Tag Archives: TVET

UNESCO Strategy for Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) 2016-2021

The strategy aims to:

1. Support the efforts of Member States to enhance the relevance of their TVET systems and to equip all youth and adults with the skills required for employment, decent work, entrepreneurship and lifelong learning, and
2. Contribute to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as a whole.

Strategy
Infographic – tvet-strategy

Source: https://unevoc.unesco.org

Pertemuan NGO-NGO TVET dengan Pengurus Besar PTPK


04.02.2019 | PERTEMUAN NGO-NGO TVET DENGAN YBHG. ENCIK MOHD FATHULLAH BIN MUSTAPHA, PENGURUS BESAR (PENGURUSAN), PERBADANAN TABUNG PEMBANGUNAN KEMAHIRAN (PTPK).

Pertemuan adalah mendapatkan penjelasan dan titik penyelesaian bagi isu arahan pekeliling bertarikh 31 Januari 2019 – Ruj: PTPK.P&P.100-3/1 Jld 17 (7) berkenaan Syarat-syarat Baru Permohonan Dana TVET Pinjaman Latihan Kemahiran Skim Pinjaman Lepasan Sekolah Tahun 2019 Bagi Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia Tahap 1, 2 dan 3. Dapatan dari perbinncangan yang dapat saya kongsikan ialah:

01. Tiada lagi kaedah agihan kuota bantuan kepada Penyedia Latihan (PL) sebaliknya peruntukan yang sedia ada perlulah dibida dengan syarat-syarat tertentu.

02. Tahun 2019 adalah menggunapakai pendekatan Industry Driven Funding yang sifatnya menekankan kepada kebolehpekerjaan.

03. Bantuan pinjaman kepada pelatih perlulah akhinya menyediakan pekerjaan yang merubah kehidupan. Ini yang perlu difahami oleh PL.

04. Penilaian melalui pemarkahan yang berbeza-beza apabila PL mampu menyediakan MOA atau MOU atau LOI atau Conditional Letter dari industri berkaitan penempatan pekerjaan kepada pelatih apabila tamat latihan. Walaupun ianya diperdebatkan, namun PTPK menyakini PL mampu membina hubungan dengan industri dan akhirnya manfaat kepada pelatih yang juga merupakan peminjam.

05. Cuma PKPB kekal menolak syarat dokumen berkenaan tidak membenarkan di tandatangani oleh PENGURUS SUMBER MANUSIA. Dokumen perlu ditandatangi oleh Pemilik atau Pengurusan Tertinggi. PKPB melihat syarat ini sesuatu yang “bikin lawak”. Dalam persekitaran perniagaan semasa, telah berlaku perubahan amalan pengurusan sumber manusia yang dahulunya hanya berperanan sebagai pusat khidmat dan sokongan untuk organisasi. Kini, ia lebih daripada sekadar memproses gaji dan pengambilan pekerja baharu. Dalam dunia moden, seorang pengurus sumber manusia memegang beberapa portfolio: rakan niaga, agen perubahan; pentadbir dan pembela para pekerja. Merujuk kepada beberapa kenalan HR Manager, terdapat 3 tugas teras seorang HR iaitu
a. A Line Function,
b. A Coordinative Function
c. Staff Functions [Assist and Advise]

06. PKPB menyokong perlunya Nilai tambah (Added Value) atau Dual Certification di dalam latihan perijilan kemahiran sedia ada. Di dalam hal ini, PKPB mengesyorkan agar Industry Lead Body (ILB) yang dilantik Jabatan Pembangunan kemahiran (JPK) di beri kuasa mengeluarkan sijil tambahan kompetensi berdasarkan industri masing-masing. Menghakupayakan ILB melalui persijilan kepada pelatih akan senang di kawal kualitinya berbading persijilan antarabangsa yang lain.

07. Masih lagi dengan Nilai Tambah (Added Value), PTPK perlu melihat mana-mana PL yang ada program pembangunan belia melalui kemahiran insaniah/softskills hendaklah juga diberi pemarkahan yang baik.

08. PL yang melaksanakan single-tier DKM / DLKM tiada penetapan bilangan peruntukan.

09. Pembidaan bagi peruntukan pinjaman untuk SKM 1-3 tidak melihat kepada kapasiti JPK semata-mata sebaliknya kepada kemampuan PL memenuhi syarat yang ditetapkan.

Apa pun, PKPB melihat sudah sampai masanya semua pihak mengubah cara berfikir dan bekerja dalam menyantuni atau membantu membina anak muda hari ini untuk masa depan negara yang hebat. Isu ini masiih panas dan proses rundingan msih berjalan.

Turut hadir dalam pertemuan ini selain PKPB ialah Persekutuan Pusat-Pusat Bertauliah JPK Swasta Malaysia (FEMAC). Gabungan ILKS Bumiputera (GILKSB). Gabungan ILKS India Malaysia (GAPKIM). Gabungan Pusat-Pusat Kemahiran Swasta Terengganu (GAKENT) dan Tan Sri Zainal Rampak, Tokoh TVET.

Kredit:
RIZAN HASSAN
06.02.2019

EU to provide 205m euro to boost edu sector

Bangladesh and the European Union sign a financing agreement to implement the Human Capital Development Programme 2021 (HCDP-21) at Economic Relations Division of the finance ministry in Dhaka on Tuesday. Photo: CollectedThe European Union will provide 205 million euro to Bangladesh for the development of the country’s education sector.

An agreement was signed in this regard to implement the Human Capital Development Programme 2021 (HCDP-21) at the Economic Relations Division (ERD) office in the city on Tuesday, according to a press release.

It said 150 million euro will be spent for primary education, 50 million euro for Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and five million euro for technical assistance in four years.

The EU-funded programme aims to provide quality education and training to Bangladesh’s young population, the media release added.

HCDP-21 supports Bangladesh to progress towards the achievement of the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals, in particular Goal 4 on quality education.

EU ambassador Rensje Teerink said continued investment in quality primary education and establishment of a sustainable TVET system is critical to enhance employment opportunities as the working population is anticipated to increase by 21 million people over the next decade.

“The goal is to use the potential of the demographic dividend and contribute significantly to inclusive growth and poverty reduction,” said the EU ambassador.

“The EU contribution is meant to support education policy improvements and system strengthening with a specific focus on primary education and TVET.”

The ERD secretary Monowar Ahmed said, “We are looking forward to further strengthening our solid partnership with one of our key donors and together making an important contribution to reaching the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.”

It will promote the implementation of long-term sustainable education policies towards a lifelong learning approach, bringing together primary education and TVET, the release said.

Under the EU supports and other development partners, the primary and mass education ministry is implementing Bangladesh’s National Primary Education Programme (PEDP4), putting special emphasis on the following key targets: quality education through better trained teachers and revised curricula, including learning materials, increased enrolment of out-of-school children into the formal education system and equal access.

TVET, the EU programme with the education ministry, aims at contributing to the establishment of a sustainable and comprehensive TVET system and increasing the number of certified teachers, the enrolment rate of TVET students and degrees recognition through a National Qualification Framework.

HCDP21 additionally seeks reinforcing planning and monitoring capabilities of the partners’ institutions.

Bangladesh has made commendable progress over the past decades in human development, including in the education sector, with near universal access to primary education and gender equity at the primary and secondary education levels.

Basic education and a skilled and capable workforce are a precondition for inclusive growth, key for Bangladesh to become a middle-income country.

Source: https://en.prothomalo.com

Comment: Why Bangladesh? Why not India, Pakistan or any other South East Asian countries? Anyone can help to chip in?

Programme launched for TVET master trainers

Islamabad: With skill development being one of our top priority items, we are striving to mobilise our youth and provide them with a conducive learning environment to enable them to explore their abilities and skills and benefit from them for earning a better livelihood.

This was stated by minister for federal education and professional training Shafqat Mahmood while addressing the launching ceremony of ‘Training of Master Trainers Programme’ under the auspices of the National Vocational and Technical Training Commission here on Monday as part of the ongoing reforms in technical education and vocational training sector of Pakistan.

The organisers said under the programme, a national pool of master trainers from various trades would be trained and certified according to the globally recognised international training and assessment courses.

The training will be delivered by the Melbourne Polytechnic Institute, Australia and Institute of Tourism, Hospitality Management, Pakistan with the collaboration of the NAVTTC and TVET SSP.

The structure of these courses has been specifically designed by the Australian Government Department of Education and Training, as per the identified international TVET sectors training needs and requirements. It is also in line with international best practice for competency-based training.

As many as 120 Master Trainers will be given certificates as per the Australian Competency Based Training & Assessment Framework. It will help build the national capacity to further support Pakistan’s National Vocational Qualifications Framework (NVQF). The master trainers completing this internationally recognised training will be from various demand-oriented trades. These MTs will then further disseminate training to TVET trainers under a cascading model approach.

Source: https://www.thenews.com.pk

Comment: Malaysia is highly respected by the other ASEAN country members in this respect. We had few G to G Masters Training done.
So if you want to learn how to implement TVET program or train your Master Trainers in your country (ASEAN, Middle East…), check us out

 

TVET curriculum to simulate actual workplace, says Kula

PETALING JAYA: The Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET) curriculum will soon simulate actual workplace situations.

These learning modules, which look to better prepare students for the working world, will be embedded into the curriculum.

Human Resources Minister M. Kulasegaran (pic) said the modules, known as “Problem, Project, Production”, are intended to engage students with real world tasks.

These are some of the measures that will be implemented soon, he said, to strengthen and improve the TVET delivery implementation.

His speech text was read by human resources department planning and research division director Junita Mohamed Ali during the Malaysian TVET Forum 2019.

On Jan 20, StarEdu reported that a new national framework sets out to level the playing field between academics and TVET, offering students more career options for their future.

“TVET is a branch of education that cannot be overlooked by any government.

“Chief among (these measures) is to elevate the quality of TVET programmes as well as TVET instructors; it is essential for instructors, public or private, to gain industrial experience so as to ensure they will be kept abreast with technology,” said Kulasegaran.

“The plan also includes continued funding under the Skills Development Fund (SDF) for TVET students who pursue high demand programmes by industries.

“Existing SDF loan mechanism for employee upskilling and reskilling will be revamped to increase the number of recipients through a cost-sharing arrangement with the industry.

“It’s important for the industry to be deeply involved in the financing aspect of TVET.”

To further strengthen TVET delivery, Kulasegaran said TVET training institutions will need to embrace and integrate the 11 important pillars of the fourth Industrial Revolution in their training, such as Cloud Computing, Cybersecurity and Augmented Reality.

Source: https://www.thestar.com.my

Comment: Am not sure how would be the funds from SDF/PTPK be allocated but going at the current rate, looks like many private TVET institutions that depended heavily on the funding to recruit students would be closing soon.

So if you intend to set up at TVET centre, do your research properly, think what kind of students that you want to have & don’t just think about making money from their tuition fees, ensure they have bright prospects to get into employment with decent pay and your business will surely be sustainable & maybe even flourish when majority are suffering at thinking how to get loans from SDF/PTPK.

BERJAYA TVET College inks MoA with DMC Training (Digital Marketing)

BERJAYA TVET College and DMC Training signed a memorandum of agreement recently on their strategic partnership to create additional Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) programmes for students.

The programmes will be offered for BERJAYA TVET’s March 2019 intake.

The 12-month programme is BERJAYA TVET Colleges’ first official certified training programme in Digital Marketing. DMC Training will lead the coursework in Digital Marketing with the support of BERJAYA TVET College including the four months internship placement.

“Upon completion of this programme, students will receive dual certification from both organisations, enhancing job employability in the current digital era or become digital entrepreneurs,” said Kanendran T Arulrajah, president of BERJAYA TVET College.

“To be successful in digitizing businesses, we must have the right talent to execute digital business strategies. With the Digital Marketing certification, BERJAYA TVET College sees DMC Training as the right strategic partner to work together with in achieving our goals of growing more professional digital marketers,” said Mae Ho Seok Khen, chief executive officer of BERJAYA TVET College.

This initiative is aligned with the vision of the new Malaysian government in strengthening the nation’s digital infrastructure and helping young entrepreneurs and small businesses develop and grow.

“We are honoured to have been selected by BERJAYA TVET College for this partnership. Besides contributing our training experience in the Digital Marketing Certification programme, we will also be providing career placement for students graduating from this programme.

“This is part of DMC Training’s initiative in helping school leavers start off on the right career path in Digital Marketing,” said Charles Gregory, chief executive officer and founder of DMC Training.

Source: https://www.thesundaily.my

PERMOHONAN PERUNTUKAN DANA TVET PINJAMAN LATIHAN KEMAHIRAN SKIM PINJAMAN LEPASAN SEKOLAH 2019 BAGI SKM 1,2&3

Ada yang kata syarat ketat, ada yang kata tak ketat mana pun.
Apapun, bacalah pekeliling di bawah dan fikirkanlah cara kreatif untuk mengatasi halangan yang anda lalui.

PERMOHONAN PERUNTUKAN DANA TVET PINJAMAN LATIHAN KEMAHIRAN SKIM PINJAMAN LEPASAN SEKOLAH TAHUN 2019

PS: Kalau dah tak tahan lagi, jual la lesen PB anda sementara ia masih ada sedikit nilai (sebenarnya dah tak banyak nilai pun sekarang terutamanya hanya jika bergantung kepada PTPK untuk pelajar membiayai latihan mereka di PB anda)

Bringing back credibility to tertiary education

‘For universities to be relevant, excellent and effective, a high level of quality must be achieved in various aspects, and this can be done through having academics who are more visible with works that are used by the community,’ – DR MASZLEE MALIK, Education Minister

Many will find higher education a challenging world as it is here that students will get to know their real selves, the destination of the journey they are taking in life and the means of getting there.

Hence why the Education Ministry finds it crucial to bring back credibility to public universities and higher education through improved quality and emphasis on values as the core of education.

Education Minister Dr Maszlee Malik, in delivering his 2019 mandate titled “Education for All” last week, said the ministry has underlined four key directions for higher education – quality, autonomy, collaboration and internationalisation.

“University is an open intellectual field. It is there that theoretical debates, lively and open discourse, as well as the sharing of knowledge take place.

“For universities to be relevant, excellent and effective, a high level of quality must be achieved in various aspects, and this can be done through having academics who are more visible with works that are used by the community. We encourage universities to nurture the culture of having dialogues, debates, discourse and other intellectual programmes that will provide solutions to society’s problems and develop the nation,” he said.

Ethics is another important aspect that has to be focused on, he said.

“Bad work ethics, plagiarism, and academic bullying must cease. Integrity will not be compromised. Publication of article that has no quality should be exterminated. Publication should reflect the mastery of intellectuals in their respective fields and be regarded as universal reference within the field,” he said.

The ministry will also increase the quality of research grants to ensure that knowledge transfer will occur, encourage translation of great works and the research will establish results that will resolve current community and national problems in a substantial manner. Lecturers who have been awarded research grants are encouraged to guide and finance their post-graduate candidates by appointing them as research assistants.

“For lecturers promotion, we will start moving towards using a big data-based system with artificial intelligence that will accommodate all efforts and contributions from lecturers to determine auto-promotion eligibility. The requirement to fill endless forms will cease,” he said.

The library will be a broad and borderless repository of knowledge and the communication system between libraries at all universities and access to external publications be improved.

“We are aiming to have public universities and the higher education sector be referred to by the global community. The process of internationalisation includes the effort to increase the number of foreign students coming to Malaysia to study in line with the vision of making Malaysia an international education hub, and building more branches of local universities abroad through the satellite university method,” he said.

To increase autonomy at universities, the ministry will reassess the key performance indicators (KPIs) of each faculty and repeal the one-size-fits-all KPIs. Universities will be divided into clusters to create synergy and collaboration to no longer move alone. Autonomy is given to universities and their clusters to determine their respective KPIs.

Empowering students at higher education institutions had been and would continue to be given emphasis, said Maszlee.

Dr Maszlee Malik speaking at the Education Minister’s Mandate 2019 ceremony in Universiti Putra Malaysia. PIC BY ROSELA ISMAIL

Among the first attempts was the abolition of Section 15(1)(c) of the Universities and University Colleges Act 1971, which restricts the involvement of students in political activities on campus. This cancellation is in line with the government’s intention to lower voters’ age limit to 18 years.

“In addition, through continuous collaboration with the administrators of public universities in the country, we are working to create a Students’ Union, which has long been buried in the history of the country. Through the union, students will have more roles, opportunities and responsibilities in the decision-making process at each university,” he said.

The third direction – collaboration – will see the ecosystem of intellectuals be made more vibrant.

“This can be done through a mentor-mentee relationship between senior professors and new lecturers to realise more schools of thoughts in their respective fields. In this case, the universities should not be alienated from the reality of life. To prepare our students to become public intellectuals to handle tasks as society’s troubleshooters, universities must create collaborations with all the appropriate parties, such as schools, polytechnics and vocational colleges. A lot can be done by public universities to help local communities, including giving training to improve the quality of the teaching and learning process in schools,” said Maszlee.

In addition, universities also need to collaborate with other parties to create endowment from the waqf and zakat institution, as well as alumni.

“Use tax incentives to activate financial endowment through alumni. The alumni of the public universities are also asked to return to their alma mater to help out as is the case with international leading universities,” Maszlee urged.

A more drastic and comprehensive internationalisation effort will be mobilised, he said.

“Most importantly, academics of the public university should be referred to internationally in their respective fields and no longer just be jaguh kampung. High-quality work must be produced and translated, and the process of translation must be actively executed; rebranding and marketing must be organised more effectively at the global level. We also need to increase the mobility of professors and staff outside the country as well as have more academics from overseas visiting and serving in our country,” he said.

As for TVET (Technical and Vocational Education and Training), he said the ministry would continue to improve institutional capabilities and systems of TVET to remain competitive and meet market expectations.

“The ministry will implement a harmonised accreditation system with quality assurance for enabling student mobility in TVET institutions, including those in the Malaysian Technical University Network (MTUN).

“MTUN should also be moving towards the Fachhochschule system in Germany and measured with the production of technical graduates and the resolution of technical issues, and not merely producing publications.

“We will improve the quality and delivery of TVET programmes to improve the skills of graduates through an industry-led approach, eliminating duplication of programmes and resource, increasing cost effectiveness, and expanding TVET funding to increase enrolment,” said Maszlee.

“At the same time, the ministry is in the process of resolving the issue of recognising qualification from vocational colleges that will allow them to have equal opportunity to pursue higher education.

“This requires that vocational colleges be placed parallel with the other institutions of TVET to be in line with the industry’s direction,” he said.

Polytechnics and community colleges will also not be left out from reformation efforts to be carried out this year.

“Networking and joint ventures between the two institutions with the industry, particularly big and renowned companies, is a priority to ensure the marketability of graduates in technical fields.

“The alignment between MTUN and polytechnics is aimed to ensure opportunities for polytechnic graduates to continue their education. Polytechnics and community colleges has also opened up opportunities for the tahfiz students to equip themselves with the skills for a career in life,” he said.

Maszlee said the ministry was serious in making TVET on a par with other choices; not a second or an alternative option.

Source: https://www.nst.com.my

Kulasegaran: Join TVET to increase chance of getting hired at SMEs

Human Resources Minister M. Kulasegaran (centre) speaks to reporters during a visit to TalentCorp’s office in Kota Damansara January 23, 2019. — Picture by Ahmad Zamzahuri
Human Resources Minister M. Kulasegaran (centre) speaks to reporters during a visit to TalentCorp’s office in Kota Damansara January 23, 2019. — Picture by Ahmad Zamzahuri
PETALING JAYA, Jan 23 — Small businesses will be more willing to take in graduates if they have undergone technical and vocational education and training (TVET), Human Resources Minister M. Kulasegaran said today.

He said since TVET in Malaysia is already paid for by the government, it was the best option for youths to arm themselves with skills.

“Furthermore parents should also encourage their children to study in TVET. That way SMEs would be more willing to absorb them when they eventually join the workforce,” Kulasegaran said during a visit to TalentCorp Malaysia’s office.

He was responding to PKR vice-president Rafizi Ramli’s advice to the government to assist youths in finding jobs at small and medium enterprises (SMEs).

In a post on his blog yesterday, Rafizi said he also believed the government can help to increase the marketability of youths without having to spend “a single cent”.

Source: https://sg.news.yahoo.com

Comment: Most, except for a minority few programs (like aesthethics), esp at Kolej Vokasional, have great facilities…but not the trainers. Was made to understand by the Verifiers for those programs that the trainers are not well versed with the program (to the extent of not being able to identify & use the right equipment for certain treatment….all due to the supplier who supplied the wrong equipment. This bring me to speculate whether there’s element of corruption/kickbacks, causing the supplier to supply cheap, irrelevant equipments at a much inflated price, just like in the past where a simple screw driver may cost 100X more than the market price!)

Hope the PH gov able to put a stop to all these corrupt practices, it’s draining our tax payer’s money & producing sub par quality of graduates.

Malaysian private education: A neglected and over-regulated industry — National Association of Private Educational Institutions

JANUARY 24 — At the recent Majlis Amanat Tahun 2019, it was encouraging to see the minister of education showing a forward direction towards education in the new government. Providing greater autonomy for the public universities and less administrative load for teachers in the public school system, and thereby enabling teachers to focus more on teaching and learning, was part of Amanat 2019.However, it is very disappointing to note that the role of private higher education, private school education and TVET was not mentioned at all.

The private education sector has been supplementing and complementing the government in providing education for more than 80 years, since 1936. Based on current data, more than 51 per cent of post-secondary education is provided by private higher education institutions, saving the government billions of ringgit in expenditure in education. In addition, private education contributes to the economy of the country in the range of RM50 billion, of which close to RM17 billion is derived from enrollment revenue of international students. And not forgetting that all our graduates are gainfully employed and sought after by industry

However, the private education sector is becoming a sunset industry as many institutions are facing massive losses due to reduced student enrollment with some in the process of closure.

How has this come about? Past statistics showed that close to 25 per cent percent of school leavers each year do not enroll in any form of education or training. A majority of them belong to the B40 group (the group where annual household income is below RM40,000). Presently the percentage has increased from 25 per cent to more than 40 per cent. This is due to the requirement of a pass in Sejarah at SPM level. This has prevented and penalised students who have passed in other subjects including mathematics and science but failed in Sejarah. This has made a large number of SPM students ineligible to enroll for further post-secondary programmes like Pre University (Foundation, Matriculation, A-Level) as well as diploma programmes, and critically affected the enrollment of SPM school leavers in private educational institutions.

When the global focus is on science and technology and Industry 4.0, we are depriving our school leavers of the opportunity to continue on to post-secondary education and training and losing much needed talent in the workforce. NAPEI proposes that the requirement of a pass in Sejarah be reviewed. If not addressed, we believe this will also cause socioeconomic problems among the youth in the country.

In addition to the above, retarding policies and regulations set by overzealous bureaucrats related to administration and operations have further caused barriers to the progress of private education.

The enrollment of international students has dropped by about 32 per cent in 2018 due to policies and regulations that deter international students from choosing Malaysia as a study destination. Countries like Japan and Canada, which are already study destinations of choice by students, have made changes to their immigration policies and regulations in order to attract more international students. One of the more effective policies for Malaysia to attract more international students is to allow up to 20 hours a week of part time employment while studying. Another factor causing a decrease in recruitment of international students is the revocation of KDN’s licence to recruit international students. And in many cases, the KDN licences were revoked for reasons beyond the control of the institutions.

We will not be able to reach the target of 200,000 international students by 2020 and 250,000 students by 2025 if we are not serious in reviewing the existing policies and regulations.

With reference to Amanat 2019, the public education system will enjoy greater autonomy under the new proposal, but the private education sector is given less autonomy through retarding policies and over regulation of the Ministry, thus making it difficult for it to grow further. The private education industry wishes to work closely with the Ministry of Education to continue providing quality education. NAPEI suggests an impact analysis be done before any policy or regulation is rolled out, as per MPC guidelines. We are looking for more engagement with the Ministry of Education in further enhancing the human capital development of the country and to be an integral part of the new agenda outlined in Amanat 2019.

We hope related agencies and ministries like EPU, Miti and the Ministry of Finance too could be engaged to look at the bigger picture in terms of economic development of the nation and contribution to the GDP by the revenue derived from the international student market.

Source: https://www.malaymail.com

* This is the personal opinion of the writer or publication and does not necessarily represent the views of Malay Mail.
Comment: Despite all the gloom, there are still demand to purchase either a pure TVET centre or higher education centre (college and university college).
So before your college/TVET centre run into high debts, quickly sell off your license to some others who thinks that they can run & manage a college/TVET centre.
Kindly email to ismarteducare @ gmail.com or whatsapp to 012-3123430 on what you have to offer (or what you want to purchase – we already have a lilsting) with as much details as possible.