Tag Archives: TVET

From TVET in Industry 4.0 to reshaping of our perception of education

LETTER | It was a timely decision for Education Minister Dr Maszlee Malik to appoint Permatang Pauh MP Nurul Izzah Anwar as the chairperson for a newly formed Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Empowerment Committee.

So far, TVET in Malaysia has been given much less attention than mainstream academic education system. It has been run under seven ministries – the Education, Higher Education, Human Resources, Public Works, Agriculture and Agro-based Industries, Rural and Regional Development, and Youth and Sports Ministries.

There have been so many ministries involved in TVET, with an allocation of RM 4.9 billion in 2018 for the TVET Master Plan, but merely seven percent of school leavers eventually join TVET programmes.

There is an undersupply in 10 out of 12 key economic areas, while only 70 percent of vacancies in TVET are being filled up.

It is acknowledged that there has been a severe lack of coordination between the respective ministries and departments whose functions are overlapping, and some are redundant.

Streamlining TVET

There is a study underway by the Human Resources and Economic Affairs Ministries to combine all TVET into a single agency and a single ministry. TVET should be an integrated part of the education system where education is to nurture productive and competitive workforce.

This is certainly a wise and timely move to elevate the country’s economy effectively towards industrial revolution 4.0 through an effective education system. The combination of automated assembly line, the internet of things and artificial intelligence, requires highly-skilled workers highly proficient in ICT. It will also lessen our dependency on labour, especially migrant workers, while elevating our workers’ competitiveness and earning powers.

Even though there has been a positive decrease of up to 75 percent in the dropout rate from the year 2000 to 2013, youth (15 to 24) unemployment rate remains high compared to other age groups. Even if they are employed, whether they possess adequate skills affects their level of income and self-esteem.

According to Education Ministry statistics, the number of students who dropped out before completing their primary education was 3,920 students in 2013, or one percent of the total primary school student population. The number of those who do not continue to finish their secondary school is 14,396 or three percent of the student population.

In other words, we have about 20,000 non-skilled youth entering the job market, who are at worst unemployed or at best get to work as non-skilled workers at the lowest wage spectrum.

According to a Statistics Department survey in 2015, when the national unemployment figure was at 3.1 percent, the unemployment rate among youths was about 10.7 percent (15. percent for the age group 15-19; 9.3 percent for the age group 20-24) ,which is three times the national average, or make 60.8 percent of the total unemployed workforce.

This is due to their lack of education attainment, work experience and vocational skills.

Better opportunities

In 2015, of the 405,000 youths with tertiary education, 24 percent were unemployed six months after their graduation, as compared to the fact that only 9.8 percent out of 2.162 million youths without tertiary education were unemployed. 54 percent of graduates who were employed earned less than RM 2,000 a month.

On the other hand, the starting salary of vocational and technical graduates at between RM 2,000 and RM 5,000 a month is even slightly higher than university graduates. 90 percent of TVET graduates (technical and vocational education and training) are employed within a year after their graduation, and their unemployment rate is lower than the university graduates’.

Two questions have been raised as to whether what university graduates learn are mostly irresponsive to demands of the job market, and hence leads to a higher unemployment rate among them, and whether workers without tertiary education do not have quality jobs and wages to lift up their standards of living.

Besides the importance of academic and civic requirements, our education has to be more demand-driven and socially oriented. A high degree of social partnership between public and private sectors has to be sought if tertiary education is made relevant to the socioeconomic development.

Despite these facts, only eight percent of our secondary students are in TVET, which is low compared to advanced countries like Germany and Switzerland, where almost 60 percent of their students are in TVET. In Singapore, as much as 75 percent of secondary students end up in TVET, and only a minor fraction (25 percent) end up in universities.

More importantly, Singapore has geared its country for Industry 4.0 for decades. Accordingly, as a vital strategy to always stay ahead of its neighbours in order to maintain its economic relevance and competitiveness in the world economy, Singapore has long undergone a meticulous pathway charted for Industry 4.0.

According to International Federation of Robotics Report 2017, Singapore is currently ranked number 2 in the world in terms of robotic density –that is, 488 industrial robotic arms per 10,000 workers according to the International Federation of Robotics.

Like Germany, Singaporeans could start TVET as early as lower secondary school, and TVET students could eventually converge into tertiary education in an education system that advocates learning process as a life-long matter. TVET has even been a debatable issue in Singapore to be started as early as the upper primary school level.

TVET qualifications are made as equivalent as academic qualifications in South Korea. Its marketability depends heavily on the demands of the job market, especially since South Korea has been the world number 1 since 2010 for the highest industrial robotic density-that is, 631 robotic arms per 10,000 workers, reflecting its leading role in industry 4.0.

According to Bank Negara’s Economic Development Report 2017, Malaysia has an industrial robotic density of only 34 per 10,000 workers that is even lower than the Asian average of 63 per 10,000 workers, and our industrial robot density is only five percent that of South Korea’s.

Race to the bottom

There are significantly adverse trends in the country’s economic development which is heading for a more regressive labour-intensive and migrant-worker-dependence direction at the expense of the local workers’ competitiveness, productivity and earning capacity.

Firstly, in the last 15 years, the high skilled jobs’ ratio has decreased from 45 percent to 37 percent while low skilled jobs’ ratio has increased from 8 percent to 16 percent. Secondly, the most alarming trend is that 81.5 percent out of the new jobs created have gone to the foreigners, while university graduates unemployment rate has gone up yearly. There has apparently been a mismatch between the education system and the job market.

To solve the adversity in our future economic development, we need a paradigm shift from the conventional labour-intensive and migrant worker-dependent economy to a newly high-skilled and digital-proficient local workforce. The answer to it is the dire need for a highly ICT-digital-proficiency oriented TVET system.

Even though only 9.43 percent of South Korean secondary students take up vocational courses, its tertiary education enrolment rate is as high as 93.18 percent, of which 22.82 percent students engaged in vocational education at the tertiary level. Moreover, 90 percent of South Koran youth commanded a minimal level of digital literacy.

In Germany, apprenticeships in TVET, starting as early as upper secondary school at age 15, expose the apprentices to real industrial working situations. Being protected by a youth employment legislations, apprentices spend 70 percent working in real industries with paid wages and 30 percent in formal classroom education. Almost all German TVET apprentices would be re-hired by their original industries after completion of their apprenticeship.

The close social partnership between TVET institutes, public sector, private individual industries, and the relevant chambers of commerce and guilds play a vital role to make it an effective mechanism for TVET in the 4th Industrial Revolution.

Industry 4.0 involves not only automation and big data exchange in manufacturing technologies, but also includes cyber-physical systems, the internet of things, cloud computing and cognitive computing. It requires not only high skilled workers, but also a workforce with high ICT and digital proficiency.

Therefore, TVET has to be made first choice for some best students, revamping the traditional thinking of TVET as merely the choice for less capable students and academic drop-outs, in order to meet future societal and technology challenges.

The role of industry

Complaints have also been made by TVET educators themselves that Malaysian graduates do not get the deserved wages and job opportunities. This requires an open attitude from educators, and the relevant ministries and TVET institutes to work closely with private industrialists, chambers of commerce and guilds who keep afresh with the latest industrial development and market demands all the time.

Industries have to be made more willing to provide early starting point for apprenticeship as social partners or stakeholders in the process of upscale our TVET as the essential preparation for industry 4.0.

The TVET Committee is vital in institutionalise coordination between too many federal ministries undertaking TVET with the private sector and relevant guilds. For the TVET Committee to be more effective, its chairperson could be upgraded to the level of a cabinet co-minister, who coordinates all ministries, state governments, private industrialists, civil society involved in TVET and streamlines all forms of TVET and their accreditations.

Many public TVET institutions have become underutilised or unutilised where buildings are built and left astray. TVET has to be planned according to the socioeconomic demands.

Franchises of public institutions certification to non-profitable industry guilds initiated training programs are feasible to maximise utilisation of public funding and facilities. This social partnership and franchising of TVET programs is termed as “socialisation” of our education system.

Nonetheless, promoting TVET in industry 4.0 involves “democraticisation” of our education system by which the federal government needs to decentralise and share powers of administering education system including TVET with state and local governments, who know the local demands better.

State and local governments could coordinate between the chambers of commerce, guilds of various artisanship with our education system especially TVET institutes, which in turn has to be tailored according to a tripartite relation between international trends, national aspirations and local demands.

On the other hand, local industries already provide existent machineries and facilities for apprenticeship while the institutes could cut down its expenditures on setting up, but concentrating on teaching theories to the apprentices and training the trainers about on-job teaching.

TVET for Industry 4.0 forces us to review seriously about how our industries would run. While there is a high number of illegal foreign workers (1.7 million) and a marked proportion of semi-skilled local workforce, about half (54 percent) of female productive-age population actually work.

The currently inactive but potential women workforce well surpasses the number of foreign workers and could fulfil the need of our job market. The solution is to provide more welfares such as nurseries and on-job TVET.

The solution to stagnant economic performance and over-dependence on foreign workers is to “socialise” and “democraticise” our education system including targeting 60 percent youth in TVET, of which 40 percent would be female as in advanced countries like in Germany, South Korea and Taiwan, in order to achieve not only a targeted 80 percent women to be in the national workforce, but also be as competitive as their male counterparts.

The issue is not only about TVET alone. but the powers-that-be need to revamp their own perception of what ‘education’ means, which has been conventionally interpreted as the major tool to maintain the social status quo and train the future generation to be living ‘robots’ listening to the commands of their ‘owners’ – and, in recent decades, for cronyists close to them as a means to get kickbacks from construction projects of TVET institutes – than the noble intention to making our workforce prepared for the new challenge of Industry 4.0.

To promote TVET, we have to begin with reshaping our perception and policy towards education, which is not a privilege for some to profiteer, but as a birthright for all Malaysians to be equitably competitive, regardless of gender, race, religion and creeds, in an increasingly challenging world economy.

DR BOO CHENG HAU is the former state assemblyperson for Skudai.

The views expressed here are those of the author/contributor and do not necessarily represent the views of Malaysiakini (source of article)

Hello Industrial Revolution 4.0! ― Nurul Izzah Anwar

Nurul Izzah says reforming TVET requires thinking beyond courses and institutions. — Picture by Yusof Mat Isa
Nurul Izzah says reforming TVET requires thinking beyond courses and institutions. — Picture by Yusof Mat Isa

KUALA LUMPUR, June 22 ― Seven ministries. Two Malaysia National Plans. More than RM10 billion spent in a span of three years, from 2015 to 2017. And where is TVET now? Plagued by stories of thousands of stranded, unqualified youths, awaiting placement and promise of a better future.

Regardless the state of affairs, everyone who cares about Malaysia’s future should support TVET as a means to empower Malaysia’s young ― in line with our upcoming embrace of Industrial Revolution 4.0.

Yesterday, Education Minister Dr Maszlee Malik announced my pro bono-related appointment as the head of the national taskforce on reforming our country’s Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) programme.

Today, the head of NUTP decides it was a non-starter, considering the mammoth powers required to structurally reform our TVET sector.

NUTP is certainly not wrong in raising concern on the viability of action pertaining to the Pandora’s box-filled TVET.

I recall a conversation with the Secretary-General of Youth and Sports Ministry, Datuk Lokman Hakim Ali, who filled with excitement, planned for our Institut Kemahiran Belia Negara (IKBN) to adopt IR 4.0 as part of its curriculum.

Clearly, to bear fruition, the new government would have to continue with worthier initiatives of its predecessor ― transparently, accountably and efficiently.

To succeed, we need all quarters onboard. This is our Malaysia. It requires all of us to make anything work.

Reforming TVET requires us to think bigger than just courses and institutions.

At its very heart, while we accept the fact that people come with different talents in this world, we have a system that only measures and rewards one, academic talent.

And students who don’t make the cut are thrown into a barrel we now call the TVET system.

This is a systemic problem. And we should treat it as such.

Few would dispute the necessity of TVET in a modern economy; through formal and informal learning, TVET seeks to train and equip individuals with technical skills for the purposes of employment within certain industries.

While conventional education obtained through completion of university remains relevant, the incorporation of TVET as a mainstream option is of equal importance for young Malaysians seeking technical expertise for the working world. TVET is also effective for developing a sustainable, inclusive and socially equitable society and thus should be central to plans for educational reform in Malaysia.

Although TVET has existed in various forms since the 10th and 11th Malaysia Plan, the reality is these efforts have been seriously disjointed in their implementation and are in dire need of thorough structural reforms.

TVET has almost been an afterthought, with incoherent policies often in conflict with each other. Current TVET efforts for example, are supply driven which sees individuals trained in certain skills first prior to any work placement, leading to a severe mismatch of skills and industry. Elsewhere, funding is usually wholly dependent on the government, a dependency which suggests a lack of focus on TVET should funds begin to dry up, as vocational training has not been a priority of the government in the past. Certification to this point has been optional for both individuals seeking work and businesses, which has led to a lack of standards in employment. Trainers involve in TVET have also lacked the quality required for those in their office, lacking clear industry expertise while usually poorly trained themselves. Additionally, synchronization with tertiary education has been found wanting, making it difficult for those with TVET skills and certification to pursue university degrees and higher learning.

Revamping TVET has always been a key goal for Pakatan Harapan, included in the manifesto where we have promised to develop technical and vocational schools to be on par with other streams making it a viable option or alternative to all. This includes setting up a full-board TVET school for outstanding students from all walks of life enabling greater access to opportunity for Malaysians.

Alongside these manifesto promises, significant overhaul is needed for TVET implementation both in the long and short term especially if we hope to make significant progress before by year end. We should look to adopt international best practices as has begun in Penang with the implementation of the German Dual Vocational Training (GDVT).

This scheme offers financial incentives to companies that offer industrial training and/or internships to TVET students. This is reflective of a demand-based approach, where industries are committed to offering apprenticeships based on their own requirements and TVET institutions meeting that demand.

This helps to ensure individuals are equipped with relevant skills and assured to a strong degree of employment, representing an efficient outcome for everyone involved.

Industries and chambers should lead the way as they are best positioned to know the needs of the economy, supported by federal and state governments. Reducing the dependence on the government for both financial and institutional support compliments an industry-driven approach with the state providing assistance as necessary.

Policy reform is thus the best approach for government, creating favourable conditions for TVET institutions and providing incentives to both trainers and trainees, while ensuring coordination between industries and training centres.

With proper oversight, coordinated by the Jabatan Pembangunan Kemahiran under the Ministry of Human Resources, work will be done to ensure proper certification at all levels of both training and business. Where certification was previously optional, it should now be made mandatory in order for those with TVET training to find employment as well as for businesses to be eligible to hire TVET graduates.

Such standardisation of qualifications is long overdue if we want to treat TVET with the same seriousness and respect accorded to tertiary education. Alongside this is better integration and crossovers with academic pathways to provide more opportunities for those who wish to further their formal education to enhance themselves as individuals or change their career entirely.

At present, a lack of integration and accreditation prevents TVET graduates from qualifying from degree programmes at universities. The Penang state government has sought to address this by introducing short term measures aimed at providing accreditation, measures that can further be improved with concerted federal support.

These policy suggestions barely scratch the surface of the potential of TVET, one that can be harnessed to the total benefit of Malaysia and Malaysians through an inclusive approach and better engagement with all stakeholders. These steps will go a long way to dial back on the stigma against TVET and its graduates through better integration in the economy, helping to increase their economic value and ultimately providing better wages.

A holistic improvement of education in Malaysia includes the recognition and enhancement of TVET, elevating it to a status equivalent or superior to traditional tertiary education.

We must demonstrate that a university education does not have to be the be-all-end-all goal for many Malaysians, that many alternatives exist alongside these options, while a system that has for so long practiced various forms of exclusion shall now be expanded to ensure no Malaysians are left behind.

The mandate given to me is to come up with a report on structurally reforming TVET before one year is up. I’ll make sure post engaging with stakeholders, we will have a clear operational step by step action plan.

I urge NUTP to be as loud and demanding as they are today. Time and tide waits for no ministers in implementing much needed reforms.

Malaysians, say hello to industrial revolution 4.0!

*Nurul Izzah Anwar is MP for Permatang Pauh, vice-president and co-elections director for Keadilan. Nurul Izzah wrote this for Malay Mail.

Nurul Izzah to head new committee on technical and vocational training development

Nurul Izzah will head a new committee on the government's Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) programme. — Picture by Yusof Mat Isa
Nurul Izzah will head a new committee on the government’s Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) programme. — Picture by Yusof Mat Isa

PUTRAJAYA, June 21 ― Permatang Pauh MP Nurul Izzah Anwar will be heading a new committee on the government’s Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) programme, under the Education Ministry, its minister Maszlee Malik said today.

“This committee’s role is to prepare a report to strengthen and upgrade the standard of TVET.

“YB Nurul Izzah is someone who is very concerned about TVET, and has discussed with me on how TVET can help youths compete for jobs and become entrepreneurs,” Maszlee said.

“The Pakatan Harapan government understands the importance of the technical and vocational stream, and in line with Pakatan Harapan’s manifesto, we are committed to develop this stream, so that it is truly on par with other streams, and is not viewed as a mere second choice,” he added.

Nurul Izzah when met, said that she hoped to make Malaysia’s technical and vocational training on par with that in Germany.

“We know that there are over half a million Malaysian children who are outside the formal education scope, so it is our duty to lift the standard of TVET, so they will feel confident, they will feel proud with the accreditation, as proud as they would be if they are medical doctors,” Nurul Izzah said.

In January, then human resources minister Datuk Seri Richard Riot said that a TVET Council will be established, and to be chaired by then-prime minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak.

Bernama quoted Richard as saying after a TVET ministerial coordination meeting that among others, the formulation of TVET master plan, which is expected to be ready by October 2018, involving industry engagement model, TVET financing model, matching demand to supply, strategic collaboration among TVET providers and efforts to achieve 35 per cent of skilled workforce by 2020, was discussed in the meeting.

Riot also reportedly announced the appointment of Limkokwing University of Creative Technology founder and president, Tan Sri Lim Kok Wing, as TVET Malaysia adviser.

Source: https://www.malaymail.com

In youth manifesto, BN pledges RM200m for ‘agropreneurs, seapreneurs’

10 April 2018
By Azril Annuar And Ida Nadirah Ibrahim

Barisan Nasional youth supporters wave placards during the Barisan Youth Manifesto launching by Umno Youth chief, Khairy Jamaluddin at Merdeka Hall, PWTC, Kuala Lumpur, April 10, 2018. — Picture by Hari Anggara

Barisan Nasional youth supporters wave placards during the Barisan Youth Manifesto launching by Umno Youth chief, Khairy Jamaluddin at Merdeka Hall, PWTC, Kuala Lumpur, April 10, 2018. — Picture by Hari Anggara


KUALA LUMPUR, April 10 — Barisan Nasional’s (BN) manifesto for the youths launched tonight has eight pledges, chief among them to strengthen rural economies, guarantee more job opportunities, and increase income and training for young workers.

The creation of ‘agropreneur’ and ‘seapreneur’

To assist youths in rural areas, BN Youth chief Khairy Jamaluddin has promised to allocate RM180 million to fund young farmers, expected to benefit up to 10,000 “agropreneurs”.

Another RM20 million will be allocated to fund “seapreneurs”, affecting up to 1,000 young fishermen.

To create this new breed of rural youth entrepreneurs, he has promised to expand the rural digital economy through various programmes such as eUsahawan, eRezeki and eLadang while making it cheaper for youths to obtain a B2 motorcycle license under the MyLesen programme.

At the manifesto launch tonight, Khairy echoed BN chairman Datuk Seri Najib Razak’s promise to Felda settlers with a RM5,000 incentive for all, special replanting grant and to write off all replanting debts as well as debts incurred in purchasing Felda Global Venture shares.

In the manifesto, he said: “By assisting the youths in rural areas in every district, we will generate more job opportunities and guarantee that rural youths will succeed in the digital world. We will assist farmers and fishermen with funds and training programmes.”

One million jobs for youths

BN has also promised that youths will be able to take part in national infrastructure mega projects. He expected this to be able to generate more job opportunities as well.

More than one million youths will also benefit and be able to obtain career opportunities under Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), as he plans on expanding the National TVET Boot Camp short courses and premises nationwide.

Another five million schoolchildren will be prepared with the relevant skill sets to face the Digital Industrial Revolution 4.0 while more than one million tertiary education students will be receiving PTPTN loans.

Khairy has also promised to create more high skill job opportunities by developing high tech industries and through MyInternship programme where university students have the opportunity to receive industrial training.

Boosting youth income

Young teachers can rejoice under BN’s leadership with the introduction of a special incentive if they hold tuition classes after school hours while reducing administrative duties.

Under the Fair Works Commission, Khairy promised to improve the market’s salary scale while increasing minimum wage.

He has also promised to reduce the nation’s reliance on foreign workers by 15 per cent. The ratio of employee compensation will also be increased up to 40 per cent of the national gross domestic product.

“We will begin to intervene on salary increment to improve the market’s salary scheme. We will also assist the youths to pick up new online skills or their productivity by assistance to purchase work related software.

“Companies are encouraged to offer flexible working hours and the youths have the opportunity to earn more income through the Orang-E portal,” he said in the manifesto.

Creating more youth entrepreneurs

BN will also allocated RM5 billion assistance into the Youth Entrepreneurial Network — a one-stop centre for all government agencies tasked with assisting young entrepreneurs. The network will reduce bureaucratic red tape while expediting approvals for assistance.

Tax exemption and a special fund will be granted to encourage renowned brands or companies to assist small time entrepreneurs while a digital transformation for the small and medium enterprises via grants and credit loan guarantee is expected to assist them gain access into the international market.

A special allocation for Sabah and Sarawak entrepreneurs will be made available under the National Development Fund where they will provide carve-out and compete initiatives.

Easing the burden of young families

Newly-wedded couples or those planning to get married will receive a financial assistance to ease wedding expenses.

A special parental course in 168 locations nationwide will also be made available for expecting parents while the existing ADAM50 initiative will increase the financial assistance for families with newborns.

Parents who save up for their children’s education will also enjoy a special incentive while children below 12 from low income families living in low cost housing schemes will have access to art and sports classes.

Micro-credit loan conditions specifically for part-time women entrepreneurs will be made available to encourage more women generate income.

Increasing quality of life

Like the main manifesto, affordable housing has received special attention from BN Youth. It has promised to increase the number of affordable homes, make rent more affordable, transit homes, rent-to-own homes and assisting them in getting deposits.

A special bank will be created to stimulate affordable home ownership. The bank will make loan processes for homes below RM300,000 easier.

Khairy also promised to reduce broadband subscription by 50 per cent while doubling its speed in phases. Public universities will be among the first to enjoy high speed internet access of 100 gigabit per second.

Under BN’s rule, each state constituency will enjoy a public internet centre with a minimum speed of 20 megabit per second.

No one left behind

To ensure that everyone will enjoy Malaysia’s economic success, Khairy has given his guarantee to a broad segment of Malaysian society that has been left behind and forgotten.

Islamic religious school graduates will be paired up with Halal Industry Companies while the Orang Asli youths will have job opportunities with green companies. Training will also be provided for disabled youths so they may enter the mainstream job market.

Former drug abusers, former juvenile convicts, the homeless and single teen mothers will also be granted a second chance through training programmes so they too may enter the mainstream job market.

Youth participation in national administration

Youths will also be able to decide on national and local agenda. Khairy promised to establish a Youth Local Council chaired by the local council presidents or mayor so they may debate issues pertaining to youths.

He also promised a 35 per cent youth participation on Rukun Tetangga leadership committees while under the Belia@Kabinet programme, the best ideas from youths voted under the MyCadang application will be submitted to the Cabinet on a monthly basis.

Source: https://www.malaymail.com

Malaysia that guarantee job opportunity and trainings for youth

KUALA LUMPUR: A new system will be introduced by the Barisan Nasional government to safeguard job opportunities and training for youths.

The Youth Guarantee promised to provide Malaysians under 30-year olds a job or a training opportunity within six months after they registered.

BN pledged that this was not a rhetoric promise as six initiatives namely SL1M (1Malaysia Training Scheme) 2.0; MyApprenticeship; MyInternship; National Bootcamp TVET (Technical and Vocational Education and Training); Employment through Infrastructure Projects and Social Entrepreneurship Job, will kick-off to implement the system.

Under SL1M 2.0, university students and potential employers will be matched at an earlier stage while the Social Entrepreneurship Job initiative will provide incentives to social entrepreneurs in creating more job opportunities.

Meanwhile, National Bootcamp TVET to increase TVET training grounds via short courses followed by job matching with the industry player.

Youths will have more opportunity to work under the national mega infrastructure projects once Employment through Infrastructure Projects initiative is executed.

MyIntership initiative to help every public university student equipped with high Microsoft Office skill and quality industry training.

Under SL1M 2.0, university students and potential employers will be matched at an earlier stage. Pic by YAZIT RAZALI

MyApprenticeship initiative offers a new alternative to school leavers who want to work while training in five major industries.

Among other initiatives and targets to be implemented to achieve the promise include:

• More than five millions students to be equipped with skills to face the 4th Industrial Revolution.

• More than one million youth to have career and training opportunity in TVET industry.

• More than one million university students to get National Higher Education Fund Corporation (PTPTN) loan.

• Increase high-skilled jobs by spurring the development of high-tech industries

• To repair and upgrade dilapidated schools nationwide within five years.

TVET Malaysia: 5 Reasons to Consider Technical and Vocational Education and Training

TVET Malaysia: 5 Reasons to Consider Technical and Vocational Education and Training

Planning for your career is tough. There are a thousand and one things to consider. From the cost of education, your interests, job satisfaction, pay and managing social expectations; this is not an easy undertaking. Thankfully, there are many career paths and one compelling route is Technical and Vocational Education and Training or TVET for short.

According to UNESCO, TVET is:

“those aspects of the educational process involving,

  • in addition to general education,
  • the study of technologies and related sciences and
  • the acquisition of practical skills, attitudes, understanding, and knowledge relating to occupation in various sectors of economic life.”

Technical and Vocational Education and Training consists of

  • “apprenticeship training,
  • vocational education,
  • technical education,
  • technical-vocational education,
  • occupational education,
  • vocational education and training,
  • professional and vocational education,
  • career and technical education,
  • workforce education,
  • workplace education, and others.”

Going into TVET will equip you with the practical skills that will transform you into a skilled worker ready for the real world. Increasingly, it has become more apparent that academic qualifications are not the be all end of career paths as seen with the oversupply of fresh graduates in Malaysia. However, the million RM question is this. Should you be considering TVET? Read on to let us make the case!

*Disclaimer: as choosing a career and education is an important life decision, we urge you to do more research after reading this primer.

  1. 1. Proposed Raising of Minimum Wage of Local Skilled Workers by the Govt

Kim Kardashian Money
Image Credit: Giphy.com

According to The Star and other news outlets, the Govt plans to raise the minimum wage for local skilled workers to RM3,500 up from RM1,200 — achieving parity with skilled foreign workers. This is part of the plan to eventually raise this amount to RM5,000 by 2030. This proposal was put forward by Deputy Prime Minister Datuk Seri Dr. Ahmad Zahaid Hamidi along with other efforts to meet the demand for skilled workers who underwent TVET training.

Although this may or may not come to pass, it is clear that skilled workers are in high demand in Malaysia. This effort along with others shows that the Government is committed to making this a viable career path, This is in large part due to the demand for skilled workers and the shortage in supply of skilled workers.

  1. Malaysia Needs More Skilled Workers

Skilled Workers PVET
Image Credit: Fancycrave | Pexels.com

In a meeting with the press, Malaysian Chinese Association president Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai called for the training  of more skilled workers that would allow Malaysia to be competitive in a variety of industries. Currently, Malaysia is facing a labor crunch in the logistics, manufacturing and agriculture industries. These industries had to resort to finding foreign workers to fill this gap. The stats back this up as well.

Compared to other developed countries, skilled workers in Malaysia consisted of only 28% of the local workforce, compared to 43% in developed countries. It is clear that there is a demand for local skilled workers that need to be filled in Malaysia. For a country to develop and progress; having skilled workers from TVET institutes are as important if not more important as having tertiary graduates.

  1. New Jobs Created in Malaysia Will Require Skilled Workers With TVET

Carpenter at work
Image Credit: Fancycrave | Pexels.com

In addition, The Sun Daily reported that out of the 1.5 million jobs that the government is targeting to create by 2020, an estimated 60% will require someone with a TVET education. This comment was made by Human Resource Minister Datuk Seri Richard Riot Jaem.

Moreover, he added that people who underwent TVET training could access a myriad of employment opportunities as business people and digital technopreneurs. Clearly, the government is behind this initiative, raising the validity of embarking on TVET and becoming a skilled worker as a career path.

  1. TVET Careers Are Promising And Rewarding

Engineers at work PVET
Image Credit: Pixabay | Pexels.com

This point is subjective but we believe that it rings true for many. Not everyone is academically inclined or well suited for tertiary education.

A TVET education is great if you fulfill these criteria:

  1. You may prefer a more hands-on approach to learning that takes place outside the classroom.
  2. You already have an ideal career or some industry you would like to work in.
  3. You may feel that studying too much is waste of time and you would like to start work and soon as possible.
  4. You would like to learn practical things in the real world.

Most of these courses will allow you to work and study giving you a higher degree of freedom. TVET will allow you to do all these things and more.

  1. Tertiary Education Is Expensive And Not Suited for Everyone

University Stress
Image Credit: Pixabay | Pexels.com

Let’s face it, university education is not for everyone. If the thought of the SPM gives you PTSD, pursuing an alternate career path may be better for you. Furthermore, studying in university is not cheap at all. An article by The New Straits Times in 2017 showed that tuition fees in the country cost an average of RM38,000 a year.

This puts a huge strain on the parents who send their children to the university as it may cost as much as half their salaries to send their children there. This fee does not include daily expenses and often many parents take up loans to send their children to university. In contrast, TVET programs are often cheaper, take less time, more flexible and offer good career prospects as well.

We hope that reading this article will provide you useful information about your future career and educational prospects. Do let us know in the comments if there is any more useful information about this topic!

Source: https://www.shopback.my/blog/tvet-malaysia-information

Minister: More than 60pc of jobs require technical and vocational education and training by 2020

Datuk Seri Richard Riot Jaem said the government is targeting to create about 1.5 million new jobs by 2020, with 60 per cent of them requiring those having Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET). — Picture by Zuraneeza Zulkifli

Datuk Seri Richard Riot Jaem said the government is targeting to create about 1.5 million new jobs by 2020, with 60 per cent of them requiring those having Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET). — Picture by Zuraneeza ZulkifliSERIAN, March 24 — The government is targeting to create about 1.5 million new jobs by 2020, with 60 per cent of them requiring those having Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), said Human Resource Minister Datuk Seri Richard Riot Jaem.

This, he said, made TVET and important platform to enhance the skills of Malaysian work force, with 35 per cent of the skilled workers to be produced by 2020.

Towards this end, he said, the government under the leadership of Prime Minister Datuk Seri Mohd Najib Tun Razak had emphasised the need to alleviate TVET to mainstream education and with that, appointed the ministry as coordinator of TVET Malaysia.

“TVET is now seen as among the competitive field,” he told a media conference after officiating the ground-breaking ceremony for the Serian Industrial Training Institute (ILPS) here today.

He said diverse employment opportunities awaited TVET graduates, as well as to venture into business and become digital technopreneurs.

According to Riot, currently, 28 per cent of the Malaysian work-force were highly-skilled, and efforts would be made to increase it to 35 per cent in 2020.

He advised students to undertake skills training to make it easier for them to obtain jobs.

On the Serian ILP Serian project, Riot said it would be built on a  56.76 acre site in Kampung Tenggak, Serian, and cost RM300 million.

Construction work on the project would begin in May this year and expected to complete in 33 months, he said.

Riot said the ILP in Serion was scheduled to be in operation in 2021 and could accommodate 600 trainees at one time.

The Serian ILP will be the fourth in Sarawak, after the one in Miri, Kota  Samarahan and Bintulu.

Source: Bernama

Gaji minimum graduan TVET dicadang dinaikkan kepada RM3,500

Gaji minimum graduan TVET dicadang dinaikkan kepada RM3,500

Ahmad Zahid mencadangkan gaji minimum bagi tenaga kerja mahir lepasan Latihan dan Pendidikan Teknikal dan Vokasional (TVET) dinaikkan daripada RM1,200 kepada sekurang-kurangnya RM3,500.

KUALA LUMPUR: Timbalan Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Ahmad Zahid Hamidi mencadangkan gaji minimum bagi tenaga kerja mahir lepasan Latihan dan Pendidikan Teknikal dan Vokasional (TVET) dinaikkan daripada RM1,200 kepada sekurang-kurangnya RM3,500.

Langkah itu jelasnya, bagi menyelaraskan gaji minimum pekerja mahir dari luar negara yang kini memperoleh gaji minimum lebih daripada angka berkenaan.

“Kalau kita lihat kini pekerja mahir yang mendapat kelulusan khas expatriate oleh Imigresen Malaysia mesti mempunyai gaji minima RM3,500. Jadi kita kena samakan (gaji pekerja mahir tempatan) dengan pekerja mahir luar sekurang-kurangnya RM3,500.

“Tentunya kita mesti menaikkan kadar gaji minima pekerja mahir ini menyamai sekurang-kurangnya seperti pekerja expatriate luar negara,”katanya dalam sidang media selepas melancarkan Ekspo  TVET Malaysia 2018 di Pusat Dagangan Dunia Putra (PWTC) di sini hari ini.

Dalam pada itu, Ahmad Zahid juga mencadangkan Majlis TVET Msia diwujudkan seperti mana yang diumumkan Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak untuk  memperlihatkan keprihathinan kerajaan dasar program berkenaan.

Sehubungan itu satu kertas memorandum mengenai Majlis TVET Malaysia akan disediakan oleh Menteri Sumber Manusia, Datuk Seri Richard Riot sebelum dibentangkan di peringkat kabinet.

“Jika dipersetujui jemaah menteri, saya akan mempengerusikan Majlis TVET Malaysia, bukan sahaja koordinasi, tetapi juga pengiktirafan oleh sebuah badan khusus dapat dilakukan bagi membolehkan kebolehpasaran guna tenaga yang tidak diselaras,” ujarnya.

Tambahnya, Malaysia mensasarkan gaji minima tenaga kerja mahir lepasan TVET akan mencapai RM5,000 pada tahun 2030.

“Ini menggalakkan lebih ramai guna tenaga masuk ke bidang TVET ini. Saya juga mencadangkan selain kemahiran yang akan diperoleh melalui kursus , mereka perlu diberi peluang untuk dapat diploma dan ijazah supaya kombinasi ini akan membolehkan mereka berada di tahap yang sepatutnya . kata beliau lagi.

Ahmad Zahid juga menegaskan TVET bukan lagi pilihan kedua, sebaliknya menjadi pilihan pertama.

Ketika ini katanya, guna tenaga mahir Malaysia mencatatkan 28 peratus dan Malaysia mensasarkan untuk mencapai 43 peratus tenaga kerja mahir apabila negara mencapai status negara maju.

Sumber: http://www.astroawani.com

Komen: Timbalan Menteri kita ni pandai, bukan syiok sendiri, tapi nak anak-anak muda kita syiok sendiri (kan PRU dah dekat?). Kalau saya tak salah mentafsir kenyataan beliau, gaji minima bermaksud graduan yang masih mentah pun mula dengan RM3,500?
Tanyalah pengurus sumber manusia, majikan dan rata-ratanya orang ramai yang sudah jejak dunia pekerjaan, adakah kebanyakan graduan kini, tak kira kemahiran ke akademik, layak?
Kelemahan bahasa, komunikasi, sikap dsbgnya menjadi punca saya kata kebanyakannya tidak layak. Ini kerana produktiviti mereka tidak akan setimpal dengan gaji minima yang akan dibayar (jika RM3,500).
Tidak boleh dinafikan ada segolongan kecil graduan yang layak namun saya rasa ia adalah minoriti.

Apa pula kata anda?

Riot Dismisses Claims That TVET Problematic, Not Systematic

Pic: NST (Human Resources Minister Datuk Seri Richard Riot Jaem (2nd from right) with Education Minister Datuk Seri Idris Jusoh (3rd from right) attend the Technical and Vocational Educational Training (TVET) Malaysia Ministerial Coordination Committee Meeting in Cyberjaya.)Pic: NST (Human Resources Minister Datuk Seri Richard Riot Jaem (2nd from right) with Education Minister Datuk Seri Idris Jusoh (3rd from right) attend the Technical and Vocational Educational Training (TVET) Malaysia Ministerial Coordination Committee Meeting in Cyberjaya.)

KUALA LUMPUR: Human Resources Minister Datuk Seri Richard Riot Jaem today described reports that the Technical and Vocational Educational Training (TVET) was problematic with no uniformity, as inaccurate.

He said seven ministries involved – the Human Resources, Higher Education, Education, Youth and Sports, Rural and Regional Development, Works and the Agriculture and Agro-based Ministries – had all agreed to develop a synergised programme for TVET.

Riot said this was in line with Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak’s announcement on the implementation of TVET on Sept 27 last year and during the tabling of Budget 2018.

“This is further strengthened by the ministerial level TVET Malaysia Coordination Committee Meeting held on Jan 16, which was also attended by industry representatives,” said Riot.

“We had also agreed to implement TVET Malaysia in a more coordinated way, headed by the Human Resources Ministry.”

In a statement issued by the Human Resource Ministry today, Riot also said the allocation of RM4.9 billion through Budget 2018 proved the government’s strong commitment towards the implementation of TVET, to be utilised by the seven ministries involved.

“The Human Resources Ministry is now increasing efforts to identify issues and problems, implement programmes and initiatives and set objectives in terms of direction through the collaborative efforts between the seven ministries,” said Riot.

“This is to ensure the implementation of TVET Malaysia is in line with the domestic and international economic landscape, technological developments and requirements under the Industrial Revolution 4.0.”

Riot said, the Jan 16 meeting had also determined the need to increase skilled labour from 28 percent in 2015 to 35 percent by 2020, and consequently the need to increase the quantity and quality of TVET qualified workers to 225,000 in 2020, from 164,000 five years earlier.

He said the TVET Council, which is to be chaired by the Prime Minister, will act as the highest authority in determining the policies, implementation and coordination of TVET Malaysia.


JTM, Gamuda dan Yayasan Peneraju Jalin Kerjasama Strategik Lahir Tenaga Kerja Mahir Projek MRT

Sumber imej: The Star Online

KUALA LUMPUR, 24 Jan (Bernama) — Jabatan Tenaga Manusia (JTM), Gamuda Berhad dan Yayasan Peneraju Pendidikan Bumiputera baru-baru ini telah menjalinkan kerjasama strategik untuk melahirkan tenaga kerja mahir projek Mass Rapid Transit (MRT).

JTM dalam satu kenyataan berkata, kerjasama strategik ini merupakan latihan industri di bawah Program JTM – Peneraju Skill Iltizam iaitu program yang menjanjikan graduan lepasan TVET daripada Institusi Latihan Jabatan Tenaga Manusia (ILJTM) peluang pekerjaan dalam pembinaan 11 stesen bawah tanah untuk projek MRT Laluan Sungai Buloh-Serdang-Putrajaya (SSP) yang dijangka akan disiapkan menjelang tahun 2022.

“Menyedari akan kepentingan serta keperluan sumber tenaga manusia daripada kalangan warga tempatan dalam melaksanakan projek ini, JTM telah diberi mandat oleh Yayasan Peneraju melalui Program JTM – Peneraju Skill Iltizam bagi melatih bakal pekerja untuk berkhidmat dengan Gamuda Berhad dalam dalam projek MRT sebagai Tunnel Crew, Erector Operator dan Assistant Mechanic,” demikian menurut kenyataan itu.

JTM katanya telah merangka strategi yang khusus dalam melaksanakan Program JTM – Peneraju Skill Iltizam ini yang akan dilaksanakan pada tahun 2018.

Program ini akan melibatkan lima buah institusi yang terpilih iaitu Pusat Latihan Teknologi Tinggi (ADTEC) Kemaman, ADTEC Bintulu, Institut Latihan Perindustrian (ILP) Pedas, ILP Kota Samarahan dan ILP Kota Kinabalu.

Seramai 280 orang belia Malaysia disasarkan mengikuti latihan untuk tahun ini dan mereka akan menjalani latihan intensif selama tiga bulan di ILP dan ADTEC dan akan menjalani Latihan Industri (LI) yang khusus dalam bidang Tunneling selama tiga bulan di Gamuda’s Tunnelling Training Academy (TTA), Selangor.

Peserta yang berjaya tamat latihan akan diberi sijil ‘Skills Proficiency Certificate’ oleh City & Guilds, United Kingdom sebelum diserap menjadi sebahagian daripada krew pembinaan Projek MRT.

JTM berkata selain daripada menyediakan pekerja kepada Projek MRT, kerjasama strategik antara ketiga-tiga pihak ini juga membolehkan 200 orang belia tempatan mengikuti program Peneraju Skil Iltizam Industralised Building System (IBS) Production Technician di ILP Kuala Terengganu.

Sistem Binaan Berindustri (IBS) juga dikenali sebagai pembinaan pasang siap digunakan secara meluas di negara-negara maju kerana kaedah ini membolehkan komponen-komponen binaan dihasilkan di kilang dalam persekitaran terkawal dan dihantar ke tapak pembinaan untuk dipasang menjadi struktur dengan tenaga kerja yang minimum.

Teknologi IBS Ini secara tidak langsung dapat meningkatkan kualiti bangunan dan kerja, mengurangkan penggunaan buruh asing di tapak projek serta mempercepatkan kerja pembinaan. Melalui program ini, peserta akan mengikuti latihan kemahiran serta LI selama 5 bulan sebelum diambil sebagai pekerja IBS di Gamuda Berhad.

Sementara itu, JTM berkata penglibatan Yayasan Peneraju di dalam kerjasama ini membolehkan peserta mengikuti program ini secara percuma, selain diberikan elaun bulanan sepanjang latihan.

Program-program TVET yang ditawarkan bukan sahaja membolehkan kemahiran spesifik kepada pekerjaan dapat dikuasai dalam tempoh yang singkat, malah ianya membolehkan mereka terlibat secara langsung dalam industri pembinaan di negara ini.

Selari dengan visi JTM iaitu menjadi organisasi peneraju dalam membangunkan tenaga kerja yang berdaya saing, Program JTM – Peneraju Skil Iltizam diharap dapat melahirkan warga tempatan yang berkemahiran serta mampu memenuhi keperluan industri pembinaan.