Category Archives: TVET/Skills courses

Expect a recession in 4 to 6 months, says chief statistician

Recession 2020
Credit image:


A recession is a macroeconomic term that refers to a significant decline in general economic activity in a designated region. It had been typically recognized as two consecutive quarters of economic decline, as reflected by GDP in conjunction with monthly indicators such as a rise in unemployment.

SINGAPORE: The Malaysian economy is about to feel the full impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, according to the country’s top statistician.

After posting its slowest growth since the global financial crisis, the economy is set to slip into a recession in the next four to six months, according to a report by Mohd Uzir Mahidin, the chief statistician.

With its borders shut to foreigners and a standstill in commerce around the world, industries including tourism and aviation have been crippled, adding uncertainty to a rebound in trade in the first quarter.

The expected decline comes as the country’s gross domestic product grew marginally at 0.7% in the first three months of the year, the lowest since the third quarter of 2009, he said.

That growth rate is significantly less than the 3.9% to 4.2% expansion expected, with losses of RM22.8 billion (US$5.3 billion) in economic output because of a countrywide lockdown, he said.

Countries across the world began the “Great Lockdown” in March.

“From the early indications in April and May 2020, the economic environment is foreseen to be unfavourable for Malaysian businesses,” according to the report, entitled the Malaysian Economic Statistics Review.

With the global lockdown, “this unprecedented situation has caused a sharp contraction to the economy like never before.”


Comment: Is your job secured in this coming recession? This time around, things are a bit different. Even traditionally recession-proof career like early childhood educator might be at risk, due to the lockdown. Otherwise, it is relatively recession-proof. You should consider either upskilling or reskilling if your current skills are going to be less relevant or totally obsolete post-MCO/CMCO.

Among the skills that I highly recommend is to brush up your digital marketing skills as digitalisation is a must in the new norm.
And if you really hate to deal with screen and IT-related kinds of stuff, here are some other options:

Accounting course if you love numbers
– Industrial automation if you like robotics & machinery (great prospect especially in the glove manufacturing industry during this pandemic)
Baking & Culinary if you like baking & cooking (Just like early childhood industry, F&B industry may look bleak in this year or until a vaccine for Covid-19 is found).

There are many other TVET courses that lead to jobs/careers that are not only recession-proof but also in high demand.

So, what is your interest?
What course would you like to study?
If you’re unsure or know what you want to study but don’t know where, just state your interest here.

People Are Becoming Millionaires During This Economic Collapse…Are Your Skills Ready For It?

These are some of the skills that you can/should acquire in order to thrive (for certain industries, it’s a must to survive post Covid-19)

Digital Marketing (includes programming, social medial skills like FB, Instagram & Youtube, Search Engine Optimisation (SEO), Google Analytics etc)

The Winning Formula For Successful Digital Marketing in 2018

Web Development

Top Web Development Trends You Need To Consider For Your Project ...

Information Technology

8 Major Impacts of Information Technology on Businesses - Tweak ...

If you are really serious in changing your live, having a good career or even surviving your business, you should seriously consider in taking up courses that prepare you for it.

Following is part of the above video’s transcript

During this economic collapse we have seen people lose their businesses, their life savings, and their jobs.

In fact, since the collapse started, searches for unemployment applications on google have increased by roughly 4700%.

And just last week alone, 6.65 Million people in the United States filed for unemployment. That’s about 2% of the entire population. And to put that in perspective, only about 155 million people in the united states are in the workforce…meaning that last week alone will hike the unemployment rate by about 4.2%. This means that we have likely already surpassed the unemployment levels of the worst parts of the 2008 Financial Crisis.

Yet, despite all of this doom and gloom, there have been some people that have been able to take advantage of this situation. In fact, many Millionaires, Multimillionaires, and even billionaires might be being created right before our very eyes. So who are these people? And could you do anything right now to help bolster your financial future? Well lets start off by asking ourselves, why do some businesses go through a boom during a crisis. A perfect example of this is Mcdonalds during the financial Crisis.

In 2008 and 2009, as businesses were collapsing, unemployment was nearing 10%, and millions of people were losing their jobs…Mcdonalds actually saw an increase in revenue and profits by about 4.5% per year. So why did this happen? Well think about it.

When millions of people have their incomes drastically reduced, they look for ways to cut costs in order to survive. One of which is food. And in 2008, Mcdonalds had a pretty long list of items on its dollar menu. Meaning that it was cheaper in many cases for a family to go and buy food from Mcdonalds for a few dollars, than it was to get fresh food from a grocery store. This is one example of a business that was in the right place at the right time while going through a recession.

But today is a completely different economy than it was 12 years ago. In 2008, only about 22% of the world were regularly on the internet, meanwhile, about 60% of people today are regularly on the internet. And the results of this have been staggering. A recent Nielsen report showed that streaming on these platforms has spike by over 22% since the lockdowns were implemented. And that’s one of the reasons why creators like myself and many other influencers, have actually seen substantial increases in viewership, subscriber counts, and revenue during this time…as opposed to many other businesses that are seeing decreases across the board. In fact, there are some genres of online content creation that are seeing 50, 100, or even up to a 500% increase in revenue since the lockdowns. Those are videos that have to do with at home meditation, cooking, home workouts, and DIY videos. Largely things relating to stuff people can do at home.

And depending on the creator, this might mean an extra few hundred dollars a month, to tens of thousands of dollars in additional revenue per month. And out of all the industries I mention in this video, I can guarantee you that this crisis will create more wealth in the social media space, than it will in most other industries.

And whats crazy is that there has been such an influx of online viewership, that the largest online video companies like Amazon, Youtube, Netflix, and Disney, have all agreed to reduce the bitrates on their platforms, in order to make sure that their websites and applications dont slowdown or crash.

This has led to an explosion of online industries like E-Commerce and Social Media. And that brings us to the first business that has been going through a boom recently. Online Content Creators.

Because of the global lockdowns, more people are being forced to stay home and try to entertain themselves. So, many of these people are turning to platforms like Netflix, Disney Plus, Youtube, and other streaming services in order to kill the time. Transcript too long. End here.

How to Make Bread – Without Breadmaker in 7 Easy Steps (Home Baking)

Baking bread (and bun) without breadmaker (video)

If you’re looking to learn a
full time bakery or pastry course, you may leave your details here
Here’s another version of baking bun without breadmaker -11 year old Malaysian girl

Baking bread at home is simple and fun, you can learn And if you/your children intend to make a career out of baking or pastry production, there are proper skills/TVET courses that you/they can consider to pursue.

Eg. Pastry production course provides students the contemporary skills and techniques to prepare and present a wide variety of baking and pastry items suitable for a bakeshop, café or patisserie kitchen.

Successful graduates have a proven track record of succeeding in various industries ranging in top dining outlets, hospitality and food production, to manufacturing, vocational education and retail businesses, and even international competitions!

Baking bread without breadmaker (Instructional steps)

How to Make Bread without breadmaker
How to Make Bread without Breadmaker

This is an easy, basic recipe for bread that does not require much skill.

There are many ways to make bread and this is one of them (and in my opinion, a very simple way). Remember, bread making is not an exact science.

Step 1: Baking bread – Tools, Equipments & Materials (TEM)

Baking bread - TEM

You will need:

  • Yeast – 2 Tbsp
  • Hot-ish* water – 2 cups
  • Bread flour – 5 cups total, 2 for the sponge and 3 for later. (NOT regular flour)
  • Sugar – 2 Tbsp.
  • Salt – 2 tsp.
  • Oil – 2 Tbsp.
  • 3 loaf pans
  • Quick-read thermometer
  • Oven pre-heated to 375

*Hot-ish means between 95 and 115 degrees F. much colder and it won’t activate, much warmer and it will kill the little guys.

Step 2: Make the Sponge

Baking bread - Make the Sponge
Baking bread - Make the Sponge

This recipe uses what I call a “sponge.” The sponge will activate the yeast and get things started; getting the yeast warm, happy, and ready to go

Start by mixing the hot water and the flour. Then, add 2 Tbsp. sugar, 2 Tbsp. oil, 2 Tbsp. yeast, and 2 tsp. salt.

Let this sit for about 8 or 10 minutes. Assuming your water was hot enough, it should be nice and bubbly.

Step 3: Add Some Flour and Knead It

Baking bread - Knead It

Now you need to add about 3 more cups of flour. I added a little less this time, it really depends on the humidity and how exact your measurements were in the sponge step.

Once it gets too tough to stir, flip it onto a clean floured surface. Now, knead away, adding flour as you do so.
Knead the dough for 8 or 9 minutes. As my Mother says, it should be the texture of your earlobe when it’s done kneading.

When you finish this part put it back in the bowl and cover it with a slightly damp towel.

Step 4: Let It Rise…

Baking bread - Let It Rise

let the dough rise in a warm place for about 45 minutes to an hour. the dough should be about doubled in size by the time it’s finished.

Step 5: Into the Pans

Baking bread - Into the Pans

Punch the dough down (Yes, punch it. Beat the heck out of it. Just don’t make a mess), then divide it into 3 parts. Spray the pans and put the dough in. Let it rise again in the pans (covered) until it looks like the second picture.

Step 6: Into the Oven

Baking bread - Into the Oven

Preheat your oven to 375 F and put the loaves in.
Bake them for about 25 minutes. Your quick read thermometer should read between 180 and 190 degrees. Pull the loaves out and place them on their sides on a rack, after a few seconds slide them out of the pans and onto the rack. Let them cool.

Step 7: Eat!


Inspired to baking bread on your own? There are many instructional videos and articles on the web.

But if you/your children would like to take it up as a career, invest in a good program with a proper TVET college/institute.

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Recession-proof TVET Jobs/Business With Early Childhood Education Course

Early Childhood Education Course
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Early Childhood Education Course Malaysia

We believe that early childhood education course (ECE) or also known as early childhood and care education (ECCE) (Pengasuhan dan Pendidikan Awak Kanak-kanak – T982-001-3:2017) & Preschool Teaching (Pendidikan Pra Sekolah – ET-012-3:2012) is a good choice, as a recession-proof career or business.

There is always a need

In a good economy, people send their children to preschool and early childhood education centre because they have some disposable income and have a need for child care and be educated, regardless of whether or not they’re a dual-income family. Conversely, if the economy is in a downturn, families that may not have been dual-income earners may suddenly need full-time child care due to a parent returning to the workforce. So the bottom line is, there is always a need.

The ability to grow regardless of the state of the economy

Not only is early childhood education and care a recession-proof business, but it also offers excellent growth opportunities. If you work hard to be found by parents searching for exceptional early childhood education and care, and give them a reason to entrust you with their children, then you will always be successful.


Early Childhood Care and Education

Early childhood care and education (ECCE)

In Malaysia, it is divided into two age groups, which is 0-4 years and 4-6 years old.

The first group (0-4 years), comes under the Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development (MWFCD) which coordinates national programmes on the growth and development of children. Through its Department of Social Welfare, MWFCD keeps a register of all childcare centres (also known as taska) in the country.

Pre-school education for the second group (4-6 years) comes under three ministries/agencies, i.e. the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Rural and Regional Development, and the National Unity Department.

The Malaysian government places a strong emphasis on early childhood care and education (ECCE) and has formulated the National Policy for Early Childhood Education. Under this policy, programs have been introduced to meet the diverse needs of the crucial early years of newborns until the age of six. These programmes provide a solid foundation for healthy growth and development which expose them to activities in nation-building and enhance their readiness for primary school education. The government’s involvement in early childhood care and education (ECCE) is evident from its numerous initiatives to make early childhood programmes more accessible especially for less fortunate children and those in rural areas. A significant amount of funds is also allocated for early childhood care and education (ECCE) every year.

Types of early childhood education and care Institutions

ECCE programmes in Malaysia are offered by two types of institutions, namely:

  • Childcare centres or nurseries or taska
  • Preschools or kindergartens or tadika

(A) Childcare Centres or Nurseries (Taska)

Childcare Centre Act 1984 has been reviewed and passed by the Parliament giving rise to the Childcare Centres (Amendment) Act 2007. Government-supported community childcare centres, subsidised workplace childcare centres and Quality Improvement Accreditation System (QIAS) have also being implemented.

In Malaysia, a legislative-approved childcare centre is defined as a premise at which four or more children under the age of four years from more than one household are received to be looked after for reward.

Childcare centres in Malaysia fall into four categories:

  • Government-owned childcare centres (Taska dalam komuniti since 2006)
  • Workplace childcare centres
  • Institution-based childcare centres with 10 children or more
  • Home-based childcare centres with fewer than 10 children

Under the law, all childcare centres need to be registered with the Department of Social Welfare (DSW) or more popularly known as Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat Malaysia (JKM) under the Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development (MWFCD). MWFCD is responsible for the approval and establishment of childcare centres in the country whilst JKM serves as the main regulator and coordinator of ECCE programmes.

In the plantation sector, childcare centres are provided free under the Standard Act, Minimum Housing and Workers Facilitation 1990 and monitored by the Ministry of Human Resources.

Categories of Childcare Centres

  • Workplace Childcare Centres
    With more and more women are engaged in active employment, MWFCD has been promoting the setting up of childcare at the workplace. For example, the government provides incentives in the form of a RM80,000 grant for the renovation and furnishing of childcare centres set up within government offices. Also, to encourage working mothers to utilise these centres, a subsidy of RM180 per month is given to government servants with monthly salaries below RM2000 who send their children to these centres.

    MWFCD also encourages the private sector to provide childcare facilities at the workplace for their employees. Incentives include 10% tax exemption on the cost of building the childcare centres for a period of 10 years.
  • Community Childcare Centres
    MWFCD has been setting up community childcare centres in urban and rural areas with the objective of providing quality childcare services that is more accessible and affordable to the local community. It aims to set up 10 new community childcare centres throughout the country every year. The centres use a curriculum set by MWFCD and is based on the active participation of the local community, parents, children, governmental agencies as well as private organisations. MWFCD has also proposed that every parliamentary area set up a community childcare centre.

    Families who send their children to community childcare centres would receive a monthly subsidy of RM180 per child if the family’s income is below RM2000 or RM1200 in urban and rural areas respectively. A grant of RM55,000 will also be given to those interested in setting up a community childcare centre.
  • Permata Negara Early Childhood Education and Care Centres
    The Permata Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) programme was initiated by YABhg. Datin Paduka Seri Rosmah Mansor and was introduced after it was approved by the Cabinet on 21 June 2006 with a grant of RM20 million. Themed ‘Every Child a Jewel’ (Setiap Anak Permata), the Permata Negara pilot project was launched at 14 locations in 2006, with at least one in each state- with the curriculum and teacher training spearheaded by Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris.

(B) Pre-schools or Kindergartens (Tadika) for children aged 4 to 6

Early childhood education for children aged 4-6 years comes under three ministries, i.e. the Ministry of Education; the Ministry of Rural and Regional Development; and the Department of National Unity. The pioneer in the setting up of preschools is the Ministry of Rural Development which began in the early 1970’s. There are currently 8307 preschools set up by this ministry which are commonly known as the KEMAS preschool. KEMAS preschools are located in rural or suburban areas and are set up based on requests by local authorities.

Under the Department of National Unity, PERPADUAN preschools were established in urban areas where ‘Rukun Tetangga’ (a friendly neighbourhood scheme) existed. At present, there are 1496 PERPADUAN preschools. In 1992, the Ministry of Education (MOE) started setting up preschools as an annex to existing primary schools through a pilot project. This was extended to the entire nation in 1993 and currently, there are about 5905 of such preschools. Other providers of preschool education include also the State Religious Department and ABIM (Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia).

Table 1.1 : The Three Main Types of Public Preschools in Malaysia (as at 2007)
Types of preschoolKEMAS preschoolsMOE preschoolsPERPADUAN preschools
Number of classes8307 classes5905 classes1496 classes
Percentage (by class)52.9%37.9%9.5%

What Qualifications Do You Need?

Basic childcare course (Kursus Asuhan Permata) approved by the Department of Social Welfare (JKM).

You are also encouraged (soon maybe compulsory) to pursue an early childhood education course that has the following qualifications:

Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia 3 in Early Childhood Care and Development Education (T982-001-3:2017) (1 year program) or equivalent, if you want to be an early childhood educator or taska owner.

You do not need SPM but basic 3M skills (Membaca, Menulis & Mengira is required and min age is 17 years old.
Depending on institution that you select, lectures may be delivered in BM or English)


Diploma in Early Childhood Education Course (2.5 years program), if you want to teach in kindergarten

Entry Requirements:

  • 3 Credits in SPM or equivalent; or
  • 2 Credits in SPM and 3 years of working experience with young children; or
  • 1 Credit in SPM and 5 years of working experience with young children
  • Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia 3 or Sijil Kolej Komuniti (Level 3, MQF) in a related field and pass in SPM with at least credit in one (1) subject
  • Admission through Accreditation of Prior Learning Experience or APEL: 1 credit and 5 years related learning/working experience

Career Prospects:

  • Author of Children’s Books
  • Au Pair
  • Art Instructor
  • Children’s Television Broadcaster
  • Curriculum Developer /Trainers
  • Consultant
  • Journalist
  • Lecturer
  • Marketing
  • Nutritionist
  • Parenting Coach
  • Product Developer
  • Experimental Coach
  • Event Management
  • Educator
  • Entertainer
  • Instructor
  • Instructional Designer
  • Researcher
  • Social Workers
  • Teacher / Principal
  • Voice Talent
Register Now Sticker GIF by scvaughn | Gfycat

Source: Schools of Malaysia Directory 3rd Ed, Unirazak, Dika College

Note: The demand is so high that we are also getting enquiries for colleges (IPTS) that is going for sale that offers early childhood education course.

How to Tackle This MCO and Come Out Significantly Richer with More Students

Get more students despite MCO?

Malaysia has been imposed with Movement Control Order (MCO) since 18th March 2020 and now has been extended to 14th April 2020. Will it be extended? Yes, there’s a possibility for another 2 weeks, depending on when our numbers peak.

Some of the higher learning institutions, such as the highly renowned Massachusetts Institute of Technology or even local private universities like Universiti Tun Abdul Razak does offer online/online distance learning or blended learning (URise program) even before the outbreak of the coronavirus. If you are an IPTS/IPTA and have not embraced technology as part of your delivery, better use this opportunity to do it now.

What about TVET institutions? Though it’s harder, it’s not totally impossible with AR/VR technologies that are available (though the cost may be an issue since it’s not widely adopted yet). TVET institutions should also harness video conferencing technology like Zoom to conduct lectures, esp theoretical in nature. Google Classroom may also be used to deliver lecture notes and assignments (There is a variety of suitable online and social media platforms to plan, instruct and assign homework to students)

Zoom: Host online meetings from anywhere | finder Malaysia
Great video conferencing tool, free up to 100 participants at any time but limited to 40 minutes/session
Classroom: manage teaching and learning | Google for Education
Great tool to manage teaching & learning

However, there are differences in accessing technology among teachers, parents and students. In considering students with limited Internet access, teachers can assign them activities using textbooks, workbooks, exercise books and activity books, ensuring no student is left behind in their studies.

That’s in terms of delivery to existing students. What about the recruitment of future students? The economy looks bleak & world recession seems unavoidable.

What’s a recession? It’s a constriction of economic activity which means people are spending less money & companies are making fewer profits. Now, normally it takes many months for people’s confidence to come back, for them to spend money again. But this time is different. It is not a financial crisis, not an economic crisis, it’s a health crisis!

More Students with Economic Crisis

So people are not spending money because they can’t go out, they are stuck at home@stayathome, they are quarantined!
What do you think would happen when this crisis is over?

That’s right, there’s gonna be a lot of pent up demand! People are going to run out there, going back to their favourite kepci (KFC) & mekdi (McD), travelling or going cruise again. And for those students who have been unable to visit institutions during the Open Day in March, they would be hungry to visit your institution, provided you have built the awareness and done enough telemarketing or online marketing during this MCO!

Now how long will it take this crisis to be resolved? No one can be sure but let’s look at China. They managed to resolve the crisis in less than 3 months because they shut the cities down. And I believe with Malaysia’s tough measures on the MCO, we will be able to overcome this within the same period, or even faster.

But are you ready when the MCO is over? If you’re not, too bad. Opportunity goes to those who are prepared.

So, if your marketing staffs are doing nothing at home now due to low/no leads, you better take action now! Grab quality student data FAST before your competitor does it.

Call/WhatsApp or email to ismarteducare @ to supercharge your institution/college with more students NOW!

Kursus kemahiran/TVET – Awam ke Swasta?

Mengikut kaji selidik ringkas yang dilakukan di 3 kumpulan Facebook yang bertemakan TVET, didapati berikut adalah 5 faktor utama mengapa pelajar pilih pusat latihan kemahiran swasta berbanding awam.

1. Pelajar rata-ratanya tidak tahu kewujudan PB Awam tersebut (Berita baik, anda boleh rujuk di laman ni – SILA HUBUNGI Institutsi Kerajaan tersebut sendiri untuk tanya program yang anda minat nak ambil, JANGAN tanya min ya kerana min telah beri senarai tu di bawah. Kalau takda link/no diberi, sila Google untuk dapatkan lebih maklumat)
2. PB Awam yang diingini/dipilih tidak menawarkan program yang diminati oleh pelajar
3. PB memilih pelajar tertentu sahaja walaupun pemohon memenuhi kriteria yang telah ditetapkan (ni min sendiri pun tak faham kenapa??)
Mungkin ke pasal syarat lulus SPM BM/Sejarah?
4. Pelajar tak tahu beza PB awam dan swasta??
5. PB swasta di lokasi yang strategik serta mengeluarkan graduan yang lebih berdaya saing

* Untuk 2,3 & 4, jika anda ada bajet/mampu untuk bayar yuran kursus ataupun sanggup ambil pinjaman PTPK (kalau ada kuota), sila isi Borang Permohonan Kursus Kemahiran – Berbayar  atau emel kepada admin butiran anda seperti berikut:
a. Nama
b. Emel & Tel
c. Bajet
d. Nama program yg diminati (maksimum 3)
e. Lokasi kursus yang diingini
f.  Kelayakan akademik/kemahiran
g. Perlu Pinjaman PTPK tak

Berminat untuk menyambung pengajian dalam bidang kemahiran di ILKA melalui permohonan UPU 2020 online? Berikut dikongsikan Senarai ILKA iaitu nama Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Awam Di Malaysia buat panduan pelajar. Empat (4) institusi kemahiran yang digolongkan dalam ILKA adaah Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Belia dan Sukan (ILKBS), Institusi Latihan Jabatan Tenaga Manusia (ILJTM), Bahagian Latihan Kemahiran Pertanian (BLKP) dan Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA).

Permohonan kemasukan ke ILKA dibuat dalam 2 kali setahun iaitu sesi Januari dan Jun/ Julai. Kursus pengajian yang ditawarkan adalah untuk Program bertaraf Sijil dan Diploma yang berbentuk kemahiran mengikut bidang tertentu.

Senarai ILKA

Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Awam (ILKA)

Berikut dikongsikan senarai ILKA yang terdapat di Malaysia. Klik link yang berwarna merah untuk mendapatkan maklumat lanjut seperti nama dan alamat institusi, kursus yang ditawarkan serta panduan memohon.

Senarai ILKA Di Malaysia

Berikut adalah senarai Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Awam (ILKA) yang terdapat di Malaysia untuk mereka yang berhajat menyambung pengajian kemahiran peringkat Sijil dan Diploma.

i) Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Belia dan Sukan (ILKBS)

Bahagian Pembangunan Kemahiran Belia (BPKB) melalui Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Belia dan Sukan (ILKBS) menawarkan latihan amali serta praktikal bagi menyediakan golongan belia dengan kemahiran-kemahiran yang diperlukan untuk terus menyertai kerjaya terpilih setelah tamat pengajian.

ILKBS dibahagiakan kepada IKBN, IKTBN dan AKBG

  • Kursus kemahiran sepenuh masa di Institut Kemahiran Belia Negara (IKTBN/IKBN)
  • Kursus Bina Insan (kepimpinan, keusahawanan, disiplin) kepada belia
  • Kemahiran Jangka Pendek khas yang disesuaikan kepada belia
  • Kursus Kemahiran di institusi swasta (program tajaan pelatih)

Senarai ILKBS

ii) Institusi Latihan Jabatan Tenaga Manusia (ILJTM) : Senarai ILKA

JTM diwujudkan untuk melahirkan tenaga mahir negara dari peringkat sijil latihan hinggalah Diploma Lanjutan dalam pelbagai bidang kursus kemahiran. Oleh kerana dengan perubahan teknologi yang begitu pesat dan keperluan tenaga kerja mahir yang mendesak, maka JTM telah menubuhkan beberapa institusi latihan diseluruh negara.

Senarai ILJTM

iii) Bahagian Latihan Kemahiran Pertanian (BLKP)

iv) Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA)

Objektif institusi kemahiran di bawah MARA adalah :-

  • Membangun dan melaksanakan Program Pendidikan Teknikal dan Vokasional yang berkualiti serta diiktiraf ke arah menyediakan kerjaya berpendapatan tinggi
  • Menambah bilangan penglibatan bumiputera dalam pelbagai bidang teknikal di industri
  • Menyediakan kemudahan latihan dan infrastruktur yang selari dengan perkembangan teknologi dan keperluan semasa
  • Meningkatkan kompetensi pengajar bagi memenuhi keperluan i-pengajar
  • Melahirkan potential technopreneur yang berdaya saing dan berdaya tahan
  • Menyediakan peluang pembelajaran sepanjang hayat

Senarai IPMa

Senarai ILKA Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Awam Di Malaysia

Cara Membuat Permohonan Kemasukan Ke ILKA

  • Permohonan kemasukan ke ILKA dibuat dalam 2 sesi iaitu sesi Jun/ Julai melalui permohonan UPU online dan sesi Januari melalui Laman web ILKA yang berkenaan.

Semoga perkongsian Senarai ILKA Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Awam Di Malaysia boleh dijadikan panduan buat pelajar yang ingin menyambung pengajian di sini. Selamat membuat permohonan kemasukan melalui UPU online dan secara terus ke ILKA yang berkaitan mengikut tarik yang diumumkan.


Huge potential in new collar jobs for Malaysians

KUALA LUMPUR (Feb 13): Malaysians should capitalise on new collar job opportunities to earn higher salaries and improve their long-term prospects.

In an interview with Bernama recently, Human Resources Minister M Kula Segaran said new collar vocations have great potential in terms of income and future prospects.

“Take plumbing as an example. We tend to view it as a low-class job but these days, we have to make an appointment with them (in case a plumber’s services is needed). This is because plumbing is a very specialised field.

“And recently, I met a journalist who is in his 30s and who is taking up a part-time course to become a chargeman due to his interest in that field. He would work during the day and study at night. He told me he could earn more as a chargeman,” he related.

In an article titled New-Collar Workers — Who are They and How are They Contributing to Our Labor Shortage? in the January 2019 edition of Forbes magazine, the writer Scholley Bubenik defined new collar worker as an “individual who develops the technical and soft skills needed to work in technology jobs through non-traditional education paths”.

New collar workers, wrote Bubenik, do not have a four-year degree from a college. “Instead, the new collar worker is trained through community colleges, vocational schools, software boot camps, technical certification programs, high school technical education and on-the-job apprentices and internships.”


Malaysia is currently focusing on technical and vocational education and training (TVET) programmes to equip its human capital with the necessary technical and vocational skills. It is imperative that Malaysia increases its skilled workforce because it is projected that 60% of jobs created under the 11th Malaysia Plan (2016-2020) will require human capital with technical and vocational skills.

Currently, Malaysia’s skilled workforce stands at 28%, whereas advanced nations like Germany’s has reached 51%.

Under the Shared Prosperity Vision (SPV) 2030 launched by the government last October, the nation hopes to raise its skilled workforce to 35% in 10 years.

Kula Segaran said: “We must take note of what the ILO (International Labour Organisation) has said… it said 15 years from now, there is a great possibility that 15% to 30% of courses currently offered by universities may not be needed in the employment sector.

“However, the interesting thing is that the ILO has guaranteed that TVET courses will (continue) to remain relevant.”

The minister also reiterated the importance of skilling, upskilling, reskilling and cross-skilling, pointing out that today’s job landscape allowed employees to enhance their value by acquiring skills, improving their existing skills, learning new skills and mastering skills across fields.

He said the four processes would be among the areas of focus under SPV 2030 and it is expected to benefit some 15 million workers who wish to add value to their employability.


According to Kula Segaran, 96% of students graduating from skills training institutes are offered jobs soon after completing their studies. In fact, they often get multiple job offers.

Workers who go for further training to improve their skills are also highly employable and face better mobility in the job market.

The minister also urged Malaysians wishing to pursue TVET courses to treat the Manpower Department’s Industrial Training Institutes (ILP) as their institute of choice.

“These institutes are not only located in Kuala Lumpur but also in other towns such as Kota Bharu, Kuala Terengganu, Skudai, Ipoh, Taiping, Penang, Tawau and Sandakan. What is more, these areas have their own industrial networks,” he said, adding that the ILP students are fully sponsored by the government and are even given hostel facilities.

However, he added, despite the facilities provided, the institutes are not filled to capacity, with only 70% to 80% of the seats for its various TVET courses taken up.

Kula Segaran said he has instructed the institutes to operate until 11pm to enable working people to attend courses after work. The ministry is also busy promoting the institutes through the media, roadshows and collaborations with non-governmental organisations (NGOs).

Its efforts have borne fruit as enrolments rose to 18,000 in 2019 from about 16,000 in 2016.

“We hope the enrolment for this year will go up to 20,000,” he said, adding that the authorities were in discussions with Genting Malaysia Bhd, which requires more than 1,000 technical staff, to hire ILP trainees.

“The pay is good, the work is enjoyable and the weather is cool over there.”


Kula Segaran also said his ministry is helping students from Orang Asli communities to enrol at the Industrial Training Institutes. In 2018, eight Orang Asli from settlements in Cameron Highlands, Tapah and Gerik were enrolled in the ILP in Ipoh, Perak. Presently, 17 Orang Asli students are undergoing training at the institute.

“Just recently I was told that there have been requests from Orang Asli to enrol in TVET centres in Kelantan, Negeri Sembilan and Selangor. They can enrol in any TVET centre and not necessarily in ILP. Selangor, for instance, has many centres that provide training in vocational and technical courses,” he said.

They are given the option to pursue a course in welding, hairdressing, beauty treatments, mechatronics, electronics, electrical wiring or electrical chargeman.

“I hope in future hundreds of Orang Asli will get to acquire skills at the various ILP located nationwide. It will help to improve the socio-economic status of their families,” he added.

Kula Segaran also said that every Tuesday, his ministry would have an open day to meet clients and stakeholders who needed their advisory services.

Every Tuesday, officials from departments and agencies under the Human Resources Ministry and relevant NGOs would be present at the lobby at the ministry’s building in Putrajaya to offer their services.

In fact, the minister himself makes it a point to be present to meet the people who require the services of his ministry.

“We’re trying to make it more convenient for the people. I think it’s important that we not only help people who have issues with our ministry but also other ministries because their problems could be interlinked with others.

“For example, someone has an issue concerning the hiring of foreign workers… this doesn’t involve my ministry alone but also KDN (Ministry of Home Affairs) because the approval comes from KDN. So it (the open day) is a one-stop centre kind of thing and people come from all around the country to see us. It’s challenging but there is a happy ending when we make it fruitful for them,” he added.


Standard Kemahiran Pekerjaan Kebangsaan (NOSS) – Ciri, kegunaan & kepentingannya

Apakah ciri, kegunaan dan kepentingan NOSS?

Definisi NOSS

ciri kegunaan kepentingan noss
Daftar NOSS terkini (Ogos 2019)

Singkatan daripada National Occupational Skills Standard (NOSS) atau Standard Kemahiran Pekerjaan Kebangsaan. NOSS adalah dokumen yang menggariskan ketrampilan yang diperlukan oleh seseorang pekerja mahir yang bekerja di Malaysia bagi sesuatu bidang dan tahap pekerjaan serta laluan untuk mencapai ketrampilan tersebut.

Ciri-Ciri Utama NOSS

✔️ Berasaskan keperluan pekerjaan.
✔️ Mengikut struktur kerjaya di dalam sesuatu bidang pekerjaan.
✔️ Disediakan oleh pakar industri dan pekerja mahir yang menjalankan pekerjaan.

Standard kemahiran memberi manfaat kepada semua pihak yang berkepentingan. Kejayaan projek pembangunan standard kemahiran dan ianya berguna kepada masyarakat bergantung pada penyertaan penuh dan komitmen semua pihak yang berkepentingan.  Manfaat ini boleh digunakan sebagai penanda aras untuk menilai keberkesanan usaha bersama.

Kepentingan Kepada Majikan

  1. Menentukan tahap kemahiran tenaga kerja mahir
  2. Panduan menyenaraikan tugas dan skop kerja
  3. Menilai prestasi pekerja
  4. Menjimatkan kos dan masa melatih semula pekerja
  5. Meningkatkan kualiti produktiviti, inovasi dan daya saing

Kepentingan Kepada Pekerja

  1. Memberi maklumat skop tugas yang jelas
  2. Memberi maklumat peluang kerjaya dalam sektor yang berkaitan
  3. Membantu dalam peningkatan kerjaya
  4. Menjadi penanda aras prestasi kerja
  5. Membuat keputusan yang tepat bagi mengikut latihan yang sesuai untuk peningkatan kerjaya
  6. Membolehkan pekerja mengikuti latihan secara fleksibel berdasarkan unit kompetensi yang bersesuaian

Kepentingan Kepada Institusi Latihan Kemahiran / Pelatih

  1. Pembangunan kurikulum latihan yang tepat dan memenuhi kehendak industri
  2. Pusat latihan boleh merekabentuk program latihan sepenuh masa atau customised sejajar dengan keperluan industri
  3. Memahami dengan lebih jelas terhadap kemahiran yang diperlukan oleh industri
  4. Asas menilai keperluan latihan semula pengajar bagi memenuhi kehendak industri semasa
  5. Nasihat kerjaya yang tepat boleh diberi dengan efektif kepada pelatih

Namun, setelah tahu ciri, kegunaan dan kepentingan NOSS, anda masih perlu kenal pasti apa kod program yang ingin dimohon untuk:

1. SKM secara PPT
2. Belajar kursus kemahiran/TVET (Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia – SKM)
3. Pentauliahan sebagai Pusat Bertauliah JPK /TVET atau SLDN

Sila muat turun DAFTAR NOSS (NOSS Registry) dan KENALPASTI
kod program anda.
Samada nak beli di Putrajaya/ Cyberjaya atau pejabat wilayah, ATAU dari admin (emel sahaja jika admin ada stok), jika anda tidak ingin bersusah payah pandu ke sana, bayar tol dan penat cari tempat letak kereta yang sangat terhad dan kena jalan jauh!
Admin cuma menyediakan khidmat nilai tambah ni, jadi sila BELI NOSS anda dari JPK tapi kalau nak cepat, takda pilihan lain dalam tempoh Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan (Restriction Movement Order)

NOTA: Mulai 1/6/19, NOSS adalah RM20/Tahap

BARU – NOSS yang berkaitan dengan IR 4.0

Halatuju Lepasan SPM – Akademik atau TVET?

Tahniah kepada anda jika lulus SPM 2019 dengan cemerlang. Dengan keputusan yang baik, pilihan anda memanglah banyak.
Laluan akademik seperti Matrikulasi, Program Asasi, STAM/STPM dan Diploma Akademik adalah antara pilihan anda.
Namun, laluan TVET/program kemahiran yang menganugerahkan SKM. juga boleh dipertimbangkan.
Ya, jangan ingat program kemahiran cuma untuk mereka yang gagal/tidak cukup kredit untuk SPM.

Sejak keputusan SPM keluar pada 5 Mac 2020, ramai pelajar dan ibu bapa telah mesej, whatsapp atau hubungi min berkenaan kursus yang boleh diambil, terutamanya mereka yang tidak cukup kredit/gagal SPM Sejarah/BM.

Untuk pengetahuan anda, kursus kemahiran rata-ratanya cuma perlukan kemahiran 3M, boleh Membaca, Mengira & Menulis. Ini kerana fokus adalah pada kemahiran tangan/hands-on (70%) berbanding dengan teori (30%).

Dan untuk membantu anda/anak anda memilih kursus kemahiran/TVET, pertama sekali tanya anda/anak anda sendiri apakah minat atau hobinya.
Adalah lebih penting pemilihan kursus berdasarkan minat anda/anak anda, bukannya berdasarkan kursus apa yang paling panas/popular.

Berikut adalah beberapa contoh lazim pemilihan program (pencarian kursus di Pusat Bertauliah JPK adalah mengikut nama/kod program) berdasarkan minat:

Automotif – G452-002-2:2018 atau kod lama TP-300-2/2:2013 Servis Diagnostik – Kenderaan Ringan
Kimpalan – MC-024-2:2012 Proses Kimpalan Arka Kepingan Logam
Masakan/kulinari – HT-012-2:2012 Penyediaan & Pembuatan Makanan
Bakeri – HT-013-2:2011 Pembuatan Roti 
Kecantikan – MP-060-2:2013 Perkhidmatan Estetik
ECE – T982-001-3:2017 atau kod lama
Drone – H512-001-2:2019 (Drone Piloting/Mission Commanding) 

Anda juga boleh muat turun Daftar NOSS untuk mengetahui semua standard pekerjaan yang telah dibangunkan setakat ini (namun, tidak semua program ada penyedia latihannya).

Sekiranya anda tidak tahu di mana nak belajar kursus kemahiran tertentu, boleh isi borang tunjuk minat di sini (Swasta dan BERBAYAR shj).

Jika anda tiada bajet dan cuma mampu belajar di institut kemahiran awam, sila rujuk sini.

Akhir sekali, sekiranya anda dah ada SKM3 dan ke atas (DKM, DLKM) atau pengalaman industri >3 tahun, anda juga berpeluang untuk melanjutkan ke ijazah eksekutif (program URise) dari Universiti Tun Abdul Razak ataupun diploma, ijazah sarjana muda (Bachelors) & ijazah sarjana (Masters) melalui laluan APEL jika dah berumur 20,21 & 30 tahun masing-masing.

Jadi, SPM sudah bukan segala-galanya. Tanpa SPM juga boleh lanjutkan sehingga ke Universiti ya.

Is TVET route better since more and more graduates (academic) are facing unemployment in Malaysia?

Image credit: Unirazak

Referring to the article published by NST on 3/3/2020, our 21 public-sector universities and 38 private-sector universities produce something like 51,000 graduates a year, but nearly 60% remain unemployed one year after graduation, according to a study in 2018 conducted by the Minstry of Education Malaysia’s Graduate Tracer Study.

There are many factors contributing to this, such as mismatch of skills (most academic programs are based on theory only but not practical in the real world), poor language skills (especially English), interpersonal & communication skills etc.

However, those who studies TVET courses may have a better chance of being employed @ high marketability. There’s already pathway for TVET graduates to further study to University level (despite failing/no credit for History or BM for SPM, whether for management related programs like those offered by Unirazak or pure technical degrees leading to Bac of Technology, offered by the 4 public universities collectively known as MTUN.

So, even if you excel academically, academic route may not be the best choice except for certain professional programs like law, medicine, pharmacy etc where academic pathway is the only option.

There are hundreds of TVET/skills programs for you to choose from, you may refer to the National Occupation Skills Standards (NOSS) for a start/guide. However, not all programs are offered by the public & private TVET/skills centres, accredited by Department of Skills Development (DSD)@Jabatan Pembangunan Kemahiran (JPK).

If you need further counselling on what TVET/skills courses to pursue or consultation to set up a TVET/JPK accredited centre (make sure your program is at least 6 months – 1 year and available in the NOSS, feel free to contact us at various channels stated here.