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Vocational education and training sector is still missing out on government funding: report

There is a stark difference between schools, VET and higher education spending in Australia, according to our research published today.

The Mitchell Institute’s 2017 report shows that while spending on schools and higher education continues to grow, vocational education and training (VET) expenditure is going in the opposite direction. We are spending less on VET now than we were a decade ago, in real terms.


The chart below shows the trends in expenditure over an 11-year period to 2015-16. This analysis uses 2005-06 as the base index year. Indexing enables comparison of change over time from a common starting point, which is 100 here. So, an increase from 100 to 102 would represent a 2% increase. All expenditure values are in 2015-16 dollars, converted to real terms using a GDP deflator.



This analysis was done using Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data. While more detailed data are available for each education sector through different collections, the ABS applies the same method for estimating expenditure for each sector. This makes it the best means of making a comparison across schools, VET and higher education.

The figures include all expenditure by government entities – meaning by governments (to both public and private education providers) and also by public schools, TAFEs and universities. This gives us an approximate picture of where the dollars are flowing, and how this is changing over time.

What’s important here is the increasing disparity in expenditure growth between the sectors, particularly between VET and higher education.

VET missing out

This comparison confirms widespread concerns about VET going backwards. Expenditure in 2015-16 was 4.7% below the level in 2005-06.

This tells a worrying story about quality vocational education and training not being a priority for governments.

Key growth employment areas like aged care, early childhood education and hospitality rely on vocational training for skilled workers. Building up vocationally qualified workers in the growing service and caring industries will be essential, particularly as employment in the manufacturing sector declines.

Universities going from strength to strength

Higher education has followed a very different path. Spending has grown by 53% over the 11 years from 2005-06.

These figures include spending on more than just teaching and learning and universities have other significant sources of revenue, including international students.

Even so, it is clear that governments, and Australians collectively, are prioritising spending on university education over vocational training.

Early years catching up

This is the second time preschool has been included in this overview of education expenditure.

The chart below compares growth in expenditure on preschool, alongside the other education sectors over the same 11-year period.



Although coming off a much lower base, preschool spending grew rapidly following the National Partnership Agreement on Universal Access to Early Childhood Education in 2009. This growth reflects a growing awareness of the importance of the early years among governments.


This comparison shows where we are focusing our education resources as a nation.

These diverging patterns of expenditure across the education sectors reflect our longstanding fragmented approach to policy and funding, particularly at the tertiary level.

Under current policy settings, it is not hard to imagine the already considerable discrepancy between VET expenditure and higher education and school expenditure continuing to grow.

This report, the fourth in the series, should prompt government to consider a more strategic approach to distributing resources across the education sector.

The uneven approach between VET and higher education in particular reflects an ongoing failure to conceive of the two as part of a single tertiary education system.

This blindspot continues to act as a barrier to the creation of the responsive, integrated education and training system many are arguing is needed to sustain economic growth in a changing world.

Source: theconversation.com

Comment: Malaysia should be applauded for going the other way round but then, leakages are still rampant. Recent swindled fund of RM40 million from PTPK is a very good example. It has caused the private providers to have a very hard time recruiting students due to very low quota for funding

Lack of information hampers vocational training push

Vocational schools provide youths opportunities to acquire skills, such as hair styling and also small business opportunities. — Bernama picVocational schools provide youths opportunities to acquire skills, such as hair styling and also small business opportunities. — Bernama pic

IPOH, Nov 25 — Lack of information and inadequate career guidance have contributed to the decline of non-academically inclined secondary students taking up vocational courses.

Most said they were unaware of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) after completing their Form Three.

Kalaiarasan Pandian, 19, from Kampar, said he wasn’t aware of TVET programmes when he chose to stop schooling after Form Three.

“I was not aware of TVET courses and even my teachers did not suggest I take up vocational training.

“They only persuaded me to complete my studies until Form Five,” he told Malay Mail recently.

He also said he did not know where the TVET institutions were, and this hampered the process of applying for courses offered.

Kalaiarasan, now employed as a motorcycle mechanic, said he quit studying as his academic results were not up to mark and his parents could not provide financial support to further his studies.

On Monday, Deputy Education Minister Datuk P. Kamalanathan said only seven per cent of students across the country took up TVET after Form Three.

He also said the ministry took various steps to increase rural students’ enrolment in vocational colleges.

The measures were gaining popularity following broadcasts over radio channels, newspaper advertisements and collaboration with non-governmental organisations.

Teenager, Veenod Nathan,18, from Pusing, Perak, said he did not know about the TVET programme as there wasn’t much promotion on it.

“I’m not aware of  TVET courses and the vocational schools that I know are from my home.

“I quit school two years ago as I wasn’t performing well in studies and at the same time my father met with a bad accident.

“He could not go to work and I have to support my family by working,” he said.

Veenod who is working as a labourer in a warehouse said students who fared poorly in their studies might go for vocational courses if proper guidance were given to them.

Khoo See Nee, 28, who is also a school drop-out, lamented that vocational training such as TVET was not available during her schooling days.

“If I had this option back then, I would definitely have taken up vocational training,” she said.

Khoo said she did not pursue any other vocational education after coming out of school as her guardians could not support her.

Another dropout, who wished to be only known as Derrick, said he felt he had no purpose in life after gaining his SPM last year.

“I did not know what to do and I ended doing various jobs merely to pass time,” the 19-year-old said.

A relative then introduced Derrick to vocational studies.

Currently undergoing training to repair air conditioners and refrigerators in Kuala Lumpur, Derrick took a loan from Kojadi to subsidise the RM20,000 needed for the course.

Meanwhile, MCA Youth vocational education bureau committee member Jimmy Loh blamed parents and students for the lack of interest in vocational training.

“Parents prefer their children to follow the traditional path which can land them a degree but they are not aware that you can also earn a degree from vocational courses,” he said.

Students, he said, were not bothered to seek out information about vocational courses.

Source: http://www.themalaymailonline.com

 

Comments:

Well, not sure whether the students are internet savvy or not, if they are, hope they are able to see this article & here’s the directory of all the JPK Accredited Centres offering TVET programs in Malaysia, private & public.

As for funding, besides Kojadi (refer below), there are other avenues like
1) PTPK (Perbadanan Tabung Pembangunan Kemahiran),
2) SOCSO (children with parents that is)
a) Pencen ilat for contributors that is permanently disabled
b) Pencen penakat for widows
3) Respective state education funds


KOJADI

INTEREST CHARGES

  • Interest will be charged to the applicant’s loan account immediately after the disbursement of the loan.
  • The interest rate for the loan will be as follows :

For existing member of KOJADI with minumum 5 years membership:

1st year (Upon First release of loan) – 5.8% (on a monthly rest and reducing balance basis)

2nd year onwards until full settlement – 6.8% (on a monthly rest and reducing blance basis)

5.8% ~ 6.8% equivalent to 4.5% flat rate

For new member:

1st year (Upon First release of loan) – 6.8% (on a monthly rest and reducing balance basis)

2nd year onwards until full settlement – 7.8% (on a monthly rest and reducing blance basis)

6.8% ~ 7.8% equivalent to 5.8% flat rate

SERVICE OF LOAN INTEREST

Under specified circumstances, loan borrower is required to service loan interest during study period. The monthly interest is between RM100-RM300 depending on the loan amount applied for based the following table :-

Loan Amount Yes No
Below RM25,000 O
RM30,000 O (Course duration > 2 years) O (Course duration < 2 years)
Above RM35,000 O

REPAYMENT OF LOAN

The founding objective of KOJADI is to pool the resources among its members for mutual benefits. Prompt repayment of the loan will enable KOJADI to give similar financial aid to other members for further study.

The repayment of the loan will begin three (3) or six (6) months after graduation and the maximum repayment period shall not exceed 8 years.Depending on the amount of loan and the type of the loan, repayment will be as follows:
  • 1st year – RM200 or RM300 per month
  • 2nd year – RM300 or RM400 per month
  • 3rd year – RM400 or RM500 & above perm onth until full settlement
  • OR equal monthly instalments until full settlement.

FURTHER INFORMATION

The above particulars are subject to change. For further information, please call at out office at

Koperasi Jayadiri Malaysia Berhad (KOJADI)
11th Floor, Wisma MCA,
163 Jalan Ampang,
50450 Kuala Lumpur. Road Map
Tel : 03 – 2161 6499 (Membership and Loan Department)
Fax : 03 – 2162 1413

E-mail :
For Membership related enquiries : member@kojadi.com.my
For Education Loan application related enquiries : loan@kojadi.com.my