KUALA LUMPUR: Private Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) providers will need an allocation of at least RM1 billion a year for the next five years from the federal budget in order to support a total of 60,000 students, according to the Federation of JPK Accredited Centers Malaysia (FeMAC).
The amount is more than five times this year’s allocation of RM180 million to TVET providers.
FeMAC president P Sailanathan said the group has engaged and presented the figures to TVET task force chairman Nurul Izzah Anwar, who had said she would raise the issue in Parliament.
According to the federation, TVET providers are facing funding crunch. FeMAC alleges the TVET providers have yet to receive up to RM20 million of the total allocated funds since January this year.
“Only a selected few of us (private TVET providers) have received funding [but] a lot more were denied,” Sailanathan told the media yesterday.
So far, the Department of Skills Development and the Skills Development Fund Corp (PTPK) have been “pointing fingers at each other”, without having yet come to a positive outcome on when the remaining funds can be distributed, he added.
Although Minister of Human Resources M Kulasegaran recently said that his ministry has secured an additional RM140 million in funding from the finance ministry for TVET students and providers, the minister has so far not given a timeline for the disbursement, nor has it engaged with FeMAC on the matter.
“We are willing to cooperate, but there is no direction from the ministry. We are neither here nor there,” Sailanathan said, adding that many providers are on the verge of ceasing operations as the students are considering dropping out due to a lack of financial support and they can no longer afford to pay teachers.
To make matters worse, the students may often end up with a minimum of three overlapping loans as they are required to take a new loan for every level of vocational training, which usually amounts to four levels for a diploma.
Kulasegaran has proposed a fixed monthly repayment of RM100 for these students, but details are lacking on implementation.
Considering as many as 90% of TVET graduates find jobs within a year after completing their courses, Sailanathan does not foresee a major problem of them not repaying loans.
Currently, between 60,000 and 80,000 TVET students attend private TVET colleges, which are equivalent to about 13.3% to 17.8% of total tertiary-level students in Malaysia, according to data presented by FeMAC.
A total of about 45% of tertiary-level students in Malaysia are studying for TVET qualifications, compared to 55% at universities.
FeMAC, which represents about 350 private TVET providers out of 636 in total, has called for PTPK to be modelled after National Higher Education Fund Corp, with an abolishment of the current quota system.
Comment: I hope TVET task force chairman Nurul Izzah Anwar could set up a body for check & balance, to monitor the disbursements of the loan. Before this, my understanding is that those providers that are acting as AJK in FeMAC are getting priorities/more funding compared to other ordinary members. Some projects that were awarded to FeMAC mainly benefitted the AJK members. There has been complaints from ordinary members, citing that they didn’t get anything at all as ordinary members. Disclaimer: Admin is not part of FeMAC, only reporting based on what the TVET providers feedbacked to admin.
KUALA LUMPUR, April 10 — Barisan Nasional’s (BN) manifesto for the youths launched tonight has eight pledges, chief among them to strengthen rural economies, guarantee more job opportunities, and increase income and training for young workers.
The creation of ‘agropreneur’ and ‘seapreneur’
To assist youths in rural areas, BN Youth chief Khairy Jamaluddin has promised to allocate RM180 million to fund young farmers, expected to benefit up to 10,000 “agropreneurs”.
Another RM20 million will be allocated to fund “seapreneurs”, affecting up to 1,000 young fishermen.
To create this new breed of rural youth entrepreneurs, he has promised to expand the rural digital economy through various programmes such as eUsahawan, eRezeki and eLadang while making it cheaper for youths to obtain a B2 motorcycle license under the MyLesen programme.
At the manifesto launch tonight, Khairy echoed BN chairman Datuk Seri Najib Razak’s promise to Felda settlers with a RM5,000 incentive for all, special replanting grant and to write off all replanting debts as well as debts incurred in purchasing Felda Global Venture shares.
In the manifesto, he said: “By assisting the youths in rural areas in every district, we will generate more job opportunities and guarantee that rural youths will succeed in the digital world. We will assist farmers and fishermen with funds and training programmes.”
One million jobs for youths
BN has also promised that youths will be able to take part in national infrastructure mega projects. He expected this to be able to generate more job opportunities as well.
More than one million youths will also benefit and be able to obtain career opportunities under Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), as he plans on expanding the National TVET Boot Camp short courses and premises nationwide.
Another five million schoolchildren will be prepared with the relevant skill sets to face the Digital Industrial Revolution 4.0 while more than one million tertiary education students will be receiving PTPTN loans.
Khairy has also promised to create more high skill job opportunities by developing high tech industries and through MyInternship programme where university students have the opportunity to receive industrial training.
Boosting youth income
Young teachers can rejoice under BN’s leadership with the introduction of a special incentive if they hold tuition classes after school hours while reducing administrative duties.
Under the Fair Works Commission, Khairy promised to improve the market’s salary scale while increasing minimum wage.
He has also promised to reduce the nation’s reliance on foreign workers by 15 per cent. The ratio of employee compensation will also be increased up to 40 per cent of the national gross domestic product.
“We will begin to intervene on salary increment to improve the market’s salary scheme. We will also assist the youths to pick up new online skills or their productivity by assistance to purchase work related software.
“Companies are encouraged to offer flexible working hours and the youths have the opportunity to earn more income through the Orang-E portal,” he said in the manifesto.
Creating more youth entrepreneurs
BN will also allocated RM5 billion assistance into the Youth Entrepreneurial Network — a one-stop centre for all government agencies tasked with assisting young entrepreneurs. The network will reduce bureaucratic red tape while expediting approvals for assistance.
Tax exemption and a special fund will be granted to encourage renowned brands or companies to assist small time entrepreneurs while a digital transformation for the small and medium enterprises via grants and credit loan guarantee is expected to assist them gain access into the international market.
A special allocation for Sabah and Sarawak entrepreneurs will be made available under the National Development Fund where they will provide carve-out and compete initiatives.
Easing the burden of young families
Newly-wedded couples or those planning to get married will receive a financial assistance to ease wedding expenses.
A special parental course in 168 locations nationwide will also be made available for expecting parents while the existing ADAM50 initiative will increase the financial assistance for families with newborns.
Parents who save up for their children’s education will also enjoy a special incentive while children below 12 from low income families living in low cost housing schemes will have access to art and sports classes.
Micro-credit loan conditions specifically for part-time women entrepreneurs will be made available to encourage more women generate income.
Increasing quality of life
Like the main manifesto, affordable housing has received special attention from BN Youth. It has promised to increase the number of affordable homes, make rent more affordable, transit homes, rent-to-own homes and assisting them in getting deposits.
A special bank will be created to stimulate affordable home ownership. The bank will make loan processes for homes below RM300,000 easier.
Khairy also promised to reduce broadband subscription by 50 per cent while doubling its speed in phases. Public universities will be among the first to enjoy high speed internet access of 100 gigabit per second.
Under BN’s rule, each state constituency will enjoy a public internet centre with a minimum speed of 20 megabit per second.
No one left behind
To ensure that everyone will enjoy Malaysia’s economic success, Khairy has given his guarantee to a broad segment of Malaysian society that has been left behind and forgotten.
Islamic religious school graduates will be paired up with Halal Industry Companies while the Orang Asli youths will have job opportunities with green companies. Training will also be provided for disabled youths so they may enter the mainstream job market.
Former drug abusers, former juvenile convicts, the homeless and single teen mothers will also be granted a second chance through training programmes so they too may enter the mainstream job market.
Youth participation in national administration
Youths will also be able to decide on national and local agenda. Khairy promised to establish a Youth Local Council chaired by the local council presidents or mayor so they may debate issues pertaining to youths.
He also promised a 35 per cent youth participation on Rukun Tetangga leadership committees while under the Belia@Kabinet programme, the best ideas from youths voted under the MyCadang application will be submitted to the Cabinet on a monthly basis.