Tag Archives: SPM

Halatuju Lepasan SPM – Akademik atau TVET? Mana Lebih Best?

halatuju lepasan SPM 2019
Halatuju Lepasan SPM 2019 – Laluan akademik & Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia / TVET

Apakah halatuju anda sebagai lepasan SPM 2019?
Tahniah kepada anda jika lulus SPM 2019 dengan cemerlang. Dengan keputusan yang baik, pilihan anda memanglah banyak.
Laluan akademik seperti Matrikulasi, Program Asasi, STAM/STPM dan Diploma Akademik adalah antara pilihan anda.

Namun, laluan TVET/program kemahiran yang menganugerahkan SKM juga boleh dipertimbangkan. Ia memang lebih BEST berbanding dengan laluan akademik sekiranya anda jenis yang suka hands-on. Peluang kerja juga agak tinggi berbanding graduan laluan akademik. Bukan sahaja peluang kerja tinggi tetapi untuk bidang kemahiran tertentu seperti underwater welding, gajinya agak lumayan juga. Jadi, BEST tak?

Ya, jangan ingat program kemahiran cuma untuk mereka yang gagal/tidak cukup kredit untuk SPM.

Sejak keputusan SPM keluar pada 5 Mac 2020, ramai pelajar dan ibu bapa lepasan SPM 2019 telah mesej, whatsapp atau hubungi min berkenaan kursus yang boleh diambil, terutamanya mereka yang tidak cukup kredit/gagal SPM Sejarah/BM.

Untuk pengetahuan anda, kursus kemahiran rata-ratanya cuma perlukan kemahiran 3M, boleh Membaca, Mengira & Menulis. Ini kerana fokus adalah pada kemahiran tangan/hands-on (70%) berbanding dengan teori (30%).

Dan untuk membantu anda/anak anda memilih kursus kemahiran/TVET, pertama sekali tanya anda/anak anda sendiri apakah minat atau hobinya.
Adalah lebih penting pemilihan kursus berdasarkan minat anda/anak anda, bukannya berdasarkan kursus apa yang paling panas/popular.

Berikut adalah beberapa contoh lazim pemilihan program (pencarian kursus di Pusat Bertauliah JPK adalah mengikut nama/kod program) berdasarkan minat:

halatuju lepasan SPM 2019
Automotif – G452-002-2:2018 atau kod lama TP-300-2/2:2013 Servis Diagnostik – Kenderaan Ringan
halatuju lepasan SPM 2019
Kimpalan – MC-024-2:2012 Proses Kimpalan Arka Kepingan Logam
kursus penyediaan makanan
Masakan/kulinari – HT-012-2:2012 Penyediaan & Pembuatan Makanan
kursus pembuatan roti
Bakeri – HT-013-2:2011 Pembuatan Roti 
Kecantikan – MP-060-2:2013 Perkhidmatan Estetik
kursus pendidikan awal kanak-kanak
ECE – T982-001-3:2017 atau kod lama
CC-011-3:2012 PENDIDIKAN & PENJAGAAN AWAL KANAK-KANAK

Anda juga boleh muat turun Daftar NOSS untuk mengetahui semua standard pekerjaan yang telah dibangunkan setakat ini (namun, tidak semua program ada penyedia latihannya).

Sekiranya anda tidak tahu di mana nak belajar kursus kemahiran tertentu, boleh isi borang tunjuk minat di sini (Swasta dan BERBAYAR shj).

Jika anda tiada bajet dan cuma mampu belajar di institut kemahiran awam, sila rujuk sini.

Akhir sekali, sekiranya anda dah ada SKM3 dan ke atas (DKM, DLKM) atau pengalaman industri >3 tahun, anda juga berpeluang untuk melanjutkan ke ijazah eksekutif (program URise) dari Universiti Tun Abdul Razak ataupun diploma, ijazah sarjana muda (Bachelors) & ijazah sarjana (Masters) melalui laluan APEL jika dah berumur 20,21 & 30 tahun masing-masing.

Jadi, SPM sudah bukan segala-galanya. Tanpa SPM juga boleh lanjutkan sehingga ke Universiti ya.

Daftar Bengkel SKM-PPT
Mohon kursus kemahiran / TVET anda sekarang (SWASTA & BERBAYAR)

Poor SPM Results? Here’s What You Can Do Next To Further Your Education, ALL The Way to DEGREE! (Updated from 2019)

Updated from 2019’s post

Poor SPM Results? What’s Next?

So, the day of reckoning is over and you’ve gotten your SPM results.

If your results aren’t as you expected, or if you fell short on some subjects that you thought you could have scored, it’s okay to feel gloomy or guilty that you didn’t utilise more of your time to study.

But after a week of being down in the dumps, it’s probably time for you to pick yourself up again. After all, SPM is just a small test in the grand scheme of things. Chances are, no one is going to harass you about it before the year ends.

So instead of crying about it, here are 5 things you can do if your SPM results are not as good as you anticipated.

#1. Appeal your grades

Poor spm result what to do next - 1 Appeal your grades

If you are seeking to meet the entry requirements for your desired pre-university course, or if you think your grades are right below the borderline to a higher grade, you can try getting your paper marked again.

With a fee to part with (RM100 per subject), you can have your papers remarked and hopefully (fingers crossed!), you will be able to attain a higher grade that will open doors to various opportunities.

To submit an appeal, you will need to fill up a form called Borang Permohonan Penyemakan Semula Keputusan Peperiksaan/Kes T, which is on the Board of Examination Malaysia (Lembaga Peperiksaan Malaysia) website. You can also find it at any of these places:

  • Your school
  • Assessment and Examination Unit / Sector (Sektor / Unit Penilaian dan Peperiksaan)
  • State Department of Education (Jabatan Pendidikan Negeri)
  • Examination review counter in the Board of Examination Malaysia in Putrajaya (Kaunter Semak Semula Lembaga Peperiksaan Putrajaya)

You need to make sure that your form reaches the Board of Examination Malaysia’s office within 30 days after SPM results are announced or else it will not be processed. Your reviewed results will be posted to you 2 months after the appeal deadline. Ensure that you attach the following required documents:

  • verified copy of your official SPM 2019 results
  • verified certificate or copy of your pentaksiran berdasarkan sekolah (PBS) or school-based assessments by your school principal or Pegawai Kerajaan Kumpulan A

*Incomplete forms will not be processed.

#2. Retake your subjects

Poor spm result what to do next - 2 Retake your subjects

If you are not confident that having your papers reviewed will improve your grades, or if you want to aim for a higher grade, perhaps you can choose to resit your papers.

For a step-by-step guide on repeating your SPM subjects, click here.

Do note that for SPM Ulangan in Junethere are only 3 subjects that you can register for. These include:

  • Mathematics
  • Bahasa Melayu
  • Sejarah

If you’d like to retake papers for other subjects, you will need to register as an SPM private candidate and sit for the papers with the rest of the present year SPM students in November / December.

You will need to consider this option thoroughly as it will take another year for you to obtain better grades. By then, your peers may have already completed a year of their pre-university studies so be sure to make it count!  

Resitting papers is usually for students who are looking to enter specific pre-university or degree courses. So if you are looking to study a foundation course and you’re just shy of one credit, this is an option you can consider!

#3. Pursue diploma or certificate courses

Poor spm result what to do next - 3 Pursue diploma or certificate courses

If you’re missing a couple of credits from your SPM slip, you can also consider other pathways, such as pursuing a diploma or certificate. After all, they can still lead you to selected degree courses.

For a start, a diploma only requires 3 credits at SPM. Upon completion, you can then progress to the second year of a relevant degree. This makes your total study duration similar to taking a foundation then a degree.

Certificate courses, on the other hand, typically require only 1 credit, as long as you pass Bahasa Melayu and History. Completing a certificate will allow you to progress to a diploma and subsequently a degree.

So if you think retaking your papers will not change your grades, you may consider these alternatives, provided that you meet the entry requirements.

#4. Pursue skills/TVET certificate & diploma courses

If you don’t have enough credits but intend to pursue an academic diploma, some University or University Colleges also accept Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia (SKM) as an entrance requirement.

No worries, if you don’t have any credit or worse still, failed in your SPM (parents force you to complete SPM despite your interest is in skills based programs), you can always pursue your interest in skills/TVET courses.

Remember, pursuing skills/TVET courses should not be your last resort but must be your interest. Studies has shown that graduates with skills are much more employable – 80 to 90 per cent of them are able to get a job after six months upon graduation (vs graduates from academic background. Those taking cert/diploma/degree in business studies, marketing, information technology, social science courses will find it hard to land a job, unlike those who take Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET) courses.

#5. Contact us (Finding TVET course despite poor SPM results)

If you are undecided on what course or where to pursue your TVET/skills courses, you can get in touch with us here or call us at +6012 3123430. We will be happy to help!

At the end of the day, it doesn’t matter if your SPM results are good or bad because it’s not the end of the road yet. There are still plenty of things you can do to secure your future. Many have managed to become successful, even without a string of As.

Credit: https://eduadvisor.my (Points 1-3 are from them)

Charting your pathway after SPM (Especially TVET)

Must read till the end on the comment section if you seriously consider the TVET pathway or:
1. Already a TVET graduate with SKM/SVM/DKM/DVM
2. Has been working in a particular TVET/skills industry for more than 3 years.


SPM school leavers must know what they want to become one day, what programmes to pursue, and what qualifications are needed to get into the programmes.

WITH Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) results expected to be announced next month, school leavers should begin planning their future and start looking at study options.

There is no lack of choice in terms of programmes at public and private higher-learning institutions that cater to hands-on students and the academically-inclined.

Education Ministry Higher Education Department deputy director-general Professor Datuk Dr Mohd Saleh Jaafar said there are many options for SPM school leavers.

“They include certificate courses, foundation studies, matriculation and diploma programmes at private and public universities, colleges, polytechnics, community colleges and skills training institutes.

“Others include degrees offered by the Malaysian Institutes of Teaching Education (IPGM),” he said.

“There is also Form 6, where school leavers can enter university after sitting for Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia (STPM).”

He said each option has its own merits.

“School leavers, either with SPM or STPM (or equivalent) qualification, must have in-depth discussion with their parents, family members, their counselling teachers and seniors, perhaps, to gain information and gauge which option is best.

“They must take into account their own interest and what the future holds,” he said.

Chen Ai Koon, a counselor at SMK Seri Serdang in Seri Kembangan, Selangor, said there are basically two pathways after SPM.

The first is the pursuit of professional careers like medicine, accounting, engineering and architecture. Second is for those who are keen on skills-based jobs.

The first pathway, she said, provides a faster route to getting a degree, which involves taking up pre-university programmes like matriculation, foundation studies or Form 6. The second is the technical and vocational education and training – TVET pathway, which involves taking up certificate and diploma courses.

TVET pathway

“The main aim of a diploma programme is to produce a semi-professional workforce.

“A diploma gives an opportunity for SPM school leavers who did not qualify for pre-university studies to be trained for the working world.

“However, if the diploma student can prove that he or she is able to excel in studies, he or she will have the opportunity to continue to a bachelor’s degree. It is important to note that this is not an automatic process.”

To decide on the pathway, Chen said SPM school leavers must know what they want to become one day, what programmes to pursue, and what qualifications are needed to get into the programmes.

Saleh said when choosing between a public and private university, both have their own strengths and specialties.

“The quality of universities can be seen in the QS World University Rankings and local MyQuest Rating.

“Students should choose their programmes wisely by looking into the prospective university’s QS World ranking and MyQuest Rating scores. The quality of programmes should be a key factor.

“In addition, students should consider their financial ability to ensure that they are not burdened with problems during studies and after graduation.”

Saleh said tuition fees at public universities are subsidised by the government to help students obtain high-quality education at a low cost.

There are also sponsorships provided by government agencies, such as the Public Service Department and Education Ministry scholarship department.

“Besides those, private entities like Yayasan Tenaga National, Petronas, Telekom Malaysia and Bank Negara Malaysia also offer their own scholarships.

“This initiative will help poor, deserving students obtain a higher education,” he said.

On the prospects of SPM school leavers enrolling directly in higher education institutions, Saleh said looking at the past three years’ trend, there is a better success rate.

“A total of 50.1 per cent of eligible SPM candidates were offered a seat in the 2017/2018 academic session. This percentage increased to 86.5 in the 2018/2019 academic session.

“However, for the 2019/2020 academic session, only 69.09 per cent were offered places in certificate, foundation and diploma programmes at public universities, polytechnics, community colleges and skills training institutes,” he said.

This year, with the implementation of the “Single-window, single-offer” concept — where matriculation and places for the Bachelor of Education (PISMP) at IPGM will also be offered via UPUOnline — the university enrollment of SPM school leavers is expected to increase.

For 2020, I am expecting to see higher demand for TVET programmes since the government is focusing on initiatives that produce highly-skilled workers to cater to the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

This is the time for school leavers to grab the opportunities. Choose what is best for you. Don’t close your door to TVET pathway.

Education Ministry Higher Education Department deputy director-general Professor Datuk Dr Mohd Saleh Jaafar

To assist students in making their choices, Higher ED will be running an in-depth series on choices after SPM over the coming weeks. Don’t miss it!

Source: https://www.nst.com.my/education

Comment:
Based on the mid-term review of 11th Malaysia Plan, Graduate employability rate for higher education has improved steadily over the years from 76.1% in 2015 to 79.1% in 2017. Nevertheless, feedback from industry highlighted that graduates lacked problem-solving and communication skills. Moreover, the percentage of graduates employed in the semi-skilled job category increased from 28.2% in 2015 to 35.2% in 2017 implying a mismatch and underemployment.

That could mean that there’s more demand for TVET graduates going forward and if you/your child is non-academically inclined, do not force yourself/them to go towards higher education which is of academic-oriented. Instead, consider TVET pathway – polytechnics, community colleges, public and private skill training institutes.

And later on, they can always pursue a diploma or degree after working.
And if you’re in the private sector, there’s now a faster & easier way to pursue a (professional) diploma or (executive) degree if you are a TVET graduate with SKM/SVM/DKM/DVM qualification, even without SPM!

Register your interest for a professional diploma or executive degree from a private local university if you only have SKM/SVM/DKM/DVM qualifications. Even if no formal qualifications but has >3 years of industrial experience, you are encouraged to apply.

Dr M: TVET to be prioritised to enhance people’s income

Watch the video at Astro Awani‘s FB Page on Shared Prosperity Vision

Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad said the move was important to “upskill” the people to be more capable and efficient, and be able to do more “sophisticated work”. – NSTP/MOHD FADLI HAMZAH


PUTRAJAYA: The government will place priority on technical and vocational education and training (TVET), in efforts to increase the people’s income, under the Shared Prosperity Vision.

Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad said the move was important to “upskill” the people to be more capable and efficient, and be able to do more “sophisticated work”.

“The income gap between the rich and poor is too wide so we need to increase the people’s income.

“But we don’t want to do this by just increasing wages but (we want) to improve their capacity so that they are more productive, and give them training so that they are more capable and efficient.

“For example, we are already in the aerospace industry, and even some parts of airplane engines assembly are being done in Malaysia.” he said this after chairing a special cabinet meeting on the Shared Prosperity Vision here, yesterday.

Dr Mahathir said the cabinet has agreed that TVET played an important role in improving the skills of workers and that training must be made a priority.

“Our (2020) Budget would prioritise such areas. If there is not enough money for all, we would have to lessen the budget for other areas with lesser priority,” he added.

Dr Mahathir said the government would also give focus to poorer states, reducing wealth disparities from richer states.

He listed Kelantan, Perlis and Kedah as among the three poorest states in Malaysia.

“Another gap is between the urban and rural areas, where those living in urban areas are richer than those staying in the rural areas.

“So a programme must be created to increase the income of those living in the rural areas,” Dr Mahathir added.

In explaining further, Economic Affairs Minister Datuk Seri Mohamed Azmin Ali said the government would apply the spirit of shared prosperity in the 2020 Budget, and prioritise sectors such as TVET and skills training.

“This will be given consideration by the Finance Ministry to be refined in the 2020 Budget.”

The Shared Prosperity Vision was announced by Dr Mahathir at the tabling of the mid-term review of the 11th Malaysia Plan in October 2018 in Parliament.

Its framework was also explained by the prime minister in his May 9 speech earlier this year in conjunction with Pakatan Harapan’s one year in government.

The Shared Prosperity Vision will encompass the 12th and 13th Malaysia Plans, spanning 10 years from 2021 to 2031.

Source: https://www.nst.com.my/

Comment: Not sure how the government is going to prioritise the TVET sector. As Tun M mentioned that if budget is insufficient for all, then it has to be channeled to the priority sectors. So I would assume that more funds are to be allocated to the sector, such as more funds to PTPK to loan students, especially from the B40, which are mainly from rural areas & also the urban poor. Hopefully this would then enhance this group’s earning capability and reduce the income gap.

For the benefit/knowledge of those outside TVET industry, insufficient PTPK loan in the past 1-2 years has caused many students (esp B40 group) that is interested to pursue
TVET courses unable to continue their studies at private & government TVET institutions.

This has an economic & social impact:


1. Economic
Effect on TVET institutions – With the limited quota provided to TVET institutions, especially the private ones, many has folded up or
ready for sale as they couldn’t sustain the business due to over-reliance on loan to recruit students.

Effect on TVET trainers & supporting staffs – These trainers who have SKM in their field and
Vocational Training Operation (especially those that do not have industry experience but fresh from TVET institutions like CIAST) would probably be now jobless or work in non-related field that pays them nothing more than a SPM school leaver’s qualification.

Effect on students – As the students who may not even have SPM or poor SPM results, they have no where to upgrade themselves or learn a skills to uplift their economic livelihood.

2. Social
Since the students are not able to further their studies, they may have high probability of being unemployed or worse still, involved in petty crimes, become Mat Rempit, drug addicts, gangsterism and other illegal activities.

UPSI is first public university to offer TVET graduates to further studies

Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI) has emerged as the first public university to offer the opportunity to technical and vocational education and training (TVET) graduates to continue their studies.By Basir Zahrom – 
February 20, 2018 @ 9:39pm

KUALA LUMPUR: Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI) has emerged as the first public university to offer the opportunity to technical and vocational education and training (TVET) graduates to continue their studies.

UPSI vice-chancellor Prof Datuk Dr Mohammad Shatar Sabran, said the first cohort have already registered early this month, involving 20 vocational college and skills training public institutes.

He said, in order to create more flexibility with regards to entrance opportunities while still meeting quality standards set by the Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA), UPSI is opening the door to TVET students who obtain a Malaysia Vocational Diploma (DVM) and Malaysian Skills Diploma (DKM) with an overall minimum GPA of 3.66 at Malaysian Vocational Certificate (SVM) level.

“Those who fail to meet the minimum requirements such as the History subject, can sit for the paper on their own or take the subject, equivalent to the SPM.

“TVET graduates who wish to continue their studies in UPSI have to pass the Malaysian University English Test (MUET) at Band 2 and pass Band 3 to graduate, as well as pass the Malaysian Educators Selection Inventory (MedSi) test, as well as an interview,” he said.

Previously, vocational college students had to have a two-year working experience in order to obtain the Accreditation of Prior Experiential Learning (APEL) certificate from MQA to enable them to continue their studies to Bachelor’s Degree.

As such, UPSI’s offer opens the door to more opportunities to vocational college students to continue their studies at degree level without having to possess an APEL certificate, but only meet SVM requirements.

The move is in line with the establishment of UPSI’s Technical and Vocational Faculty campus in Teluk Intan in 2019.

He said, for the first cohort, the learning opportunity covers Bachelor’s Degree in Agricultural Science, Home Economics, Design and Technology, as well as Human Resources Management.

For diploma level, there is a minimum 2.5 CGPA requirement, which is on par with Level 4 of the Malaysian qualifications framework, as well as meet other requirements such as a pass in Bahasa Melayu, as well as a pass or credit in History at SPM level.

Source: www.nst.com.my (February 20, 2018 )

Comment: Believe that many TVET/SKM holders are still unaware of the opportunities to further their study to Universities, IPTA or IPTS.
Some critics may say tertiary (Degree, Masters, PhD) paper qualification does not guarantee you success in your career, actual fact is that it does really help to build and enhance your critical thinking skills. And with just a technical skills qualifications, how far can you go?
But it’s different if you have technical skills and then combined with management skills (and paper qualification), you will rise@URISE up in your career. And along with it a better quality of life for your family and maybe higher social status (as opposed to just a technician).
You are well aware that there are just too many fresh graduates out there who can’t get a job or decent job because they don’t have the right skills to match the industry.


BUT YOU CAN BE DIFFERENT! Skills professional with competency & management skills, the WORLD is YOURS!

SIGN UP HERE

More choices for SPM holders at fair




(From second left) Wong and Dr Ramasamy holding up a banner on the upcoming Education Fair 2019 with  representatives from participating organisations at the press conference in Komtar.
(From second left) Wong and Dr Ramasamy holding up a banner on the upcoming Education Fair 2019 with representatives from participating organisations at the press conference in Komtar.

SPM certificate holders will find plenty of courses and career options at the Education Fair 2019 at Mydin Mall in Bukit Mertajam, Penang, on Saturday and Sunday.

The fair will feature 32 colleges, universities, technical vocational education and training (TVET) institutions in over 50 booths from 11am to 6pm.

SME Association of Seberang Prai president Francis Wong said the timing would be just right for SPM holders to look for suitable courses and career options.

“This is perfect time for students to explore their options in further studies.

“The location is also strategic as there are plenty of car parking lots. It is convenient for the public,” he said during a press conference at Komtar recently.

Deputy Chief Minister II Dr P. Ramasamy said the fair organised by the state government is aimed at helping school leavers and SPM candidates in deciding on the most suitable study course to pursue after completing secondary education.

“It is also the first time we are introducing TVET in this expo held for the third time since 2017.

“Students and parents may see TVET as ‘inferior education’ but TVET actually has a wide scope in the market and is packed with potential,” he added.

For more details, visit www. penexpo.com.my

Source: www.thestar.com.my

Comment: If you are interested to pursue TVET education but do not know where to find these institutions, fill up your details here

TVET – Maybe a better alternative than academic?


“Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) should be rebranded as an attractive pathway for SPM leavers, especially for those not academically inclined”

Many parents, especially Chinese, would not even consider TVET/skills courses as it’s been looked as a 2nd class education. However, do you know that advanced countries like Germany, it is better to be a TVET graduate, armed with skills that have high demand in the market such as crane operator, underwater welding than university graduate (especially general degrees like social science, business studies, marketing etc) with no job prospect at all. AND do you know that 80-90% technical skills graduates are employed within 6 months upon graduation?

Perspective aside, awareness is also an issue as there are still many parents & children unaware about the prospects. Even if they know, most do not know where to seek advice or know where these TVET institutions are.

Worry not, we’re here to help. If you think you/your child/nephew or niece is more suitable to pursue the TVET pathway, kindly fill up your details here.

PS:
1. If you/your child insist on pursuing academic pathway but has poor SPM results, read here on what can be done
2. Most TVET institutions accept students from 16 years of age.
3. If budget is really a constraint & you can’t even afford to have a study loan, you may consider public TVET institutions but there are disadvantages in studying in those institutions (you may read more at the link given)

Mukhriz: Youth should look at TVET’s marketability

Datuk Seri Mukhriz Mahathir said the perception that TVET as the second option should stop as TVET graduates have proven to have gained popularity in the industry especially in the era of the fourth industrial revolution (IR 4.0). — Picture by Mukhriz Hazim
Datuk Seri Mukhriz Mahathir said the perception that TVET as the second option should stop as TVET graduates have proven to have gained popularity in the industry especially in the era of the fourth industrial revolution (IR 4.0). — Picture by Mukhriz Hazim

JITRA, March 17 — Young people have been urged to consider the Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) for all its advantages while furthering their education, especially in terms of graduates’ marketability.

Kedah Mentri Besar Datuk Seri Mukhriz Mahathir said the perception that TVET as the second option should stop as TVET graduates have proven to have gained popularity in the industry especially in the era of the fourth industrial revolution (IR 4.0).

“TVET has been through the current paradigm shift and I welcome the industry players to ensure the training carried out to meet the needs of the industry today.

“Therefore, the government transforms and empowers TVET so that it will be the best choice for parents and students as well as to enhance their job marketability,” he said this in his speech at the opening ceremony of  the TVET Education Skills Development @Kedah Carnival here today.

He said there were more than 45 institutions in the state offering students various skills, among others, information technology, electrical and electronics, culinary and agriculture.

“Candidates of Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM), especially those who with results that may not be up to mark, I hope they will take the advantage of this TVET because of the wider job opportunities for those who have the skills to work in the industrial sector in the state,” he said.

Source: Bernama

Poor SPM Results? Here’s What You Can Do Next To Further Your Education

So, the day of reckoning is over and you’ve gotten your SPM results. Poor SPM results?

If your results aren’t as you expected, or if you fell short on some subjects that you thought you could have scored, it’s okay to feel gloomy or guilty that you didn’t utilise more of your time to study.

But after a week of being down in the dumps, it’s probably time for you to pick yourself up again. After all, SPM is just a small test in the grand scheme of things. Chances are, no one is going to harass you about it before the year ends.

So instead of crying about it, here are 5 things you can do if your SPM results are not as good as you anticipated.

#1. Appeal your grades

Poor spm result what to do next - 1 Appeal your grades

If you are seeking to meet the entry requirements for your desired pre-university course, or if you think your grades are right below the borderline to a higher grade, you can try getting your paper marked again.

With a fee to part with (RM100 per subject), you can have your papers remarked and hopefully (fingers crossed!), you will be able to attain a higher grade that will open doors to various opportunities.

To submit an appeal, you will need to fill up a form called Borang Permohonan Penyemakan Semula Keputusan Peperiksaan/Kes T, which is on the Board of Examination Malaysia (Lembaga Peperiksaan Malaysia) website. You can also find it at any of these places:

  • Your school
  • Assessment and Examination Unit / Sector (Sektor / Unit Penilaian dan Peperiksaan)
  • State Department of Education (Jabatan Pendidikan Negeri)
  • Examination review counter in the Board of Examination Malaysia in Putrajaya (Kaunter Semak Semula Lembaga Peperiksaan Putrajaya)

You need to make sure that your form reaches the Board of Examination Malaysia’s office within 30 days after SPM results are announced or else it will not be processed. Your reviewed results will be posted to you 2 months after the appeal deadline. Ensure that you attach the following required documents:

  • verified copy of your official SPM 2018 results
  • verified certificate or copy of your pentaksiran berdasarkan sekolah (PBS) or school-based assessments by your school principal or Pegawai Kerajaan Kumpulan A

*Incomplete forms will not be processed.

#2. Retake your subjects

Poor spm result what to do next - 2 Retake your subjects

If you are not confident that having your papers reviewed will improve your grades, or if you want to aim for a higher grade, perhaps you can choose to resit your papers.

For a step-by-step guide on repeating your SPM subjects, click here.

Do note that for SPM Ulangan in Junethere are only 3 subjects that you can register for. These include:

  • Mathematics
  • Bahasa Melayu
  • Sejarah

If you’d like to retake papers for other subjects, you will need to register as an SPM private candidate and sit for the papers with the rest of the present year SPM students in November / December.

You will need to consider this option thoroughly as it will take another year for you to obtain better grades. By then, your peers may have already completed a year of their pre-university studies so be sure to make it count!  

Resitting papers is usually for students who are looking to enter specific pre-university or degree courses. So if you are looking to study a foundation course and you’re just shy of one credit, this is an option you can consider!

#3. Pursue diploma or certificate courses

Poor spm result what to do next - 3 Pursue diploma or certificate courses

If you’re missing a couple of credits from your SPM slip, you can also consider other pathways, such as pursuing a diploma or certificate. After all, they can still lead you to selected degree courses.

For a start, a diploma only requires 3 credits at SPM. Upon completion, you can then progress to the second year of a relevant degree. This makes your total study duration similar to taking a foundation then a degree.

Certificate courses, on the other hand, typically require only 1 credit, as long as you pass Bahasa Melayu and History. Completing a certificate will allow you to progress to a diploma and subsequently a degree.

So if you think retaking your papers will not change your grades, you may consider these alternatives, provided that you meet the entry requirements.

#4. Pursue skills/TVET certificate & diploma courses

If you have poor SPM results (don’t have enough credits) but intend to pursue an academic diploma, some University or University Colleges also accept Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia (SKM) as an entrance requirement.

No worries, if you don’t have any credit or worse still, failed in your SPM (parents force you to complete SPM despite your interest is in skills based programs), you can always pursue your interest in skills/TVET courses.

Remember, pursuing skills/TVET courses should not be your last resort but must be your interest. Studies has shown that graduates with skills are much more employable – 80 to 90 per cent of them are able to get a job after six months upon graduation (vs graduates from academic background. Those taking cert/diploma/degree in business studies, marketing, information technology, social science courses will find it hard to land a job, unlike those who take Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET) courses.

#5. Contact us

If you are undecided on what course or where to pursue your TVET/skills courses, you can get in touch with us here or call us at +6012 3123430. We will be happy to help!

At the end of the day, it doesn’t matter if you have poor SPM results because it’s not the end of the road yet. There are still plenty of things you can do to secure your future. Many have managed to become successful, even without a string of As.

Credit: https://eduadvisor.my (Points 1-3 are from them)

Jobs of the future: Top five emerging careers

(File pix) Robotics engineering is a sought-after career pathway for school-leavers.

Apply for your favourite TVET courses/ SKM courses here

CHOOSING the right course to study after secondary school is one of the most important decisions in life.

With an array of courses available, the guidance of an experienced and knowledgeable education counsellor is invaluable after the Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) and Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia (STPM) examinations.

Regardless of whether school-leavers are from the arts or science stream, it is important to select a discipline that matches interests.

Malaysian Institute of Human Resource Management human resource adviser Geh Thuan Hooi said the programme of choice must be relevant now and in the future or graduates risk being left behind.

“With the advent of Industry 4.0 where artificial intelligence (AI) will replace many present jobs, anything related to data analytics, information technology and robotics are good fields to venture into.

“Jobs requiring a high sense of creativity and decisiveness will be much sought after. Those with a strong mindset, who are persistent and not afraid to fail, as well as team players will make it in the future,” he added.

Higher Ed looks at the top five emerging careers – data scientist, robotics engineer, physiotherapist, certified account and digital marketer – with a promising future.

DATA SCIENTISTS

Demand for data science skills is growing exponentially as it is crucial to extract knowledge and insight from data captured by companies.

Center of Applied Data Science (CADS) founder and chief executive officer Sharala Axryd said data scientists have always been in demand but, until recently, only large enterprises and digital natives were willing to make the significant investment.

“Corporations know that if they are slow to act, they will become dinosaurs in this digital age and lose competitive advantage.

“Management and executives are now actively utilising data to make business decisions,” she added.

“CADS offers courses such as the Data Star Programme and CADS Certification which teach the fundamentals of interpreting data, performing analyses and understanding and communicating actionable insights.

“The special SPM-Leavers Seminar, which was introduced last year, gives insight into the skills needed in the world of data science as well as job opportunities in the industry.

“Through these programmes, students are better equipped to stand out among their peers by pursuing career paths such as data scientists and analysts in various industries. These are increasingly highly sought-after roles which organisations are eager to fill.”

Data scientists are at the top of the data science career ladder as they possess both theoretical knowledge and technical skills.

“Data scientists should also have excellent communication skills to articulate their knowledge into useful insight that creates value.

Whether it is the field of AI, machine learning, deep learning or analytics, the possibilities are endless.

“A career in data science is considered an extremely broad field, as data scientists are relevant across industries, fitting in both vertically and horizontally.

“Exceptional understanding of all aspects of data, programming and business is highly respected.”

A Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, Statistics or Social and Physical Sciences is the basis of skills required to process and analyse big data. Relevant fields include mathematics, computer science and engineering.

Arts stream students, who have non-technical skills, can pursue their interest in data science if they have strong communication skills or business knowledge.

For example, a Bachelor of Arts in Communication graduate can rewrite technical jargon into plain English for the easier understanding of the marketing department.

ROBOTICS ENGINEERS

Robotics has been around for decades but current technological breakthrough in areas such as AI, Internet of Things, Industrial Internet of Things (IIOT), cloud computing and big data analytics has generated demand in sectors such as food and beverage, logistics and consumer markets.

Multimedia University Faculty of Engineering Technology dean Associate Professor Dr Fazly Salleh Abas said robotics is a discipline that combines knowledge on electronics, electrical and mechanical engineering, and software development.

The “body” of a robot is built on mechanical concepts, the “nervous system” on electrical and electronic components while the software forms its “brain”.

“It is not only the job of the future but is also now in demand. And it is not limited to manufacturing since robotics and automation are widely used in industries such as medicine, agriculture, law enforcement and surveillance.

“Graduates can choose to join the workforce in the industry or become researchers.

“The application of automation and robotics is broad. One may work on single-action robots in plants that automate bottle labelling or work on complex projects such as designing intelligent drones or a full-scale IIOT-enabled assembly system equipped with AI capabilities to predict possible breakdown.

“If one loves solving problems, then robotics is a brilliant choice for future pursuits,” he added.

In just a few decades, industries especially manufacturing are fertile ground for robotics and automation systems to evolve since they open the path to productivity and profitability.

“This technology has a long way to go in disrupting the way we manufacture and distribute products.”

A Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering — Robotics, Computer, Electro-mechanical, Electrical and Mechanical — is the entry-level academic requirement for a career in robotics.

Typical coursework for a robotics engineering degree includes advanced mathematics, physical and life sciences, computer science, computer-aided design and drafting, physics and materials science.

SPM science stream students with a Foundation in Engineering qualification or STPM scholars with three principals including mathematics and physics are eligible to pursue the Bachelor of Engineering (Electronics) degree majoring in robotics and automation.

For arts stream students who wish to become engineers, the pathway may be a little bit longer than for science stream students, whose usual pathway is to pursue Foundation, Matriculation or STPM course followed by an engineering degree programme.

A tip: excel in SPM and enrol in a diploma in engineering course at a polytechnic or public and private university before pursuing a degree in engineering programme.

PHYSIOTHERAPISTS

Health Minister Datuk Seri Dr Dzulkefly Ahmad said expenditure in the nation’s healthcare industry is expected to reach RM80 billion by 2020.

Industry-spending, which recorded RM52 billion at end-2017, has increased, fuelled by demand for healthcare services and the emergence of new care models beyond traditional hospital settings.

Management and Science University (MSU) Faculty of Health and Life Sciences dean Associate Professor Dr Sairah Abdul Karim said Malaysia is ranked as one of the highest for chronic heart problems and obesity among Asian countries.

There is a need for more physiotherapists to come up with exercise therapies designed to solve patients’ specific therapeutic goals.

Physiotherapists enjoy high employability as their skills are integral to the rehabilitation of patients who have either suffered a stroke, had a knee replacement, heart bypass surgery. In addition, they treat and minimise physical disabilities associated with injury, disease and other impairments.

“On average, a physiotherapist earns an annual income of RM29,500. Depending on experience, one can earn between RM14,000 and RM68,000 a year.

“This is a career that helps people and improves lives – not only alleviate pain – and there’s flexibility to work as a part-timer,” she added.

Physiotherapy courses offer a variety of hands-on skills that can be applied in hospital settings and sports clubs, special needs children’s centres, old folks home as well as rehabilitation centres.

“Physiotherapy graduates can look into becoming an academician, trainer, sports therapist, acupuncturist, chiropractor or exercise physiologist.”

With the average ratio of physiotherapists to the country’s population at 1:27,000 compared with 1:14,000 for developed countries, and 1:500,000 for under-developed nations, physiotherapists are in demand.

“There will be some 19,000 physiotherapists in the country by 2020 when the estimated population is 32 million, giving a ratio of 1:1,813.”

In 2016, there were 216 private and 153 public hospitals in the country. The Health Ministry employed 1,373 physiotherapists.

Non-governmental organisations and the Women, Family and Community Development Ministry also hired them.

In addition, physiotherapists also able to set up private practices and work in private clinics.

At MSU, prospective students need a minimum C grade for science subjects to enrol in the physiotherapy course, which includes 70 per cent hands-on learning and practice to ensure comprehension of integrated therapeutic approaches to patient care.

The programme encompasses clinical placements in accredited places such as MSU Medical Centre, public hospitals (under the supervision of the Health Ministry), private hospitals, National Sports Institute of Malaysia and healthcare services providers.

The specially designed clinical placements exceed the 1,000 hours requirement by the Malaysian Qualifications Agency.

“The curriculum is carefully crafted to ensure students are competent and inventive practitioners later in their career.

“This programme is delivered through innovative, 21st century teaching techniques, which engage students in collaborative, highly focused assessments and projects to build a solid foundation for a career in physiotherapy.”

KPJ Healthcare University College School of Health Sciences dean Mohd Izham Mohd Zain said physiotherapists are sought after in the healthcare industry, in line with changing lifestyle and new healthcare models.

“There is an obvious shift of care from the traditional role of providing rehabilitation and curative care at hospitals to preventive measures, which curb occupational-related disorders.

“Such an extended role requires higher academic qualifications to cater to needs and fulfil expectations,” added Mohd Izham.

To meet demand, numerous higher education institutions offer training programmes at the bachelor’s level instead of diploma.

KPJ Healthcare University College’s School of Health Sciences offers physiotherapy programmes from diploma to master’s.

DIGITAL MARKETERS

With exponential growth of the Internet, firms have more opportunities to communicate with their target audience.

Consumers are also highly intelligent and take well to online marketing as it is the medium most relatable to them.

Digital marketing is becoming a sought after career in a borderless environment.

Taylor’s University School of Media and Communication senior lecturer Dr Nurzihan Hassim said learners who are Internet-savvy can build up a diverse portfolio by mastering their hard and soft skills in both online and existing channels, be it radio, television or newspaper.

Through corporate bodies as well as advertising, public relations and media agencies, the 4th IR brings with it a need for media strategists, creative content creators and event managers to handle integrated marketing communications.

“It is a highly exciting and competitive field, so experience is critical as digital presence is very much relevant and needed,” she added.

Nurzihan said many advertising and branding campaigns integrate the human experience with augmented and virtual reality, and AI.

“Humanising technologies with consumers’ wants puts them first and wins trust. For example, voice searches such as Amazon Alexa see a higher engagement with smartphone users and opportunities for product knowledge and new trends.

“Snapchat won over audiences by allowing them to explore the Nike catalogue through augmented reality at a brand event and purchase Air Jordan III through Shopify.

“In essence, the key is to excite consumers and give insight into a product, brand or firm to gain and sustain attention through creativity and innovation of technology.”

Given that marketing in the future will be device-based, enrolment in a digital marketing course allows youth to enhance tech skills and learn to merge sales concepts into this next generation of marketing.

“Youth today are digital natives born in the era of the Internet and understand it the most. They are the best generation to implement digital marketing innovations that can bring change in society, and increase acceptability, response and practice of new ideas, concepts, products and trends.

“What we teach here is the history of the field and then bring into focus by linking it with digital practices. When students are exposed to the overall context of advertising and branding, they learn key areas such as audience research and the importance of evaluation, planning and creative execution across all major media channels.

“This breadth of knowledge is extremely useful for those interested in careers in advertising, marketing, brand management, audience research and handling big data.”

Nurzihan added that as long as they have the passion for it, students from both the Science and Arts streams can enrol in a Digital Marketing course as it is a mix of creative arts and technology.

“Science students already have the required skill-sets for pursuing the course such as the ability to think objectively and analyse quantifiable metrics.”

CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS

The country is in need of qualified professional accountants to meet the demand for 60,000 by next year.

With the development of digital technology, the role of accountants will be more challenging as they will use sophisticated and smart technologies such as software systems including cloud computing to enhance traditional ways of working.

And it is imperative that they are benchmarked against the highest standards and tested by the rigour of professional accountancy examinations.

UNIRAZAK chief executive officer Amil Izham Hamzah likened a degree in accounting to a key that unlocks a door to a room with a large chest containing a treasure — the certified accounting qualification.

The mental and physical skill-sets and stamina that one gains in the process of unlocking the chest are the greatest rewards for a certified accountant.

“It is by going through this process that sees many opportunities, imaginable or otherwise, open up to certified accountants.”

Therefore, it is crucial to go beyond an accounting degree and pursue professional accounting certification.

Generally, there are two ways of pursuing this certification. One can go the traditional route of obtaining a degree then pursuing professional accounting

certification or embark on a programme that combines both the university degree and professional certification, such as the CPA Australia Accounting degree qualification.

In developed countries, it is rather common for those in the science stream to cross over and study accounting.

“When I was enrolled in a professional accounting programme, a former colleague, who studied geology, was one of the best certified accountants in the firm then.

“You need the smarts and a willingness to go through the journey with perseverance, patience, prayers and lots of caffeine!”

The allure of professional accounting certifications has to do with existing and projected demand for certified professional accountants. Consistent with the trajectory of fast growing economies, Malaysia is projected to continue to need professionals of certain disciplines including certified accountants.

“Unlike certain jobs that are mere fads, the qualification as a certified accountant stands one on solid ground. I was awarded professional certification some 20 years ago and I can safely say that the qualification as a certified accountant is ‘not a destination but a means’ of taking on many roles and responsibilities in many ventures and industries.”

A certified accountant exercises constant judgment in his work, for example identifies and makes a call on substance rather than form; assesses intentions and their consequences; and effectively deals with shades of grey rather than mere black or white.

“It is a discipline that is more of the arts than sciences. The essential traits remain relevant in the foreseeable future.”

Meanwhile in its effort to contribute towards the development of talent in the country, Permodalan Nasional Bhd has introduced the PNB Chartered Accountant (PCA) course.

The programme targets candidates from different entry levels — SPM school-leavers, graduates of Foundation programmes from professional accounting bodies and graduates with a Diploma or Degree in Accountancy.

On Oct 26, 2016, PNB and its programme partners—Yayasan Peneraju Pendidikan Bumiputera, UiTM Private Education Sdn Bhd and Ernst & Young Malaysia — signed the Joint Collaborative Educational Partnership Agreement to provide sponsorship covering subsistence allowance and fees (tuition, examination and membership).

To date, PCA participants have enrolled in professional qualification programmes run by the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants, Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales, and Malaysian Institute of Certified Public Accountants and Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand.

Source: www.nst.com.my

Comment: If you’re not sure where to find TVET/skills institutions that offers the course that you’re interested in, you may apply here.