KUALA LUMPUR: Teachers have voiced their concern that technical and vocational graduates will end up unemployed unless the syllabus is made more relevant.
Feedback from Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET) teachers was that the syllabus is outdated, said National Union of the Teaching Profession (NUTP) secretary-general Harry Tan.
He cited the case of a company, which is on the Forbes Global 2000 List, that had approached NUTP to help identify students they could train, and later hire.
As it turned out, the company could not hire existing TVET graduates because they would not have been able to operate the latest machines.
“This is a major player in the construction industry and their feedback is that our TVET syllabus is obsolete.
“They want students with the know-how and they’re willing to train them,” he said in an interview.
Tan also called for a “solid” TVET policy to be in place fast.
NUTP, he said, had identified 20 students to be trained by the China company but this had been hampered by red tape.
“It’s been almost six months since the company mooted its proposal,” he said.
“The government must get its act together. There are too many ministries involved.”
Currently, seven ministries are overseeing TVET.
(A coordination committee has been approved by the Cabinet to coordinate TVET activities between the ministries. Separately, a TVET task force formerly headed by Nurul Izzah Anwar has suggested that a special commission coordinate the TVET implementation be set up.)
National Parent-Teacher Associations’ Vocational and Technical Consultative Council vice-chairman Abul Nasir also spoke of “outdated” TVET syllabus.
Whatever changes that have been made, he said, were insignificant in the grander scheme of things.
“TVET should be 70% machine using and practical training, and 30% for theory, where the 30% must come from the industry.
“Students need the machines to train but at this point in time, it isn’t happening because there is no sync between the vocational colleges and training institutes with the industry,” he said.
He also stressed that incentives are vital for tie-ups between TVET institutes and the industry.
Echoing feedback from teachers on outdated syllabus, National TVET Movement secretary-general Nordin Abdul Malek attributed this to poor planning.
“Not only in terms of facilities and technology, but other factors like soft skills and employment trends are not planned out well,” he said.
On Nov 16, Education Minister Dr Maszlee Malik said TVET was given emphasis during the Mid-Term review of the 11th Malaysia Plan 2016-2020 and Budget 2019.
KUALA LUMPUR, Dec 13 — The technical and vocational education training (TVET) programme requires an urgent update to arm graduates with the required skills for employment, the National Association of Skilled Workers (PKPB) said today.
Its secretary-general Mohammad Rizan Hassan, in responding to a survey that found government vocational programme undervalued both by students and parents, said the current TVET programmes lagged far behind.
“Students are studying ‘history in technology’ instead of the latest technology,” he said in a statement.
“This is because the training given at vocational institutions (ILK) are still based on old technology.”
Yesterday, Khazanah Research Institute released its school-to-work transition survey (SWTS) that found TVET to be undervalued despite the strong demand for vocational and technical graduates both in the private and public sectors.
Data gathered by the survey showed a prevalent misconception about TVET being an inferior educational pathway, and that its graduates continue to be underpaid even in the civil service, data that strongly pointed to disconnect policies.
PKPB, on the other hand, said the perception that TVET graduates get quick employment is inaccurate.
Mohammad said TVET graduates are forced to compete for skilled jobs with upskilled migrant workers, which drives salaries lower.
“They are also affected by the influx of migrant workers,” he said.
“In the end, their pay is ultimately hurt,” he added.
The SWTS, held between late 2017 to earlier this year, polled over 27,000 students, job seekers, young workers and employers.
PUTRAJAYA: The TVET task force headed by Nurul Izzah Anwar (pic) has suggested that a special commission to coordinate the Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET) implementation be set up.
Education Minister Dr Maszlee Malik said it was suggested that the implementation under the commission be overseen by two ministries, Education and Human Resources, during a recent Cabinet meeting.
“It was an idea by Nurul Izzah to table a motion in Parliament for the establishment of a TVET commission.
“It expresses our seriousness to enhance TVET and bring it to the next level.
“I hope we will make it a reality,” Dr Maszlee told reporters after attending a national industry dialogue titled “Living Skills in the 21st Century: TVET Empowerment/Initiative” yesterday.
Nurul Izzah chairs a task force to strengthen and improve TVET.
Currently, seven ministries are overlooking TVET.
A coordination committee has been approved by the Cabinet, he said, to coordinate TVET activities between the ministries.
On the duties of the task force headed by Nurul Izzah, Dr Maszlee said it is tasked to conduct research across all ministries that provide TVET education and training.
“The role of (her) committee is to make recommendations on how our TVET system can be improved.
“This includes a review of our current laws in TVET education and training, as well as the idea for a TVET commission,” he added.
Dr Maszlee said TVET was given emphasis during the mid-term review of the 11th Malaysia Plan (11MP) 2016-2020 and the tabling of Budget 2019.
This is the way forward, he said, emphasising that collaboration between the Education Ministry and industry showed “we are on the right track”.
The government also plans to conduct a major mapping exercise to ensure TVET programmes meet industry standards set by professional accreditation bodies, he added.
This will affect government’s plans to develop a skilled workforce, says minister Kulasegaran.
SHAH ALAM: Human Resources Minister M Kulasegaran has expressed concern over the 30% drop in student enrolment into various skills training institutes over the past two years.
He said the declining number was alarming as such a scenario would damper the government’s aspiration to make Malaysia a highly-skilled nation if this trend continued to persist.
Kulasegaran said although the country had been having many technical and vocational education training (TVET) colleges, financial constraints were believed to be the cause for the declining student enrolment.
Meanwhile, Kulasegaran said his ministry was now reviewing the current minimum wage policy to give priority to the rights of Malaysians in the employment sector.
He said details of the policy would be announced on Monday.
On the programme today, the Ipoh Barat MP said the government would continue to empower the Indian community, including bringing transformation to the work sector dominated by the ethnic group.
“I was directed by Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad to come out with drafts of various programmes to improve the skills of the Indians and all races in the future.
“There is a special segment for the development of the Indian community mentioned in the Pakatan Harapan manifesto which covers various aspects. We will work on it.
“In fact, the Indian Community Development Blueprint of the previous administration would be examined.
“We will implement (the plan) if it is beneficial for the targeted groups,” he said.