Tag Archives: Skills courses

How to Make Bread – Without Breadmaker in 7 Easy Steps (Home Baking)

Baking bread (and bun) without breadmaker (video)

If you’re looking to learn a
full time bakery or pastry course, you may leave your details here
Here’s another version of baking bun without breadmaker -11 year old Malaysian girl

Baking bread at home is simple and fun, you can learn And if you/your children intend to make a career out of baking or pastry production, there are proper skills/TVET courses that you/they can consider to pursue.

Eg. Pastry production course provides students the contemporary skills and techniques to prepare and present a wide variety of baking and pastry items suitable for a bakeshop, café or patisserie kitchen.

Successful graduates have a proven track record of succeeding in various industries ranging in top dining outlets, hospitality and food production, to manufacturing, vocational education and retail businesses, and even international competitions!

Baking bread without breadmaker (Instructional steps)

How to Make Bread without breadmaker
How to Make Bread without Breadmaker

This is an easy, basic recipe for bread that does not require much skill.

There are many ways to make bread and this is one of them (and in my opinion, a very simple way). Remember, bread making is not an exact science.

Step 1: Baking bread – Tools, Equipments & Materials (TEM)

Baking bread - TEM

You will need:

  • Yeast – 2 Tbsp
  • Hot-ish* water – 2 cups
  • Bread flour – 5 cups total, 2 for the sponge and 3 for later. (NOT regular flour)
  • Sugar – 2 Tbsp.
  • Salt – 2 tsp.
  • Oil – 2 Tbsp.
  • 3 loaf pans
  • Quick-read thermometer
  • Oven pre-heated to 375

*Hot-ish means between 95 and 115 degrees F. much colder and it won’t activate, much warmer and it will kill the little guys.

Step 2: Make the Sponge

Baking bread - Make the Sponge
Baking bread - Make the Sponge

This recipe uses what I call a “sponge.” The sponge will activate the yeast and get things started; getting the yeast warm, happy, and ready to go

Start by mixing the hot water and the flour. Then, add 2 Tbsp. sugar, 2 Tbsp. oil, 2 Tbsp. yeast, and 2 tsp. salt.

Let this sit for about 8 or 10 minutes. Assuming your water was hot enough, it should be nice and bubbly.

Step 3: Add Some Flour and Knead It

Baking bread - Knead It

Now you need to add about 3 more cups of flour. I added a little less this time, it really depends on the humidity and how exact your measurements were in the sponge step.

Once it gets too tough to stir, flip it onto a clean floured surface. Now, knead away, adding flour as you do so.
Knead the dough for 8 or 9 minutes. As my Mother says, it should be the texture of your earlobe when it’s done kneading.

When you finish this part put it back in the bowl and cover it with a slightly damp towel.

Step 4: Let It Rise…

Baking bread - Let It Rise

let the dough rise in a warm place for about 45 minutes to an hour. the dough should be about doubled in size by the time it’s finished.

Step 5: Into the Pans

Baking bread - Into the Pans

Punch the dough down (Yes, punch it. Beat the heck out of it. Just don’t make a mess), then divide it into 3 parts. Spray the pans and put the dough in. Let it rise again in the pans (covered) until it looks like the second picture.

Step 6: Into the Oven

Baking bread - Into the Oven

Preheat your oven to 375 F and put the loaves in.
Bake them for about 25 minutes. Your quick read thermometer should read between 180 and 190 degrees. Pull the loaves out and place them on their sides on a rack, after a few seconds slide them out of the pans and onto the rack. Let them cool.

Step 7: Eat!

Credit: https://www.instructables.com/

Inspired to baking bread on your own? There are many instructional videos and articles on the web.

But if you/your children would like to take it up as a career, invest in a good program with a proper TVET college/institute.

Odacité GIF - Find & Share on GIPHY

Kursus kemahiran/TVET 5 faktor utama mengapa pelajar pilih pusat latihan kemahiran swasta berbanding awam

Kursus Kemahiran/TVET

Sebelum bincang kursus kemahiran/TVET, baik anda tahu apa definisi kemahiran dan TVET.

Mengikut Kamus Bahasa Melayu Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, kemahiran bermakna kecekapan dan kepandaian melakukan sesuatu.

TVET (technical and vocational education and training) merupakan singkatan bagi Pendidikan dan Latihan Teknikal dan Vokasional. TVET adalah proses pendidikan dan latihan yang mempunyai hala tuju pekerjaan dengan penekanan utama terhadap amalan industri.

kursus kemahiran kulinari
Kursus Kemahiran - Automotif

Dalam konteks artikel ini, kursus kemahiran/TVET dipersijilkan dengan Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia (SKM) ataupun sijil teknikal yang dianugerahkan oleh institusi latihan tersebut.

kursus kemahiran - pusat kemahiran swasta berbanding awam
Mengikut kaji selidik ringkas yang dilakukan di 3 kumpulan Facebook yang bertemakan TVET, didapati berikut adalah 5 faktor utama mengapa pelajar pilih pusat latihan kemahiran swasta berbanding awam.

5 faktor utama mengapa pelajar belajar kursus kemahiran di pusat latihan kemahiran swasta berbanding awam

1. Pelajar rata-ratanya tidak tahu kewujudan PB Awam tersebut (Berita baik, anda boleh rujuk di laman ni – SILA HUBUNGI Institutsi Kerajaan tersebut sendiri untuk tanya program yang anda minat nak ambil, JANGAN tanya min ya kerana min telah beri senarai tu di bawah. Sila Google/hubungi institusi awam tersebut untuk dapatkan lebih maklumat)
2. PB Awam yang diingini/dipilih tidak menawarkan program yang diminati oleh pelajar
3. PB memilih pelajar tertentu sahaja walaupun pemohon memenuhi kriteria yang telah ditetapkan (ni min sendiri pun tak faham kenapa??)
Mungkin ke pasal syarat lulus SPM BM/Sejarah?
4. Pelajar tak tahu beza PB awam dan swasta??
5. PB swasta di lokasi yang strategik serta mengeluarkan graduan yang lebih berdaya saing

* Untuk 2,3 & 4, jika anda ada bajet/mampu untuk bayar yuran kursus ataupun sanggup ambil pinjaman PTPK (kalau ada kuota), sila isi Borang Permohonan Kursus Kemahiran – Berbayar  atau emel kepada admin butiran anda seperti berikut:
a. Nama
b. Emel & Tel
c. Bajet
d. Nama program yg diminati (maksimum 3)
e. Lokasi kursus yang diingini
f.  Kelayakan akademik/kemahiran
g. Perlu Pinjaman PTPK tak

Berminat untuk menyambung pengajian dalam bidang kemahiran di ILKA melalui permohonan UPU 2020 online? Berikut dikongsikan Senarai ILKA iaitu nama Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Awam Di Malaysia buat panduan pelajar. Empat (4) institusi kemahiran yang digolongkan dalam ILKA adaah Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Belia dan Sukan (ILKBS), Institusi Latihan Jabatan Tenaga Manusia (ILJTM), Bahagian Latihan Kemahiran Pertanian (BLKP) dan Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA).

Permohonan kemasukan ke ILKA dibuat dalam 2 kali setahun iaitu sesi Januari dan Jun/ Julai. Kursus pengajian yang ditawarkan adalah untuk Program bertaraf Sijil dan Diploma yang berbentuk kemahiran mengikut bidang tertentu.

Senarai ILKA

Kursus Kemahiran di Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Awam (ILKA)

Berikut dikongsikan senarai ILKA yang terdapat di Malaysia. Klik link yang diberi untuk mendapatkan maklumat lanjut seperti nama dan alamat institusi, kursus yang ditawarkan serta panduan memohon.

Senarai ILKA Di Malaysia

Berikut adalah senarai Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Awam (ILKA) yang terdapat di Malaysia untuk mereka yang berhajat menyambung pengajian kemahiran peringkat Sijil dan Diploma.

i) Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Belia dan Sukan (ILKBS)

Bahagian Pembangunan Kemahiran Belia (BPKB) melalui Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Belia dan Sukan (ILKBS) menawarkan latihan amali serta praktikal bagi menyediakan golongan belia dengan kemahiran-kemahiran yang diperlukan untuk terus menyertai kerjaya terpilih setelah tamat pengajian.

ILKBS dibahagiakan kepada IKBN, IKTBN dan AKBG

  • Kursus kemahiran sepenuh masa di Institut Kemahiran Belia Negara (IKTBN/IKBN)
  • Kursus Bina Insan (kepimpinan, keusahawanan, disiplin) kepada belia
  • Kemahiran Jangka Pendek khas yang disesuaikan kepada belia
  • Kursus Kemahiran di institusi swasta (program tajaan pelatih)

Senarai ILKBS

ii) Institusi Latihan Jabatan Tenaga Manusia (ILJTM) : Senarai ILKA

JTM diwujudkan untuk melahirkan tenaga mahir negara dari peringkat sijil latihan hinggalah Diploma Lanjutan dalam pelbagai bidang kursus kemahiran. Oleh kerana dengan perubahan teknologi yang begitu pesat dan keperluan tenaga kerja mahir yang mendesak, maka JTM telah menubuhkan beberapa institusi latihan diseluruh negara.

Senarai ILJTM

iii) Bahagian Latihan Kemahiran Pertanian (BLKP)

iv) Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA)

Objektif institusi kemahiran di bawah MARA adalah :-

  • Membangun dan melaksanakan Program Pendidikan Teknikal dan Vokasional yang berkualiti serta diiktiraf ke arah menyediakan kerjaya berpendapatan tinggi
  • Menambah bilangan penglibatan bumiputera dalam pelbagai bidang teknikal di industri
  • Menyediakan kemudahan latihan dan infrastruktur yang selari dengan perkembangan teknologi dan keperluan semasa
  • Meningkatkan kompetensi pengajar bagi memenuhi keperluan i-pengajar
  • Melahirkan potential technopreneur yang berdaya saing dan berdaya tahan
  • Menyediakan peluang pembelajaran sepanjang hayat

Senarai IPMa

Senarai ILKA Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Awam Di Malaysia

Cara Membuat Permohonan Kemasukan Ke ILKA

  • Permohonan kemasukan ke ILKA dibuat dalam 2 sesi iaitu sesi Jun/ Julai melalui permohonan UPU online dan sesi Januari melalui Laman web ILKA yang berkenaan.

Semoga perkongsian Senarai ILKA Institusi Latihan Kemahiran Awam Di Malaysia (dan juga TVET) boleh dijadikan panduan buat pelajar yang ingin menyambung pengajian di sini. Selamat membuat permohonan kemasukan melalui UPU online dan secara terus ke ILKA yang berkaitan mengikut tarik yang diumumkan.

Sumber: https://www.infoupu.com/senarai-ilka-institusi-latihan-kemahiran

Standard Kemahiran Pekerjaan Kebangsaan (NOSS) – Ciri, kegunaan & kepentingannya

Apakah ciri, kegunaan dan kepentingan NOSS?

Definisi NOSS

ciri kegunaan kepentingan noss
Daftar NOSS terkini (Ogos 2019)

Singkatan daripada National Occupational Skills Standard (NOSS) atau Standard Kemahiran Pekerjaan Kebangsaan. NOSS adalah dokumen yang menggariskan ketrampilan yang diperlukan oleh seseorang pekerja mahir yang bekerja di Malaysia bagi sesuatu bidang dan tahap pekerjaan serta laluan untuk mencapai ketrampilan tersebut.

Ciri-Ciri Utama NOSS

✔️ Berasaskan keperluan pekerjaan.
✔️ Mengikut struktur kerjaya di dalam sesuatu bidang pekerjaan.
✔️ Disediakan oleh pakar industri dan pekerja mahir yang menjalankan pekerjaan.

KELEBIHAN DAN KEGUNAAN STANDARD KEMAHIRAN
Standard kemahiran memberi manfaat kepada semua pihak yang berkepentingan. Kejayaan projek pembangunan standard kemahiran dan ianya berguna kepada masyarakat bergantung pada penyertaan penuh dan komitmen semua pihak yang berkepentingan.  Manfaat ini boleh digunakan sebagai penanda aras untuk menilai keberkesanan usaha bersama.

Kepentingan Kepada Majikan

  1. Menentukan tahap kemahiran tenaga kerja mahir
  2. Panduan menyenaraikan tugas dan skop kerja
  3. Menilai prestasi pekerja
  4. Menjimatkan kos dan masa melatih semula pekerja
  5. Meningkatkan kualiti produktiviti, inovasi dan daya saing

Kepentingan Kepada Pekerja

  1. Memberi maklumat skop tugas yang jelas
  2. Memberi maklumat peluang kerjaya dalam sektor yang berkaitan
  3. Membantu dalam peningkatan kerjaya
  4. Menjadi penanda aras prestasi kerja
  5. Membuat keputusan yang tepat bagi mengikut latihan yang sesuai untuk peningkatan kerjaya
  6. Membolehkan pekerja mengikuti latihan secara fleksibel berdasarkan unit kompetensi yang bersesuaian

Kepentingan Kepada Institusi Latihan Kemahiran / Pelatih

  1. Pembangunan kurikulum latihan yang tepat dan memenuhi kehendak industri
  2. Pusat latihan boleh merekabentuk program latihan sepenuh masa atau customised sejajar dengan keperluan industri
  3. Memahami dengan lebih jelas terhadap kemahiran yang diperlukan oleh industri
  4. Asas menilai keperluan latihan semula pengajar bagi memenuhi kehendak industri semasa
  5. Nasihat kerjaya yang tepat boleh diberi dengan efektif kepada pelatih

Namun, setelah tahu ciri, kegunaan dan kepentingan NOSS, anda masih perlu kenal pasti apa kod program yang ingin dimohon untuk:

1. SKM secara PPT
2. Belajar kursus kemahiran/TVET (Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia – SKM)
3. Pentauliahan sebagai Pusat Bertauliah JPK /TVET atau SLDN

Sila muat turun DAFTAR NOSS (NOSS Registry) dan KENALPASTI
kod program anda.
Samada nak beli di Putrajaya/ Cyberjaya atau pejabat wilayah, ATAU dari admin (emel sahaja jika admin ada stok), jika anda tidak ingin bersusah payah pandu ke sana, bayar tol dan penat cari tempat letak kereta yang sangat terhad dan kena jalan jauh!
Admin cuma menyediakan khidmat nilai tambah ni, jadi sila BELI NOSS anda dari JPK tapi kalau nak cepat, takda pilihan lain dalam tempoh Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan (Restriction Movement Order)

NOTA: Mulai 1/6/19, NOSS adalah RM20/Tahap

BARU – NOSS yang berkaitan dengan IR 4.0

Poor SPM Results? Here’s What You Can Do Next To Further Your Education, ALL The Way to DEGREE! (Updated from 2019)

Updated from 2019’s post

Poor SPM Results? What’s Next?

So, the day of reckoning is over and you’ve gotten your SPM results.

If your results aren’t as you expected, or if you fell short on some subjects that you thought you could have scored, it’s okay to feel gloomy or guilty that you didn’t utilise more of your time to study.

But after a week of being down in the dumps, it’s probably time for you to pick yourself up again. After all, SPM is just a small test in the grand scheme of things. Chances are, no one is going to harass you about it before the year ends.

So instead of crying about it, here are 5 things you can do if your SPM results are not as good as you anticipated.

#1. Appeal your grades

Poor spm result what to do next - 1 Appeal your grades

If you are seeking to meet the entry requirements for your desired pre-university course, or if you think your grades are right below the borderline to a higher grade, you can try getting your paper marked again.

With a fee to part with (RM100 per subject), you can have your papers remarked and hopefully (fingers crossed!), you will be able to attain a higher grade that will open doors to various opportunities.

To submit an appeal, you will need to fill up a form called Borang Permohonan Penyemakan Semula Keputusan Peperiksaan/Kes T, which is on the Board of Examination Malaysia (Lembaga Peperiksaan Malaysia) website. You can also find it at any of these places:

  • Your school
  • Assessment and Examination Unit / Sector (Sektor / Unit Penilaian dan Peperiksaan)
  • State Department of Education (Jabatan Pendidikan Negeri)
  • Examination review counter in the Board of Examination Malaysia in Putrajaya (Kaunter Semak Semula Lembaga Peperiksaan Putrajaya)

You need to make sure that your form reaches the Board of Examination Malaysia’s office within 30 days after SPM results are announced or else it will not be processed. Your reviewed results will be posted to you 2 months after the appeal deadline. Ensure that you attach the following required documents:

  • verified copy of your official SPM 2019 results
  • verified certificate or copy of your pentaksiran berdasarkan sekolah (PBS) or school-based assessments by your school principal or Pegawai Kerajaan Kumpulan A

*Incomplete forms will not be processed.

#2. Retake your subjects

Poor spm result what to do next - 2 Retake your subjects

If you are not confident that having your papers reviewed will improve your grades, or if you want to aim for a higher grade, perhaps you can choose to resit your papers.

For a step-by-step guide on repeating your SPM subjects, click here.

Do note that for SPM Ulangan in Junethere are only 3 subjects that you can register for. These include:

  • Mathematics
  • Bahasa Melayu
  • Sejarah

If you’d like to retake papers for other subjects, you will need to register as an SPM private candidate and sit for the papers with the rest of the present year SPM students in November / December.

You will need to consider this option thoroughly as it will take another year for you to obtain better grades. By then, your peers may have already completed a year of their pre-university studies so be sure to make it count!  

Resitting papers is usually for students who are looking to enter specific pre-university or degree courses. So if you are looking to study a foundation course and you’re just shy of one credit, this is an option you can consider!

#3. Pursue diploma or certificate courses

Poor spm result what to do next - 3 Pursue diploma or certificate courses

If you’re missing a couple of credits from your SPM slip, you can also consider other pathways, such as pursuing a diploma or certificate. After all, they can still lead you to selected degree courses.

For a start, a diploma only requires 3 credits at SPM. Upon completion, you can then progress to the second year of a relevant degree. This makes your total study duration similar to taking a foundation then a degree.

Certificate courses, on the other hand, typically require only 1 credit, as long as you pass Bahasa Melayu and History. Completing a certificate will allow you to progress to a diploma and subsequently a degree.

So if you think retaking your papers will not change your grades, you may consider these alternatives, provided that you meet the entry requirements.

#4. Pursue skills/TVET certificate & diploma courses

If you don’t have enough credits but intend to pursue an academic diploma, some University or University Colleges also accept Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia (SKM) as an entrance requirement.

No worries, if you don’t have any credit or worse still, failed in your SPM (parents force you to complete SPM despite your interest is in skills based programs), you can always pursue your interest in skills/TVET courses.

Remember, pursuing skills/TVET courses should not be your last resort but must be your interest. Studies has shown that graduates with skills are much more employable – 80 to 90 per cent of them are able to get a job after six months upon graduation (vs graduates from academic background. Those taking cert/diploma/degree in business studies, marketing, information technology, social science courses will find it hard to land a job, unlike those who take Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET) courses.

#5. Contact us (Finding TVET course despite poor SPM results)

If you are undecided on what course or where to pursue your TVET/skills courses, you can get in touch with us here or call us at +6012 3123430. We will be happy to help!

At the end of the day, it doesn’t matter if your SPM results are good or bad because it’s not the end of the road yet. There are still plenty of things you can do to secure your future. Many have managed to become successful, even without a string of As.

Credit: https://eduadvisor.my (Points 1-3 are from them)

Dr M: TVET to be prioritised to enhance people’s income

Watch the video at Astro Awani‘s FB Page on Shared Prosperity Vision

Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad said the move was important to “upskill” the people to be more capable and efficient, and be able to do more “sophisticated work”. – NSTP/MOHD FADLI HAMZAH


PUTRAJAYA: The government will place priority on technical and vocational education and training (TVET), in efforts to increase the people’s income, under the Shared Prosperity Vision.

Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad said the move was important to “upskill” the people to be more capable and efficient, and be able to do more “sophisticated work”.

“The income gap between the rich and poor is too wide so we need to increase the people’s income.

“But we don’t want to do this by just increasing wages but (we want) to improve their capacity so that they are more productive, and give them training so that they are more capable and efficient.

“For example, we are already in the aerospace industry, and even some parts of airplane engines assembly are being done in Malaysia.” he said this after chairing a special cabinet meeting on the Shared Prosperity Vision here, yesterday.

Dr Mahathir said the cabinet has agreed that TVET played an important role in improving the skills of workers and that training must be made a priority.

“Our (2020) Budget would prioritise such areas. If there is not enough money for all, we would have to lessen the budget for other areas with lesser priority,” he added.

Dr Mahathir said the government would also give focus to poorer states, reducing wealth disparities from richer states.

He listed Kelantan, Perlis and Kedah as among the three poorest states in Malaysia.

“Another gap is between the urban and rural areas, where those living in urban areas are richer than those staying in the rural areas.

“So a programme must be created to increase the income of those living in the rural areas,” Dr Mahathir added.

In explaining further, Economic Affairs Minister Datuk Seri Mohamed Azmin Ali said the government would apply the spirit of shared prosperity in the 2020 Budget, and prioritise sectors such as TVET and skills training.

“This will be given consideration by the Finance Ministry to be refined in the 2020 Budget.”

The Shared Prosperity Vision was announced by Dr Mahathir at the tabling of the mid-term review of the 11th Malaysia Plan in October 2018 in Parliament.

Its framework was also explained by the prime minister in his May 9 speech earlier this year in conjunction with Pakatan Harapan’s one year in government.

The Shared Prosperity Vision will encompass the 12th and 13th Malaysia Plans, spanning 10 years from 2021 to 2031.

Source: https://www.nst.com.my/

Comment: Not sure how the government is going to prioritise the TVET sector. As Tun M mentioned that if budget is insufficient for all, then it has to be channeled to the priority sectors. So I would assume that more funds are to be allocated to the sector, such as more funds to PTPK to loan students, especially from the B40, which are mainly from rural areas & also the urban poor. Hopefully this would then enhance this group’s earning capability and reduce the income gap.

For the benefit/knowledge of those outside TVET industry, insufficient PTPK loan in the past 1-2 years has caused many students (esp B40 group) that is interested to pursue
TVET courses unable to continue their studies at private & government TVET institutions.

This has an economic & social impact:


1. Economic
Effect on TVET institutions – With the limited quota provided to TVET institutions, especially the private ones, many has folded up or
ready for sale as they couldn’t sustain the business due to over-reliance on loan to recruit students.

Effect on TVET trainers & supporting staffs – These trainers who have SKM in their field and
Vocational Training Operation (especially those that do not have industry experience but fresh from TVET institutions like CIAST) would probably be now jobless or work in non-related field that pays them nothing more than a SPM school leaver’s qualification.

Effect on students – As the students who may not even have SPM or poor SPM results, they have no where to upgrade themselves or learn a skills to uplift their economic livelihood.

2. Social
Since the students are not able to further their studies, they may have high probability of being unemployed or worse still, involved in petty crimes, become Mat Rempit, drug addicts, gangsterism and other illegal activities.

Occupations With The Highest Hiring Demand In Malaysia 2018/2019

If you are undecided on what skills/TVET program to study, you may want to consider jobs that employers are desperate to fill.
This also apply if you’re planning planning a change in your profession or simply starting out in your career.
Check out the Critical Occupations List 2018/2019 before you make your decision on which course to pursue or next career decision.

The Critical Occupations List (COL) shows occupations that are skilled, sought-after, and strategic across 18 sectors in Malaysia. The COL identifies shortages in occupations that are sought-after by employers. As a job seeker, this means that with the right skills, education and experience, you can increase your chances of getting hired by focusing on jobs on the COL list.

In the 2018/2019 list, a total of 59 skilled occupations were identified (Some of those in the list has a NOSS – National Occupational Skills Standard)

The COL was first put together in 2015/2016 and some occupations have been in demand since. Here are the jobs which have been on the list for three consecutive years.

  1. Finance Manager
  2. Policy and Planning Manager
  3. Business Services Manager
  4. Research and Development Manager
  5. Information and Communications Technology Manager
  6. Geologist and Geophysicist
  7. Mathematician, Actuary and Statistician
  8. Industrial and Production Engineer
  9. Mechanical Engineer
  10. Mining Engineer, Metallurgist and Related Professional
  11. Engineering Professional (Excluding Electrotechnology) Not Elsewhere Classified
  12. Electrical Engineer
  13. Electronic Engineer
  14. Telecommunications Engineer
  15. Manufacturing Professional
  16. Accountant
  17. Financial Analyst
  18. Systems Analyst
  19. Software Developer
  20. Applications Programmer
  21. Software and Applications Developer and Analyst Not Elsewhere Classified
  22. Database Designer and Administrator
  23. Systems Administrator
  24. Computer Network Professional
  25. Electronics Engineering Technician
  26. Mechanical Engineering Technician
  27. Insurance Agent

Source: Adapted from Critical Skills Monitoring Committee

If you want the FULL report, kindly email to tvetjob [at] gmail.com with your details as below:

1. Name
2. Age (To recommend courses suitable for you, if applicable)
3. HP no (in case there’s any job opening/business opportunity for you)
4. Highest Skills Qualification: Eg SKM3, DKM or DLKM
5. Highest Academic Qualification: Eg SRP, SPM, Bac of Electrical Engineering, MBA etc
6. Working experience (or resume – in case there’s any job opening)


Poor SPM Results? Here’s What You Can Do Next To Further Your Education

So, the day of reckoning is over and you’ve gotten your SPM results. Poor SPM results?

If your results aren’t as you expected, or if you fell short on some subjects that you thought you could have scored, it’s okay to feel gloomy or guilty that you didn’t utilise more of your time to study.

But after a week of being down in the dumps, it’s probably time for you to pick yourself up again. After all, SPM is just a small test in the grand scheme of things. Chances are, no one is going to harass you about it before the year ends.

So instead of crying about it, here are 5 things you can do if your SPM results are not as good as you anticipated.

#1. Appeal your grades

Poor spm result what to do next - 1 Appeal your grades

If you are seeking to meet the entry requirements for your desired pre-university course, or if you think your grades are right below the borderline to a higher grade, you can try getting your paper marked again.

With a fee to part with (RM100 per subject), you can have your papers remarked and hopefully (fingers crossed!), you will be able to attain a higher grade that will open doors to various opportunities.

To submit an appeal, you will need to fill up a form called Borang Permohonan Penyemakan Semula Keputusan Peperiksaan/Kes T, which is on the Board of Examination Malaysia (Lembaga Peperiksaan Malaysia) website. You can also find it at any of these places:

  • Your school
  • Assessment and Examination Unit / Sector (Sektor / Unit Penilaian dan Peperiksaan)
  • State Department of Education (Jabatan Pendidikan Negeri)
  • Examination review counter in the Board of Examination Malaysia in Putrajaya (Kaunter Semak Semula Lembaga Peperiksaan Putrajaya)

You need to make sure that your form reaches the Board of Examination Malaysia’s office within 30 days after SPM results are announced or else it will not be processed. Your reviewed results will be posted to you 2 months after the appeal deadline. Ensure that you attach the following required documents:

  • verified copy of your official SPM 2018 results
  • verified certificate or copy of your pentaksiran berdasarkan sekolah (PBS) or school-based assessments by your school principal or Pegawai Kerajaan Kumpulan A

*Incomplete forms will not be processed.

#2. Retake your subjects

Poor spm result what to do next - 2 Retake your subjects

If you are not confident that having your papers reviewed will improve your grades, or if you want to aim for a higher grade, perhaps you can choose to resit your papers.

For a step-by-step guide on repeating your SPM subjects, click here.

Do note that for SPM Ulangan in Junethere are only 3 subjects that you can register for. These include:

  • Mathematics
  • Bahasa Melayu
  • Sejarah

If you’d like to retake papers for other subjects, you will need to register as an SPM private candidate and sit for the papers with the rest of the present year SPM students in November / December.

You will need to consider this option thoroughly as it will take another year for you to obtain better grades. By then, your peers may have already completed a year of their pre-university studies so be sure to make it count!  

Resitting papers is usually for students who are looking to enter specific pre-university or degree courses. So if you are looking to study a foundation course and you’re just shy of one credit, this is an option you can consider!

#3. Pursue diploma or certificate courses

Poor spm result what to do next - 3 Pursue diploma or certificate courses

If you’re missing a couple of credits from your SPM slip, you can also consider other pathways, such as pursuing a diploma or certificate. After all, they can still lead you to selected degree courses.

For a start, a diploma only requires 3 credits at SPM. Upon completion, you can then progress to the second year of a relevant degree. This makes your total study duration similar to taking a foundation then a degree.

Certificate courses, on the other hand, typically require only 1 credit, as long as you pass Bahasa Melayu and History. Completing a certificate will allow you to progress to a diploma and subsequently a degree.

So if you think retaking your papers will not change your grades, you may consider these alternatives, provided that you meet the entry requirements.

#4. Pursue skills/TVET certificate & diploma courses

If you have poor SPM results (don’t have enough credits) but intend to pursue an academic diploma, some University or University Colleges also accept Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia (SKM) as an entrance requirement.

No worries, if you don’t have any credit or worse still, failed in your SPM (parents force you to complete SPM despite your interest is in skills based programs), you can always pursue your interest in skills/TVET courses.

Remember, pursuing skills/TVET courses should not be your last resort but must be your interest. Studies has shown that graduates with skills are much more employable – 80 to 90 per cent of them are able to get a job after six months upon graduation (vs graduates from academic background. Those taking cert/diploma/degree in business studies, marketing, information technology, social science courses will find it hard to land a job, unlike those who take Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET) courses.

#5. Contact us

If you are undecided on what course or where to pursue your TVET/skills courses, you can get in touch with us here or call us at +6012 3123430. We will be happy to help!

At the end of the day, it doesn’t matter if you have poor SPM results because it’s not the end of the road yet. There are still plenty of things you can do to secure your future. Many have managed to become successful, even without a string of As.

Credit: https://eduadvisor.my (Points 1-3 are from them)

Jobs of the future: Top five emerging careers

(File pix) Robotics engineering is a sought-after career pathway for school-leavers.

Apply for your favourite TVET courses/ SKM courses here

CHOOSING the right course to study after secondary school is one of the most important decisions in life.

With an array of courses available, the guidance of an experienced and knowledgeable education counsellor is invaluable after the Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) and Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia (STPM) examinations.

Regardless of whether school-leavers are from the arts or science stream, it is important to select a discipline that matches interests.

Malaysian Institute of Human Resource Management human resource adviser Geh Thuan Hooi said the programme of choice must be relevant now and in the future or graduates risk being left behind.

“With the advent of Industry 4.0 where artificial intelligence (AI) will replace many present jobs, anything related to data analytics, information technology and robotics are good fields to venture into.

“Jobs requiring a high sense of creativity and decisiveness will be much sought after. Those with a strong mindset, who are persistent and not afraid to fail, as well as team players will make it in the future,” he added.

Higher Ed looks at the top five emerging careers – data scientist, robotics engineer, physiotherapist, certified account and digital marketer – with a promising future.

DATA SCIENTISTS

Demand for data science skills is growing exponentially as it is crucial to extract knowledge and insight from data captured by companies.

Center of Applied Data Science (CADS) founder and chief executive officer Sharala Axryd said data scientists have always been in demand but, until recently, only large enterprises and digital natives were willing to make the significant investment.

“Corporations know that if they are slow to act, they will become dinosaurs in this digital age and lose competitive advantage.

“Management and executives are now actively utilising data to make business decisions,” she added.

“CADS offers courses such as the Data Star Programme and CADS Certification which teach the fundamentals of interpreting data, performing analyses and understanding and communicating actionable insights.

“The special SPM-Leavers Seminar, which was introduced last year, gives insight into the skills needed in the world of data science as well as job opportunities in the industry.

“Through these programmes, students are better equipped to stand out among their peers by pursuing career paths such as data scientists and analysts in various industries. These are increasingly highly sought-after roles which organisations are eager to fill.”

Data scientists are at the top of the data science career ladder as they possess both theoretical knowledge and technical skills.

“Data scientists should also have excellent communication skills to articulate their knowledge into useful insight that creates value.

Whether it is the field of AI, machine learning, deep learning or analytics, the possibilities are endless.

“A career in data science is considered an extremely broad field, as data scientists are relevant across industries, fitting in both vertically and horizontally.

“Exceptional understanding of all aspects of data, programming and business is highly respected.”

A Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, Statistics or Social and Physical Sciences is the basis of skills required to process and analyse big data. Relevant fields include mathematics, computer science and engineering.

Arts stream students, who have non-technical skills, can pursue their interest in data science if they have strong communication skills or business knowledge.

For example, a Bachelor of Arts in Communication graduate can rewrite technical jargon into plain English for the easier understanding of the marketing department.

ROBOTICS ENGINEERS

Robotics has been around for decades but current technological breakthrough in areas such as AI, Internet of Things, Industrial Internet of Things (IIOT), cloud computing and big data analytics has generated demand in sectors such as food and beverage, logistics and consumer markets.

Multimedia University Faculty of Engineering Technology dean Associate Professor Dr Fazly Salleh Abas said robotics is a discipline that combines knowledge on electronics, electrical and mechanical engineering, and software development.

The “body” of a robot is built on mechanical concepts, the “nervous system” on electrical and electronic components while the software forms its “brain”.

“It is not only the job of the future but is also now in demand. And it is not limited to manufacturing since robotics and automation are widely used in industries such as medicine, agriculture, law enforcement and surveillance.

“Graduates can choose to join the workforce in the industry or become researchers.

“The application of automation and robotics is broad. One may work on single-action robots in plants that automate bottle labelling or work on complex projects such as designing intelligent drones or a full-scale IIOT-enabled assembly system equipped with AI capabilities to predict possible breakdown.

“If one loves solving problems, then robotics is a brilliant choice for future pursuits,” he added.

In just a few decades, industries especially manufacturing are fertile ground for robotics and automation systems to evolve since they open the path to productivity and profitability.

“This technology has a long way to go in disrupting the way we manufacture and distribute products.”

A Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering — Robotics, Computer, Electro-mechanical, Electrical and Mechanical — is the entry-level academic requirement for a career in robotics.

Typical coursework for a robotics engineering degree includes advanced mathematics, physical and life sciences, computer science, computer-aided design and drafting, physics and materials science.

SPM science stream students with a Foundation in Engineering qualification or STPM scholars with three principals including mathematics and physics are eligible to pursue the Bachelor of Engineering (Electronics) degree majoring in robotics and automation.

For arts stream students who wish to become engineers, the pathway may be a little bit longer than for science stream students, whose usual pathway is to pursue Foundation, Matriculation or STPM course followed by an engineering degree programme.

A tip: excel in SPM and enrol in a diploma in engineering course at a polytechnic or public and private university before pursuing a degree in engineering programme.

PHYSIOTHERAPISTS

Health Minister Datuk Seri Dr Dzulkefly Ahmad said expenditure in the nation’s healthcare industry is expected to reach RM80 billion by 2020.

Industry-spending, which recorded RM52 billion at end-2017, has increased, fuelled by demand for healthcare services and the emergence of new care models beyond traditional hospital settings.

Management and Science University (MSU) Faculty of Health and Life Sciences dean Associate Professor Dr Sairah Abdul Karim said Malaysia is ranked as one of the highest for chronic heart problems and obesity among Asian countries.

There is a need for more physiotherapists to come up with exercise therapies designed to solve patients’ specific therapeutic goals.

Physiotherapists enjoy high employability as their skills are integral to the rehabilitation of patients who have either suffered a stroke, had a knee replacement, heart bypass surgery. In addition, they treat and minimise physical disabilities associated with injury, disease and other impairments.

“On average, a physiotherapist earns an annual income of RM29,500. Depending on experience, one can earn between RM14,000 and RM68,000 a year.

“This is a career that helps people and improves lives – not only alleviate pain – and there’s flexibility to work as a part-timer,” she added.

Physiotherapy courses offer a variety of hands-on skills that can be applied in hospital settings and sports clubs, special needs children’s centres, old folks home as well as rehabilitation centres.

“Physiotherapy graduates can look into becoming an academician, trainer, sports therapist, acupuncturist, chiropractor or exercise physiologist.”

With the average ratio of physiotherapists to the country’s population at 1:27,000 compared with 1:14,000 for developed countries, and 1:500,000 for under-developed nations, physiotherapists are in demand.

“There will be some 19,000 physiotherapists in the country by 2020 when the estimated population is 32 million, giving a ratio of 1:1,813.”

In 2016, there were 216 private and 153 public hospitals in the country. The Health Ministry employed 1,373 physiotherapists.

Non-governmental organisations and the Women, Family and Community Development Ministry also hired them.

In addition, physiotherapists also able to set up private practices and work in private clinics.

At MSU, prospective students need a minimum C grade for science subjects to enrol in the physiotherapy course, which includes 70 per cent hands-on learning and practice to ensure comprehension of integrated therapeutic approaches to patient care.

The programme encompasses clinical placements in accredited places such as MSU Medical Centre, public hospitals (under the supervision of the Health Ministry), private hospitals, National Sports Institute of Malaysia and healthcare services providers.

The specially designed clinical placements exceed the 1,000 hours requirement by the Malaysian Qualifications Agency.

“The curriculum is carefully crafted to ensure students are competent and inventive practitioners later in their career.

“This programme is delivered through innovative, 21st century teaching techniques, which engage students in collaborative, highly focused assessments and projects to build a solid foundation for a career in physiotherapy.”

KPJ Healthcare University College School of Health Sciences dean Mohd Izham Mohd Zain said physiotherapists are sought after in the healthcare industry, in line with changing lifestyle and new healthcare models.

“There is an obvious shift of care from the traditional role of providing rehabilitation and curative care at hospitals to preventive measures, which curb occupational-related disorders.

“Such an extended role requires higher academic qualifications to cater to needs and fulfil expectations,” added Mohd Izham.

To meet demand, numerous higher education institutions offer training programmes at the bachelor’s level instead of diploma.

KPJ Healthcare University College’s School of Health Sciences offers physiotherapy programmes from diploma to master’s.

DIGITAL MARKETERS

With exponential growth of the Internet, firms have more opportunities to communicate with their target audience.

Consumers are also highly intelligent and take well to online marketing as it is the medium most relatable to them.

Digital marketing is becoming a sought after career in a borderless environment.

Taylor’s University School of Media and Communication senior lecturer Dr Nurzihan Hassim said learners who are Internet-savvy can build up a diverse portfolio by mastering their hard and soft skills in both online and existing channels, be it radio, television or newspaper.

Through corporate bodies as well as advertising, public relations and media agencies, the 4th IR brings with it a need for media strategists, creative content creators and event managers to handle integrated marketing communications.

“It is a highly exciting and competitive field, so experience is critical as digital presence is very much relevant and needed,” she added.

Nurzihan said many advertising and branding campaigns integrate the human experience with augmented and virtual reality, and AI.

“Humanising technologies with consumers’ wants puts them first and wins trust. For example, voice searches such as Amazon Alexa see a higher engagement with smartphone users and opportunities for product knowledge and new trends.

“Snapchat won over audiences by allowing them to explore the Nike catalogue through augmented reality at a brand event and purchase Air Jordan III through Shopify.

“In essence, the key is to excite consumers and give insight into a product, brand or firm to gain and sustain attention through creativity and innovation of technology.”

Given that marketing in the future will be device-based, enrolment in a digital marketing course allows youth to enhance tech skills and learn to merge sales concepts into this next generation of marketing.

“Youth today are digital natives born in the era of the Internet and understand it the most. They are the best generation to implement digital marketing innovations that can bring change in society, and increase acceptability, response and practice of new ideas, concepts, products and trends.

“What we teach here is the history of the field and then bring into focus by linking it with digital practices. When students are exposed to the overall context of advertising and branding, they learn key areas such as audience research and the importance of evaluation, planning and creative execution across all major media channels.

“This breadth of knowledge is extremely useful for those interested in careers in advertising, marketing, brand management, audience research and handling big data.”

Nurzihan added that as long as they have the passion for it, students from both the Science and Arts streams can enrol in a Digital Marketing course as it is a mix of creative arts and technology.

“Science students already have the required skill-sets for pursuing the course such as the ability to think objectively and analyse quantifiable metrics.”

CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS

The country is in need of qualified professional accountants to meet the demand for 60,000 by next year.

With the development of digital technology, the role of accountants will be more challenging as they will use sophisticated and smart technologies such as software systems including cloud computing to enhance traditional ways of working.

And it is imperative that they are benchmarked against the highest standards and tested by the rigour of professional accountancy examinations.

UNIRAZAK chief executive officer Amil Izham Hamzah likened a degree in accounting to a key that unlocks a door to a room with a large chest containing a treasure — the certified accounting qualification.

The mental and physical skill-sets and stamina that one gains in the process of unlocking the chest are the greatest rewards for a certified accountant.

“It is by going through this process that sees many opportunities, imaginable or otherwise, open up to certified accountants.”

Therefore, it is crucial to go beyond an accounting degree and pursue professional accounting certification.

Generally, there are two ways of pursuing this certification. One can go the traditional route of obtaining a degree then pursuing professional accounting

certification or embark on a programme that combines both the university degree and professional certification, such as the CPA Australia Accounting degree qualification.

In developed countries, it is rather common for those in the science stream to cross over and study accounting.

“When I was enrolled in a professional accounting programme, a former colleague, who studied geology, was one of the best certified accountants in the firm then.

“You need the smarts and a willingness to go through the journey with perseverance, patience, prayers and lots of caffeine!”

The allure of professional accounting certifications has to do with existing and projected demand for certified professional accountants. Consistent with the trajectory of fast growing economies, Malaysia is projected to continue to need professionals of certain disciplines including certified accountants.

“Unlike certain jobs that are mere fads, the qualification as a certified accountant stands one on solid ground. I was awarded professional certification some 20 years ago and I can safely say that the qualification as a certified accountant is ‘not a destination but a means’ of taking on many roles and responsibilities in many ventures and industries.”

A certified accountant exercises constant judgment in his work, for example identifies and makes a call on substance rather than form; assesses intentions and their consequences; and effectively deals with shades of grey rather than mere black or white.

“It is a discipline that is more of the arts than sciences. The essential traits remain relevant in the foreseeable future.”

Meanwhile in its effort to contribute towards the development of talent in the country, Permodalan Nasional Bhd has introduced the PNB Chartered Accountant (PCA) course.

The programme targets candidates from different entry levels — SPM school-leavers, graduates of Foundation programmes from professional accounting bodies and graduates with a Diploma or Degree in Accountancy.

On Oct 26, 2016, PNB and its programme partners—Yayasan Peneraju Pendidikan Bumiputera, UiTM Private Education Sdn Bhd and Ernst & Young Malaysia — signed the Joint Collaborative Educational Partnership Agreement to provide sponsorship covering subsistence allowance and fees (tuition, examination and membership).

To date, PCA participants have enrolled in professional qualification programmes run by the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants, Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales, and Malaysian Institute of Certified Public Accountants and Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand.

Source: www.nst.com.my

Comment: If you’re not sure where to find TVET/skills institutions that offers the course that you’re interested in, you may apply here.