the vocational college, it is also the hope of the people affected by the dam to see electricity being provided for them after the construction of the dam. Sarawak Energy Bhd (the contractor of the dam project) must commit to ensure that,” he added.

At present, the longhouse folk along the SCORE Road still depend on generator sets for electricity, which is costly especially when the price of fuel is high.

Read more: http://www.theborneopost.com/2015/06/18/pm-agrees-kapit-needs-vocational-college/#ixzz3dTdKGhFN

Putrajaya to add 5 vocational colleges under 11MP

Deputy Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin chairs a special meeting in Parliament, Kuala Lumpur, today. – The Malaysian Insider pic by Kamal Ariffin, June 10, 2015.Deputy Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin chairs a special meeting in Parliament, Kuala Lumpur, today. – The Malaysian Insider pic by Kamal Ariffin, June 10, 2015.

Putrajaya plans to add five new vocational colleges under the 11th Malaysia Plan (11MP), including upgrading secondary schools to cater for the increasing demand.

Deputy Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin said Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Tanjung Pengelih in Pengerang, Johor, has also been identified to be upgraded as a vocational college under the 11MP and offer courses in “oil and gas”.

He said the move was in line with the government’s efforts to produce more technically qualified human capital to cater for an increasing demand for “game changers” based on Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET).


The target is in line with the country’s objective of increasing quality TVET graduates under the Malaysia Education Blueprint 2015-2025 (Higher Education) that was launched recently.

Muhyiddin said the thrust on TVET would be enhanced by improving the quality of TVET curricula led by industry as well as new collaborations between the ministry and TVET providers and other agencies.

“Through the National Education System Transformation Agenda, we are targeting an overall increase in TVET enrolment by 2.5 times to 650,000 (by 2025),” said Muhyiddin when winding up debate on 11MP for the Education Ministry in Dewan Rakyat today.

Muhyiddin said the setting up of vocational colleges would not be merely based on certain areas or parliamentary constituency but rather various factors would be taken into account, including the aspiration and needs of the local community and industry as well as other requirements like the financial status of the government.

He said the programmes would be carried out through the 80 vocational colleges, 91 community colleges and 33 polytechnic colleges throughout the country.

Muhyiddin said the marketability of TVET graduates in employment after completing their studies (between 3 to 6 months) last year was 73.9% for polytechnic graduates and 94.2% for graduates from community colleges.  – Bernama, June 10, 2015

Source: http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/putrajaya-to-add-5-vocational-colleges-under-11mp

Forging ahead with skills training

TECHNICAL and vocational education and training (TVET), or skills training, has always been a part of the Malaysia Plans, but never a major element.

This has changed in the 11th Malaysia Plan (11MP) announced last week. It finally gives TVET an elevated status in our country’s five-year development plan.

TVET is one of the six game changers — together with productivity potential, middle-class society, green growth, innovation and competitive cities. It underscores TVET’s instrumental role in building the foundation of a high-skilled country by 2020.

A great deal of effort has already been made during the last five years, especially in two fronts — first, the mainstreaming of TVET to be at par with the traditional academic pathway and second, the enlargement of student access by establishing more TVET institutions and expanding the capacity of existing ones.

There were concerns that with so many blueprints and grandiose plans in the education sector, the vocational education transformation plan would take a back seat. But with the 11MP unveiled, we can shelf those concerns away.

Expect bigger push in the TVET sector in the next five years. Efforts undertaken during the last Plan will continue, but the emphasis this time, among others, will be on streamlining governance and service delivery and improving quality.

As in 10MP, the 11MP identifies current issues and challenges and then formulates strategies to overcome them. In TVET, topping the list of issues is the multiplicity of service providers. At present, seven ministries and agencies provide skills training. So do state agencies. In addition, there are more than 500 private education providers. To make the system even more complex, public TVET institutions were established at different times and with different governance systems and objectives.

Most have grown immensely in influence and relevance. For example, Mara has a strong presence in high-skilled TVET as well as a strong and longstanding collaboration with well-established partners from countries famous for their strong TVET sector, such as Germany and France.

The Human Resources Ministry, meanwhile, is able to leverage on its strong authority over human capital-related issues in the private sector. The extensive coverage of the National Occupational Skills Standards administered by the ministry’s Department of Skills Development (DSD) demonstrates this advantage.

Given that there’s no clear leader in TVET, no particular ministry or agency can be granted with an authority over the others. First, the fragmentation in the governance structure is deep-rooted. Large disruptions are likely to be counter-productive. Second, there is little point in creating a single institution that will weaken the unique strengths of each provider.

Instead, there is greater benefit in encouraging the providers to specialise or merge, and leverage on their existing strengths. In contrast, the idea of establishing a single governance system for accreditation and performance rating is more appealing. It is also strategic and practical. In business school-speak, they are the low-hanging fruits — slightly less in complexity but certainly not in significance.

Under the 11MP, the existing accreditation systems currently managed by the Malaysian Qualification Agency (MQA) and DSD will be consolidated. Likewise, the institutional rating systems, currently under the purview of DSD and Education Ministry, will be harmonised. We shall see how the government operationalises this in the next year and beyond. It includes whether a new body will be established to replace MQA and DSD in quality assurance. Although there are fewer agencies to deal with, it is still a big challenge.

In any case, we should aim to minimise duplication and leverage on the expertise in existing agencies. The new governance system should also be fully supported by the industry and private training providers. In fact, due consideration should be given on providing them with a greater role in the governance system. Such an architecture would make TVET more responsive, dynamic, efficient and sustainable.


Read More : http://www.nst.com.my/node/85824

National Service to teach technical and vocational skills

New-look for National Service programme from 2016 onwards to include private sector involvement.

Hishammuddin_khidmat-negara_600PUTRAJAYA: Technical and vocational skills are to be taught to trainees in the National Service programme to prepare them for the job market, says defence minister Hishammuddin Hussein.

The new skills will add value to current modules on patriotism and unity and involve the private sector, he said.

Cabinet approval was sought last week, he said, for the new programme to be included in the 11th Malaysia Plan.

Hishammuddin said the involvement of the private sector would mean that the certificates given out would have more value, and the private sector would not simply reject job applications from former National Service trainees.

He expressed confidence that the new National Service session could begin early next year, after feedback on the new plans had been obtained from all concerned parties next week.

The prime minister, Najib Razak, had announced in his Budget speech in October that the National Service programme would be reviewed and new skills introduced. In January he also announced that this year’s programme would be postponed, to save RM400 million in costs, and allow a review.

More than 800,000 youths have undergone National Service training since it was introduced in 2004.


Kursus Induksi PPL & VTO bulan Mei; PP-PPD & PP-PPT bulan Jun


Salam kemahiran, berikut adalah jadual induksi yang bakal dianjurkan oleh I Smart Educare di Kepong Metro Prima bulan April & Mei.

PPL: 30-31 Mei
PP-PPD: 13-14 Jun
PP-PPT: 20-21 Jun

Masa: 8.30-5pm
Tempat: I Smart Educare, Kepong
Yuran: RM350 (+10 jika nak kita pos sijil)
Borang: Boleh muat turun di sini

* Yuran kursus istimewa RM100 ditawarkan kepada calon yang pernah ikuti kursus induksi yang sama dengan I Smart Educare dalam masa 2001-2014. PERLU BUKTI berikut:
Sijil asal induksi berkenaan.

Kami juga akan menawarkan program VTO (format COCU), iaitu Operasi Latihan Vokasional/Vocational Training Operation (I-031-3:2014) mulai:

Tarikh mula: 24 Mei
Masa: 8.30-5.30pm
Jadual: Setiap hujung minggu selama 5 bulan, diikuti oleh 6 bulan internship di PB pilihan sendiri
Tempat: I Smart Educare (Metro Prima Kepong)
*Jika nak kami jalankan di tempat anda (kalau ramai peserta ~10 orang), kena maklumkan sekurang-kurangnya 1 bulan ke atas.

Varsity CGPA to consist of academic, co-curricular activities

A picture of Malaysia’s oldest university, Universiti Malaya. The Education Ministry will now include students’ involvement in co-curricular activities into their cumulative grade point average, or CGPA. – The Malaysian Insider pic, March 14, 2015.A picture of Malaysia’s oldest university, Universiti Malaya.

The Education Ministry will now include students’ involvement in co-curricular activities into their cumulative grade point average, or CGPA. The cumulative grade point average (CGPA) of students at institutions of higher learning (IPT) will no longer be based solely on academic achievement as it will include their involvement in co-curricular activities as well.

Second Education Minister Datuk Seri Idris Jusoh said this would be implemented under the 2015-2025 Malaysian Education Blueprint – Higher Education (PPPM-PT) which would see the ministry’s intention to implement the integrated CGPA.

Through the initiative, CGPA will no longer be based on academic achievement alone and it will take into consideration, involvement in co-curricular, community and voluntary, skill and leadership activities.

“Presently, students who obtain all As in academic performance will obtain a CGPA of 4 or four flat but under the integrated CGPA, the student needs to be excellent on the overall to obtain four flat,” he told reporters after a briefing on PPPM-PT recently.He said the new CGPA would be implemented in the first shift of the PPPM-PT to produce enterprising, holistic and balanced graduates.

Discussions on the matter, he said, were being carried out at public universities and it might take some time before the new CGPA was implemented.

A PPPM-PT briefing for senior editors of the electronic and print media was also attended by Deputy Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin, who is also education minister.

The briefing was held in view of its launch scheduled on April 7, by Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak.

Idris said the new plan would also continue to empower technical, vocational, education and training (TVET) as a premier choice.

He said the initiative on TVET programme was to provide diversity in education through vocational colleges, polytechnics and community colleges, as well as the four technical universities in the country.

“The objective of making TVET as a choice began during the launch of the transformation of vocational education in 2012, and it will continue to be enhanced as the community starts to accept TVET.

“TVET is seen as viable alternative to produce good graduates with certificate or diploma qualifications and obtain high-paying jobs,” he said.

He said TVET and co-curricular activities based on industry needs would make programme graduates more sought after by the industries.

PPPM-PT is a continuation of the School Sector PPPM and the National Higher Education Strategic Plan (PSPTN).

The new plan encompasses 10 shifts on enterprising, holistic, balanced graduates, higher education talent excellence, lifelong learning community and quality TVET graduates.

The six other shifts are financial sustainability, empowering governance, enhancement of ecosystem innovation, renowned system at global level; global online learning and delivery of higher education for transformation.

The plan has been translated into 100 initiatives in three waves, namely the first wave for 2013-2015, second wave from 2016 to 2020 and the third wave from 2021 to 2025. – Bernama, March 14, 2015


In race to hone talent, Penang to copy German vocational schools

Lim Guan Eng seen in this July 16, 2014 file picture. ― Picture by Choo Choy May Lim Guan Eng seen in this July 16, 2014 file picture. ― Picture by Choo Choy

MayKUALA LUMPUR, Jan 24 — The German model of vocational training will soon become an integral part of human resource development in Penang, as the Pakatan Rakyat-led state launched today a multi-pronged approach to bolster what it claims to be flagging standards in the national education system.

Chief Minister Lim Guan Eng said the state will be the first to adopt the German vocational school system, to help develop “high-performing education systems” that build both theoretical and practical skills.

“We must provide our youths with opportunities and supply them with platforms to demonstrate their talents and strengths,” he said of the system, which will be run within multi-national corporations operating out of Penang.

“It is only when we are bold enough to invest in education can we truly win the challenging future,” he added when launching the Engagement Science Technology Engineering English and Mathematics (ESTEEM) Teaching at the Karpal Singh Penang Learning Centre.

Apart from the new vocational system, Lim said his administration will also extend annual funding to all existing half-funded vernacular and religious schools, and build learning centres focused on teaching science, technology, English and mathematics.

Lim stressed that Malaysian students lag three years behind their peers in South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore based on the 2012 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) ranking, which rates the command of science, mathematics and reading among 15-year-olds.

He acknowledged that the Barisan Nasional federal governnment allocated some 20 per cent or RM56 billion of Budget 2015 for education, but claimed that the money will be spent “to satisfy the needs of bureaucrats” instead of improving on students’ learning.

“In fact, Malaysia spends less than Thailand in terms of education for students in their first 10 years of their education, from six years to 15 years old.

“Unless there is a paradigm shift towards investment in education, accompanied by high aspirations as a nation to build on human capital, we cannot be a high-income, developed economy,” he said, in a tacit reference to Putrajaya’s goal of achieving developed nation status by 2020.

Source: http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/in-race-to-hone-talent-penang-to-copy-german-vocational-schools#sthash.vtD1cn0s.dpuf

Semua PB Swasta JPK perlu daftar GST

Adalah dimaklumkan bahawa semua PB Swasta yang berdaftar dengan JPK perlu membuat pendaftaran GST. Jabatan telah membuat rujukan daripada dokumen Warta Kerajaan Persekutuan bagi Perintah Cukai Barang dan Perkhidmatan (Pembekalan Dikecualikan) 2014 dan Akta Pendidikan 1996 [Akta 550] serta perbincangan dengan pegawai kastam bahagian GST bagi sektor pendidikan dan Pegawai Undang-undang (PUU) dari Kementerian Sumber Manusia (KSM) dan Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (KPM). Dokumen yang dirujuk adalah seperti berikut:

1)     Warta Kerajaan Persekutuan bagi Perintah Cukai Barang dan Perkhidmatan (Pembekalan Dikecualikan) 2014 bahagian Perkhidmatan Pendidikan perkara 14 (b)  dinyatakan;

“Berhubung dengan pendidikan tinggi yang disediakan kepada pelajar oleh penyedia institusi pendidikantinggi yang diluluskan di bawah Akta Pendidikan 1996, Akta Universiti dan Kolej Universiti 1971 [Akta 173] atau Akta Institusi Pendidikan Tinggi Swasta 1996 [Akta 555]”

dan perkara 16 (c) (iv) dinyatakan;

“Pendidikan tinggi yang mengikuti kursus pengajian sebagaimana yang ditetapkan di bawah Akta Pendidikan 1996, Akta Universiti dan Kolej Universiti 1971, Akta Universiti Teknologi MARA 1976, Akta Pendidikan Tinggi Swasta 1996 atau yang diakreditasi oleh Agensi Kelayakan Malaysia”

2)            Akta Pendidikan 1996 [Akta 550] perkara 34 dinyatakan;

(1)       Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Minister may establish and maintain the following educational institutions:

(a)        colleges, other than colleges with the status of University or University College established or deemed to be established under the Universities and University Colleges Act 1971;

(b)        special schools;

(c)        polytechnics; and

(d)      any other educational institution, the establishment or maintenance of which is not provided for under this Act or the Universities and University Colleges Act 1971.

(2)      The Minister may give grant-in-aid to an educational institution, not established by  him, falling within paragraph (1) (a) or (1) (b).

3)   Merujuk kepada Pegawai Undang-undang Kementerian Sumber Manusia dan   Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia menyatakan bahawa perkara 14 (b) , 16 (c) (iv) dan 34 (1) (d) adalah tidak meliputi untuk PB Swasta yang berada di bawah Akta Pembangunan Kemahiran Kebangsaan 2006 [Akta 652]

Kursus Induksi PP-PPD bulan Januari 2015 (Yuran serendah RM100*)

Salam kemahiran, berikut adalah jadual induksi yang bakal dianjurkan oleh I Smart Educare di Kepong Metro Prima awal tahun 2015.

PP-PPD: 17-18 Jan
PPL: 24-25 Jan
PP-PPT: 7-8 Feb

Masa: 8.30-5pm
Tempat: I Smart Educare, Kepong
Yuran: RM350 (+10 jika nak kita pos sijil)
Borang: Boleh muat turun di sini http://jpkmalaysia.com/?page_id=30

* Yuran kursus RM100 adalah untuk calon yang pernah ikuti kursus induksi yang sama dengan I Smart Educare dalam masa 2001-2014. PERLU BUKTI berikut:
Sijil asal induksi berkenaan.

Untuk kes-kes ulangan (refresher course) yang lain (bukan ikuti dengan I Smart sebelum ini ataupun tidak dapat buktikan dengan sijil, yuran istimewa juga akan diperuntukkan.
Melvin Lim
Principal Consultant
I Smart Educare (L02266)
Tel/Fax: 603-62429999      HP: 6012-3123430skype: melvin3430
Facebook: Malaysian Vocational Training Network
Website: <#1 Malaysia Vocational Training Network>